Complete list of gods and deities from Finnish mythology

Complete list of gods and deities from Finnish mythology

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Before creating the complete list of gods from Finnish mythology, we have shared a series of articles on their main myths like creation, or main characters as is the case of Väinämöinen.

Both the list of the main characters, as well as the entire finnish mythology usually, we get them from the Kalevala, the Epic of Finland and where we find, thanks to a very exhaustive compilation made by Elias Lönnrot in the nineteenth century, all the stories that are part of the nation's folklore, which has been transmitted orally throughout the centuries.

In this complete list of deities from Finnish mythology We include gods, demi-gods, heroes and other objects or main places of the Kalevala to complete the information as much as possible.

Bee-eaterBird (Merops Apiaster), endowed with prophetic song, according to the Kalevala.
Ahto (or Athi)God of the Waters, husband of Vallamo.
AinoJoukahainen's daughter betrothed to Vainamoinen, drowned in the sea
AjatarForest Spirit
AkkaUkko's wife, also called Rauni.
AkrasGod of fertility.
Anniki«Daughter of the Night, Virgin of the Twilight», divinity of the Woods.
CreationWe find the creation myth in the Kalevala, the Finnish Epic. Here you can see the full myth.
CuckooSacred bird in the Kalevala, its song announces the arrival of summer. The gold and silver poured out with his song were used by Vainamoinen for the construction of his kantele.
Eno (Aino)Jukahainen's sister, offered by him to Vainamoinen, upon being defeated, but she threw herself into the sea.
Spirits or GeniusesThe world was full of them, in specialized functions and their names varied with each of the peoples.
HaltiaElemental force of all things, possible to be handled by a superior force, magic. "Soul" indissolubly united to the body and perishing with it. For the vogules (people of the Urals) the haltia resided in the heart and lungs, while for the Lapps and other peoples, it resided, in the skeleton.
HiisiA demon.
Iko TursoSea monster.
IlmaDivinity of Air, mother of Luonnotar
IlmarinenDivine blacksmith, forger of the celestial vault and also of the roof of the air. It is he who will do the Sampo requested from Vainamoinen by Louhi and his daughter will marry (the one who will end up dying because of Kullervo). Participating in other adventures with Vainamoinen.
IlmatarLuon note. See Ilmatar biography.
HellIt was not a place of punishment but, the Realm of the Dead, just a little darker where the sun barely illuminated and there were forests. It was known as Tuonela (country of Tuoni) or Manala (country of Mana). It was surrounded by a black water river that had to be forded to enter, but it was also necessary to walk a week through light forests, another week through thick forests and finally another through dark and deep forests. Whoever entered could no longer leave, although Vainamoinen did, suddenly changing his form and passing through the mesh network, with which they tried to prevent him from leaving the realm of the dead. It was located, according to the Kalevala in the land of Pohjola (Lapland).
JoukahainenMancebo from Lapland who, envious of Vainamoinen's fame and possessor of great magical knowledge, challenged and was defeated by Vainamoinen.
JumalaUkko. Supreme God, the Creator.
KalervoKullervo's father. He was the brother of the evil Untamo.
KalevalaHomeland of heroes and in opposition to Pohjola. Finland.
KalevalaThe Kalevela is the Finnish Epic, compiled from folk sources by Elías Lönnrot in the 19th century. See Kalevala.
KalevanponkaA giant
KalmaPersonification of Death. At the door of his abode was the monster Surma.
KanteleMusical instrument typical of Finnish music. According to the Kalevala, Vainamoinen made the first with the bones of a sollo, lost this one, he made a second with birch wood, the gold and silver that fell from the mouth and beak of the cuckoo when singing, and the strings with a lock of a teenage girl's hair. When Vainamoinen had finished it and began to play, all nature was moved.
Kaukomieli"He who longs for long journeys," nickname for Lemmikainen.
KivutarGoddess of sickness and pain.
Krippu-TyttoDaughter of Tuoni and Tuonetar, goddess of diseases.
KullervoTragic anti-hero, son of Kalervo. His life ends in suicide, after going through countless misfortunes.
Kylliki"The graceful flower of Saari", wife of Lemnikainen.
LemmikainenSon of Lempi, born and raised by his mother on the promontory of Kauko ("Far"). After several adventures and to obtain one of Louhi's daughters, he tries to kill a swan from the hellish river Tuoni, but it is torn to pieces and the pieces thrown into the river. His mother collects the pieces, manages to revive him and make him return to his land. He then embarks with Vainamoinen and Lemmikainen to obtain the Sampo stored in the Pohjola.
