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The Dutch East Indies campaign (occupation of Japan) It was developed between the years 1941-1942.
The intent was anchored to the fact that Japan depended considerably on the imports supplied from the colony. With the intention of acquiring a larger share of these, which came to be mainly related to oil, Japan pressured the Dutch government to increase the level of exports with the aim of increasing the development of strategic sectors that gave him an advantage over his enemies.
Japan, through the attempt to acquire more raw material - which was denied by the Netherlands since they had problems with the campaign that Germany was developing in Europe - planned and carried out geopolitical maneuvers consisting of entering the French colonies in Asia, actions caused an embargo by the British Empire, the Dutch government and the United States, causing it to lose its main exporters.
Product of this, the Dutch East Indies became his most coveted target.
The Japanese perception raised the alarms in the government that governed the town in Europe, which was in an already complex situation. The Netherlands concern It was derived from the fact that, despite having more than 25,000 enlisted people in front of recognized military personnel and a competent general, their training was limited only to internal tasks.
Should the Japanese offensive be successful, they would have to bear the hostilities of the Indonesians, who, in themselves, were hostile to the European occupation.
Japan coveted rubber and oil, the main export products. Likewise, it tried to control the central location of the island to guarantee the control of certain navigation routes that would undoubtedly give it geographical advantages.
In the advance of their invasion, the Japanese troops encountered the surprise scorched earth practice by local garrison of 1,100 soldiers, who surrendered without resistance. As a punishment, they murdered 80 people.
The strategies developed by Japan They allowed him to have a quick control of port facilities and key areas of the region. Access to Java gave him control over the island. Lacking the corresponding air and maritime control, in addition to the ineffectiveness of the division in terms of weapons and training, it caused the Dutch leadership to surrender, taking for granted, in front of the international community, the victory of the Japanese.
The new regime of the Netherlands East Indies It provided both oil and other important materials to Japan, and was also a considerable source of labor. 4 million men and women were sentenced to forced labor. Thousands of natives were sent to work in other occupied areas and many women were forced into prostitution.
As we discussed in the bali history, Indonesia was liberated by the allied forces in August 1945. Two days after liberation, the nationalist leader Sukarno declared independence by being appointed president.