The charm of Innsbruck, history and mountains in the capital of Tyrol

The charm of Innsbruck, history and mountains in the capital of Tyrol

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If you are looking for a place where you can enjoy both the city and the mountains, the capital of Tyrol is, without a doubt, your site. Pass a dream vacation in Innsbruck It is very simple as we go from outdoor sports to culture and vice versa in the same day.

Introduction: the capital of Tyrol

Innsbruck is not only the capital of Tyrol, but the capital of the Alps, situated in the Inn Valley between Völs and Hall in Tirol. Its name refers to the "Inn" bridge, built around the year 1170 and has about 120,000 inhabitants, being the largest city in Tyrol and the fifth largest in Austria.

At more than 800 years old, the city is an important cultural center and boasts many artistic treasures, with a history intertwined with that of the Habsburgs whose wealth and sense of beauty have left their mark on the city, as well as on the “Techo Dorado”, the Palace of the Imperial Court and the Castle of Ambras, among others.

In addition, it offers us great shopping options in the city, walks with charming surroundings and, if that were not enough, its impressive nights with concerts by music bands and baroque operas.

Not to mention that it hosted the Winter Olympics twice, also having one of the best ski jumping slopes like Bergisel, the home of the Four Hills Tournament.

Another of the great attractions, since we are talking about the mountains, is the Hungerburg funicular, designed by Zaha Hadid.

History of Innsbruck

Although the first vestiges of settlement in Innsbruck date from the Neolithic, we must not forget that Tyrol is where the remains of Ötzi were found, the famous ice man, and that monopolizes much of the global interest in the entire region.

The Innsbruck basin It has been inhabited continuously for 3,000 years since the discovery of the first settlements, and during the Roman Empire the military base was installed on the site "Veldidena”(In present-day Wilten Abbey), which served to protect the imperial road of Verona, destroyed in 600 during the migration of the peoples.

In the Middle Ages and until the construction of the Bridge Inn, the local settlement was on the north bank of the Inn, and only after the area exchange between the influential Abbey of Wilten and the Earls of Andechs around the year 1180 did the settlement of Innsbruck as such, mentioned for the first time in 1187, in the area of ​​the current old town.

Thanks to trade, the influence and wealth of the city grew rapidly and in 1363 Innsbruck reached the Habsburgs via Margarethe Maultasch along with all of Tyrol, becoming the residence of the dynasty under Emperor Maximilian I in 1420, remaining as center of the monarch until the extinction of the Tyrolean dynasty in 1665.

The growth of the city occurred especially with Frederick IV of Austria, who ordered the construction of the pergolas, the Court garden and the City Tower; low Maximilian I, who transformed Innsbruck into the center of the European postal service, managed to expand to the Hofburg and ordered the creation of the Goldenes Dachl, which was built in honor of his marriage to Blanca Maria Sforza from Milan.

For its part, under the Emperor Ferdinand I The first primary school was founded in western Austria in 1562 (in the city), and under the Archduke Leopold V The Dognana (the first German-speaking opera and theater between 1629 and 1630 (current Congress House) and the University of Innsbruck were built in 1669.

Already in the more recent past, during the First World War Innsbruck was invaded by Italian troops (without receiving damage), which were withdrawn in 1924. In the Second War, the city was bombed 21 times by the allies and in 1944 the Innsbruck Cathedral was seriously damaged.

In addition, Innsbruck hosted twice the Winter Olympics (1964 and 1976), the World Ice Hockey Championships (2005 and 2008) and, in 2008, together with Vienna, Salzburg and Klagenfurt, it was one of the venues for the European Football Championship.

What to see in Innsbruck

Innsbruck highlights

Among the most outstanding places to visit in Innsbruck we find:

  • Innsbruck Cathedral
  • The Hofburg
  • Tyrolean Provincial Museum
  • Goldenes Dachl (Golden Roof)
  • The Armory
  • The Tyrolean Folklore Museum
  • The city tower
  • The old town
  • The Innsbruck Triumphal Gate
  • The Bell Museum
  • Wilten Abbey
  • Wilten Basilica
  • The Bergisel ski jump slope

In the old town

The old town of Innsbruck is the true historical center of the city, where we find places of interest and world fame such as the famous Goldenes Dachl (Golden Roof) of Innsbruck, the Innsbruck Hofburg, the old town hall, the City tower and the Cathedral of St Jakob, among others.

Another unmissable point is the Goldenes Adler inn.

In the center of Innsbruck

Innsbruck city center comprises all of the Old Town, Neustadt, Saggen and Dreiheiligen districts, that is, the urban area of ​​Innsbruck before the first incorporation in 1904.

In addition to the places of interest already mentioned in the old town, in this area we find other important sites and museums of interest, including:

  • The Tyrolean museum
  • Tyrolean Folk Arts Museum
  • The Innsbruck Armory
  • The Bell Museum
  • The New Town Hall
  • The Innsbrucker Hofbarten

In and around Innsbruck

In the surroundings of the city we find:

  • Wilten Basilica
  • The Alpenverein Museum
  • The Winkler Pharmacy Museum
  • The Tyrolean Architecture Museum,
  • The gallery at the Palais Taxis
  • The Railway Museum
  • The Museum of Anatomy
  • The Archeology Museum
  • The Radio Museum
  • The giant circular painting
  • The Bergisel jump track

Although the current situation makes the movement to do tourism directly very complex, you can virtually discover what the capital of Tyrol has to offer.Enjoy great online views over Innsbruck!

After studying History at the University and after many previous tests, Red Historia was born, a project that emerged as a means of dissemination where you can find the most important news of archeology, history and humanities, as well as articles of interest, curiosities and much more. In short, a meeting point for everyone where they can share information and continue learning.

Video: Innsbruck - My Home In Pictures