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On November 10, the Peruvian government declared more than 4,800 archaeological pieces as Cultural Heritage of the Nation drawn from the citadel of Macchu Picchu by American archaeologist Hiram Bingham and repatriated from Yale University between 2011 and 2012.
In a resolution of the Ministry of Culture published in the official gazette El Peruano, it is stated that: “It is resolved to declare the Cultural Heritage of the Nation to the 4,849 cultural assets repatriated from Yale University, which are under the custody of the San Antonio de Abad University of Cusco”.
Most of these archaeological pieces are fragments Y have been grouped according to material. In total there are 3,877 pieces of ceramic, 635 of lithic, 167 of metal, 9 of organic, while another 31 correspond to animal remains and 130 to human remains.
Yale University returned more than 46,000 pieces from the Machu Picchu collection to Peru in three deliveries, which had been extracted by the renowned explorer Bingham during 1911 and 1912. The pieces had been delivered to the house of studies by the archaeologist himself in 1916 on loan.
Regarding this fact, the Ministry of Culture of Peru indicated that: “The recovered pieces are representative, because they constitute the largest repatriation process in history, not only because of the quantities, but also because of the diplomatic efforts carried out, taking into consideration that these goods remained in the United States for almost 100 years.”.
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