Lord Rama - The Lord Of Virtue

Lord Rama - The Lord Of Virtue


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Lord Rama is considered to be the seventh avatar of Vishnu and the King of Ayodhya. His adherence to Dharma (Religion) despite harsh circumstances has made him widely known as the ideal man and perfect human. Watch the video for more information on 'The Lord Of Virtue.


Lord Rama - The Lord Of Virtue - History

Śrī Rāma (श्रीराम)

First the question arises: who is Śrī Rāma?

When we say 'RAma' (Śrī Rāma), then it means we are talking about the most perfect incarnation of God or God himself in human form as a Young prince of Ayodhya or the Supreme personality of godhead. Madhvacharya says — "Ram literally means the supreme bliss, Ram means the 'Brahman' (the absolute, the supreme element) as well as Ishwara (the god with form) Both". In simple words Ram is the supreme cosmic spirit, all pervading, the embodiment of all souls and thus the ultimate consciousness. And as Ishwara (the qualified Brahman with infinite attributes i.e. Śrī Rāma with form), he is mine of infinite auspicious qualities, the original source of supreme bliss, the original cause of all the causes, the supreme refuge of all Jivas (individual souls) and hence the subject of worship for all Jivas.

Since Ishwara is subject of worship for all Jivas, to be loved most, so Ram as the prince of Ayodhya, the supreme personality unto whom one should take refuge should be main focus.

In whole world people know about Lord Rama, the prince of Ayodhya (a place in India) and his saga 'Ramayana'. Shri Rama is on the lips of every man, woman, child in the sacred land of Bharatvarsha (India), not only because he is god himself but most prominently as an ideal hero, the role model for everyone in true sense and hence he is popularly known as Maryada Purushottama (the best among men).

Lord Rama is the supreme Purusa, the Supreme personality of godhead eulogized by all Vedic-scriptures in one voice.

राम त्वं परमात्मसि सच्चिदानन्दविग्रहः ||
इदानीं त्वां रघुश्रेष्ठ प्रणमामि मुहुर्मुहुः |
(शुक्लयजुर्वेदीय मुक्तिकोपनिषद् 1/4,5क)

rāma tvaṃ paramātmasi saccidānandavigrahaḥ ||
idānīṃ tvāṃ raghuśrēṣṭha praṇamāmi muhurmuhuḥ |
(śuklayajurvēdīya muktikōpaniṣad 1/4,5ka)

O' Śrī Rāma! You are the Supreme Being, The Parambrahman, of the nature Sat, Chit and Ananda!! I pay my obeisance in your lotus feet again and again. (-Muktika Upanishada 1/4,5a)

In words of Vedavatar Shrimad Valmiki Ramayana — Shri Ram is the sun of sun (Maha-Surya), the fire of fire, the god of god, the supreme unchanging element, perfect, omniscient, omnipresent, incorporeal, supremely independent, the ruler of even those who govern all, Prabhoh-Prabhu, the eternal Maha-VishNu, the supreme Paratpar Brahman. So everything exists in Ram and Ram pervades everything. He is Ishwara as well as Brahman itself. Ram means Brahman, Ram means Ishwara.

Śrī Rāma (श्रीराम) , the Person

Lord Rāma is known as Purushottama which means the best of men or the Supreme Purusa (personality).

Śrī Rāma, the perfect Avatar (incarnation) of the Supreme omnipresent God, is an all-time favorite among Hindu deities. The most popular symbol of chivalry and virtue, Śrī Rāma - in the words of Swami Vivekananda - is "the embodiment of truth, of morality, the ideal son, the ideal husband, and above all, the ideal king."

Here is one of the excellent declaration about lord Ram in Valmiki Ramayana:-

रामो विग्रहवान् धर्मः साधुः सत्यपराक्रमः।
राजा सर्वस्य लोकस्य देवानामिव वासवः॥
[ वाल्मीकि रामायण ३.३७.१३]

rāmō vigrahavān dharmaḥ sādhuḥ satyaparākramaḥ।
rājā sarvasya lōkasya dēvānāmiva vāsavaḥ॥
[ vālmīki rāmāyaṇa 3.37.13]

"Shri Rama is the embodiment of righteousness, he is sadhu (noble, equable person) with truthfulness as his valour and as Indra to all gods, he (Lord Rama) is the king of the entire world.

Anyone can find the tale of Śrī Rāma and his life in Ramayana, which is known as the first epic poem in whole world, written by sage Valmiki.

Śrī Rāma, the all attractive personality

चन्द्रकान्ताननं राममतीव प्रियदर्शनम् ।।
रूपौदार्यगुणैः पुंसां दिष्टिचित्तापहारिणम् ।।
[वाल्मीकि रामायण २.३.३८-३९]

candrakāntānanaṃ rāmamatīva priyadarśanam ।।
rūpaudāryaguṇaiḥ puṃsāṃ diṣṭicittāpahāriṇam ।।
[vālmīki rāmāyaṇa 2.3.38-39]

With a moon-like face, Śrī Rāma is an extreme delight to look at. By His form (रूप), qualities (गुणैः) and generosity He steals the vision and hearts of even men! What about women? What a futile question.

