History of the Khmer Empire

History of the Khmer Empire



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Malaysia, Myanmar (Burma), Cambodia, Thailand, Laos and Vietnam were the basis that formed the enigmatic Khmer Empire.

Its origin was founded through the discrepancy between the tribute of Southeast Asia, who in the 1st century were led by the figure responsible for the leadership of the people, who administered justice and had military control.

The tribes, with the passage of time, settled into a superior set of peoples that gave rise to two kingdoms known as Funán and Chenlá.

With geopolitical interests, Indonesia decides to invade Southwest Asia. The Funán and Chenlá kingdoms choose to join forces to drive out the invaders.

But nevertheless, It wasn't until Jayavarman II ascended, the mind that gave birth to the Khmer Empire and who grew up in the Silaendra court in Java where he acquired a considerable amount of knowledge, which was erected the mighty Khmer Empire.

Influenced by the culture of India, Jayavarman II He decided to impose similar customs, architecture and beliefs. His kingdom lasted until after his death, with his son - Indravarman I - taking over the succession.

Historians have not been able to find much information related to the reign of Jayavarman II, mainly within politics, economy, religion, architecture and other details that could give to understand the way in which his government was structured explicitly, without the need to fall into key generalizations of Hinduism.

The reign of Indravarman I has shown, archaeologically, the existence of an expansive model of government in the Khmer Empire. The course of the Roulos river was used through the Indratataka reservoir within its regime, and in the same way, it expanded the territorial extension.

The jayavarman dynasty It was very short, because it ended after the death of his son after a succession struggle broke out, replacing the lineage with the Mahipativarman. In this new dynasty cities were built, civil works and reservoirs of considerable size were carried out.

With the passing of time, the government was established by different kings who led the kingdom through a process of unification and restitution that involved the mixing of different cultures. Likewise, certain areas were promoted that favored the growth and development of characteristics of interest to the population.

The Khmer Empire has been steeped in secrecy. There is a lack of samples of architectural material that favors the reconstruction of the impressive ruins that have remained, such as Angkor Wat, where the result of the development is raised, objectively.

There are hypotheses that address the decline of empire, assuming that they were times of successive famines that weakened the economy, leaving them susceptible to attacks from other kingdoms interested in their geographical position.

The process of decline was sealed after the absorption of the empire by the Mongols, who were touring most of Asia.

The city of Angkor, which for a long time was the most sublime sample of the Khmer Empire, was left uninhabited until it was forgotten.

The Buddhist monks were the only ones to refuse to leave her. With the passage of time it was the growth of the jungle that claimed its temples, buildings and the pillar of civilization.

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