LempiGenius of evil.
LempoSome kind of troll, a demon. Spirit of fertility.
LintukotoA happy site.
LouhiPohjola's housewife. Command the enemies of Kalevala.
LoviatarDaughter of Tuoni and Tuonetar, blind Goddess of diseases and plagues, the most despicable of the daughters of Tuoni, source of all evil. Married to the Wind God, she had nine monsters.
LuonnótarVirgin of the Air, daughter of Ilma and mother of Vainamoinen. Her name means daughter of nature. See Ilmatar.
Mader-AtchaAmong the Lapps, creator of the men for whom he creates the soul and his wife, Mader-Akka, supplies them with the body.
Mader-AkkaAmong the Lapps, creator of the men for whom she creates the body and her husband, Mader-Atcha the soul.
Mannu's motherPersonification of the Earth.
Metsola's motherPersonification of the Forest.
ManalaHell, Tuonela, the underworld.
MarjattaVirgin mother who, disowned by her own, had in a stable on the top of the mountain of Kito, the child who would defeat and force Vainamoinen to retire.
MillikkiDivinity of the forest and of the hunt, wife of Tapio.
Nakki (Nakk)Divinity of ponds and wells
NyyrikkiDivinity of the forest and hunting, son of Tapio and Millikki.
OtavaThe big bear.
OtsoBear spirit
PahaA demon.
PaivatarGoddess of the Day.
PekoGod of the Fields
PellervoGod of crops.
PellervoinenGod protector of fields and plants.
PerkeleUkko. God of Sky, Time and Air.
PilltiMarjatta's young servant.
PiruA demon.
Pohja (Pohjola)Frozen region, where the Manala or Tuoni was located, in the current region of Lapland. It was the place where men are eaten and heroes are exterminated.
RauniAnother name for Akka, Ukko's wife.
RunoyaBard. Composer and singer of runes (also implies having magical powers)
RuotosCharacter who, along with his wife, deny their help to Marjatta
SampoTalisman of great powers made by Ilmarinen. It provides its possessor with fortune and prosperity. It should be made with a swan's down, milk from a sterile cow, a grain of barley and a flake of wool from a pregnant sheep. This talisman remains in the Pohjola until it is taken from there by Vainamoinen, Ilmarinen and Lemmikainen. Broken when Louhi tried to rescue him, his pieces were scattered in the sea, in Kalevala and Pohjola, and Louhi could only rescue what he could fit on one finger.
SampsaGod of the Fields, who sowed, according to the Kalevala, the island where Vainamoinen was located.
Sar-AkkaDaughter of Mother Atcha and Mader Akka, who takes care of the girls created by her parents. Sister of Uks-Akka.
SariolaAnother name of the country Kalevala.
SurmaPersonification of violent death or fatal Destiny, a monster always ready to destroy with its teeth and to devour the unwary who passed within its reach.
TapioForest and hunting divinity, married to Millikki and father of Niirikki and Tuulikki.
TuonelaHell, Manala, the Underworld.
TuonetarTuoni's wife, queen of the Underworld.
TuoniGod of the Underworld, married to Tuonetar and father of the divinities of Suffering: Krippu-Tytto and Loviatar.
Tuoni or TuonelaHell, home of the dead, surrounded by a black water river that must be overcome in order to get there.
TurisasGod of War.
CoursesMonstrous-looking geniuses.
TuulikkiDivinity of the forest and hunting, son of Tapio and Millikki.
UkkoGod of Heaven, Time and Air, the one who supported the world, piled up the clouds and caused the rain. The Creator who separated the air from the water and, from the water, brought the earth out. After his knee he created three young men, three daughters of nature who were to conceive iron.
Uks-AkkaDaughter of Mader-Atcha and Mader-Akka, who takes care of the children created by her parents. Sar-Akka's sister.
SpreadKullervo's mother, Kalervo's daughter.
UtarGoddess of Mists.
VäinämöinenDemigod, hero and main character in Finnish and Kalevala mythology.
VainolaVainamoinen Residence
VallamoGoddess of the Sea, Lakes and Storms, Ahto's wife
VammatarGoddess of disease and pain.
VeteheinenGeniuses of the waters, generally malefic.
VipunenGiant, powerful rune that kept the sacred runes in its belly. Vainamoinen must resort to him to have them revealed to him, for which he must march three days, the first on needle points, the second on sword points and the third on the edge of the heroes' axes. Then, after being swallowed by the giant, he forced him to reveal the sacred runes, the superb song of ancient times. Possessor of this secret, Vainamoinen could then finish building his ship.
VirokannasProtector of the oat fields.

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