Be it Naam (name, नाम) or form (रूपं), or Leela (exploits or pastimes, लीला ) or Abode (धाम) of Lord Rama, it is higher than the highest (ParatPar, परात्परम् ). All divine transcendental qualities are found to the full extent in Śrī Rāma and those all divine qualities collectively can't be found to the full extent in any othe personality or God. No one can be as much beautiful or attractive as like Supreme personality of Godhead Lord Śrī Rāma. The all attractive transcendental beauty of Lord Rama is just matchless. Similarly divinity & matchless-glory of his name "RAma" is incomparable to any other name of God.

रामस्य नाम रूपं च लीला धाम परात्परम्।
एतच्चतुष्टयं नित्यं सच्चिदानन्दविग्रहम्॥
[वशिष्ठ संहिता]

rāmasya nāma rūpaṃ ca līlā dhāma parātparam।
ētaccatuṣṭayaṃ nityaṃ saccidānandavigraham॥
[vaśiṣṭha saṃhitā]

Śrī Rāma’s name, form, Liilaa (pastimes) and abode are all Suprememly divine, higher than the highest (परात्परम्) and sat-chit-aananda-vigrah, the very manifestations of truth, conciousness and bliss!

Valmiki Ramayana, which is the most authentic source to know about Śrī Rāma and his exploits, says that all attractive Śrī Rāma is none other than the most superior God, also known as Maha-Vishnu or Maha-Surya or Maha-Shakti.

Śrī Rāma, the ultimate refuge for all

Lord Rāma is the only personality who desrves to be famous in whole universe. Only he has been glorified as hero or say Purusa in all Vedic scriptures. Śrī Rāma is the ultimate refuge for all Jiva-s (souls), only he should be worshiped by all in universe. This is the clear declaration of Shabd-Prmana from self-sufficient authority Shri Valmiki-Ramayana.

निवासवृक्षः साधूनामापन्नानां परा गतिः।
आर्तानां संश्रयश्चैव यशसश्चैकभाजनम्।।
[ वाल्मीकि रामायण ४.१५.१९]

nivāsavṛkṣaḥ sādhūnāmāpannānāṃ parā gatiḥ।
ārtānāṃ saṃśrayaścaiva yaśasaścaikabhājanam।।
[ vālmīki rāmāyaṇa 4.15.19]

He is like a sheltering tree to the virtuous, he is the ultimate (supreme) refuge for the destitutes and a protector of the distressed. He is the only personality who deserves to be famous.

Lord Rama is known by various names like Raghava, Koshlendra, Ramachandra, Ramabhadra etc but his eternal and the most superior , the most divine name is 'Ram' ( राम ).

Shri Ram, supreme personality of godhead as well as the ideal man

Ram (Rāma) is celebrated as the ideal hero in Rāmāyana, the first epic poem of world. No one can find any such hero in any other history of world. Only followers of Vedic-Dharma can proudly claim that they have maryada-Purushottam Shri Rāma who has no match in whole world.

In Valmiki Ramayana and Vedic-scriptures, Shri Ram is not just celebrated as ideal hero but also as the original personality of godhead who himself descended as prince charming of Ayodhya to show the world how to lead a righteous life, to establish the highest form of Dharma, to liberate the earth from evil demons and to impart the supreme bliss to his devotees.

Rāma as Bhagavān (भगवान्)

वदन्ति तत्तत्त्वविदस्तत्त्वं यज्ज्ञानमद्वयम्
ब्रह्मेति परमात्मेति भगवानिति शब्द्यते |
[श्रीमद भागवत १.२.११]

vadanti tat tattva-vidas tattvaḿ yaj jñānam advayam
brahmeti paramātmeti bhagavān iti śabdyate
[Śrīmad Bhāgavatam 1.2.11]

Learned transcendentalists who know the Absolute Truth call this nondual substance Brahman, Paramātmā or Bhagavān.

If there is god (Bhagavān), then that is Rama, alone. How?
Because only Rama shows all characteristics of being Bhagavān as described in various scriptures. As per Vishnu Purana, Bhagavān is:

aiSvaryasya samagrasya vIryasya yaSasah Sriyah |
j

nAna vairAgya yogaScaiva shaNNAm bhaga itI'nganA ||
(Vishnu Puran.6.5.74)

Vishnu Puran says: - "He Who possesses the six attributes of aiSvaryam or Lordship, vIrya (Valour), Yasha (fame), Śrī (riches) , j

nAna (knowledge) and vairAgya in full (infinite) degree is called bhagavAn".

So now we will see each attribute how they are full in Shri Rama alone:

Param-Aishvaryam (Supreme Opulence):

1) Shri Rama liberated Ahalya just by the touch of his feet, this showed the nature of being supreme one.

2) Rama took out the Vaishnavi-Splendor from Parashu-Rama and thus ParashuRama was rendered vigor-less. So even an incarnation of Shri Rama or Maha-Vishnu can't stand in front of Swayam Bhagavān Shri Rama. This shows Rama is the original source of all incarnations. After this, ParashuRama prayed Shri Rama as the original Supreme personality of godhead. (In Maha-Bharata, it is mentioned that Rama even showed his universal form to ParashuRama)

3) Rama killed the mighty demon king Ravana who was not even killed by Vishnu's Sudarshan Chakra. Thus after killing Ravana, Rama restored the glory of Vishnu again in universe. Thats why Ramayana says, Rama is Vishnorardham arthat "Vishnu ko Bhi Riddhimaan Karne Vala" which means Rama is the only personality who restores the glory of Vishnu or gives glory to even Vishnu.

4) Rama is the only personality in history who gave Liberation (Mukti) to whole Ayodhya and brought all citizens of Ayodhya in Santanik-Loka which is near to the supreme abode of Para-Brahman i.e. Saket Loka. This is the supreme lordship of Lord Rama. Hail to glorious lordship of Rama.

सुरोऽसुरो वाप्यथ वानरो नरः सर्वात्मना यः सुकृतज्ञमुत्तमम् |
भजेत रामं मनुजाकृतिं हरिं यः उत्तराननयत्कोशलान्दिवमिति ||
[श्रीमद भागवत महापुराण ५.१९.८]

suro 'suro vāpy atha vānaro naraḥ sarvātmanā yaḥ sukṛtajñam uttamam
bhajeta rāmaḿ manujākṛtiḿ hariḿ ya uttarān anayat kosalān divam iti
[Śrīmad Bhāgavatam 5.19.8]

whether one is a demigod or a demon, a man or a creature other than man, such as a beast or bird, all should worship Lord Rāma, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, who has a form of human being. There is no need of great austerities or penances to worship the Lord Rāma, He becomes easily sastisfied even from a small service done to him (such a compassionate lord he is. Thus He is satisfied, and as soon as He is satisfied, the devotee is successful.). [Indeed, No one can match his compassion towards his devotees, that] Lord Śrī Rāma brought all the citizens of Ayodhyā back to his divine abode Saket Loka, back to Godhead.

Such a great Lord Rama is who accepted everyone be it god, demon, human, beast, bird or anyone and brought all back to supreme abode . So if one wants to go back to godhead then worship lord Rama as instructed by Bhagvata-Maha-Puran, with all love.

5) As Hanumana described about the supreme opulence of Rama to Ravana that just don't take Rama mere a human, he is very much capable of annihilating all the worlds again and again and very much capable to create them over again in exactly the same way. Can we find such a highly glorious praise for any other personality apart from the supreme personality of godhead?

सर्वांल्लोकान् सुसंहृत्य सभूतान् सचराचरान्।
पुनरेव तथा स्रष्टुं शक्तो रामो महायशाः॥
[वाल्मीकि रामायण - ५.५१.३९]

sarvāṃllōkān susaṃhṛtya sabhūtān sacarācarān।
punarēva tathā sraṣṭuṃ śaktō rāmō mahāyaśāḥ॥
[vālmīki rāmāyaṇa - 5.51.39]

Annihilating all the worlds including the elements, their created beings, as well as the entire mobile and immobile creation, the highly illustrious Shri Rama is capable of creating them over again in exactly the same way.

Param-Viryam (Supreme Valour, Heroism):-

1) Param-Viryam Guna is predominantly visible in hero of Ramayana. Shri Rama is the only personality in history (Ramayana and Mahabharata) and even in mythological scriptures, both, who never shown his back in war. See any personality, even incarnations of Rama has shown their backs be it any reason, Vishnu, Lord Krsna (named Rannchhod when he shown his back), Lord Shiva etc all deities have shown their backs in war. Thus Purusa or Paurushatva (Param-vIrya) culminates only in Raghunatha and it is predominantly visible in Lord Rama alone.

2) Shri Rama killed single-handedly 14000 dreaded demons in Dandakaranya in no time.

3) One time in Rama-Ravana Yuddha, when the specially fierce army of Ravana attacked Rama's army of monkeys, the fearful monkeys seek refuge to Rama, then Shri Rama single-handedly killed around 2.5 lacs demons in just hours. That time Rama was so swift in killing those demons, that at a time, thousands of Shri Rama were seen by those demons in the battle field. Such is the supreme valour of Purusa, Swayam Bhagavān Rama.

Param-Yasha Guna (Supremely famous):-

1) Shri Rama has been symbol of all auspious qualities a perfect man should have. He is famous for being ideal-son, ideal-disciple, ideal-husband, ideal-brother, ideal-friend, and more than all these, an ideal-king a nation can have. So only Rama is Puroshottama ( पुरुषोत्तम , the best among men) in reality, without a bit of exaggeration. Thus only Rama can be the ideal hero for whole humanity.

2) Sri Rama's Yasha (fame) was so widely spread that even among his enemies, he was celebrated as a righteous ideal man. Even his enemies were praising his righteousness (Dharma), vIrya (supreme valour) and Param-Madhurya-Guna (ultimate sweetness, charm). Even enemies were enchanted by his natural beauty. That's why in Valmiki Ramayana, it is said that Shri Rama is only personality in whole world who deserves to be famous.

3) When Rama ruled this earth, whole earth became the Rama's world. No one was interested in anything other than Rama and his glorious exploits.

4) Is there anyone in whole world who has not heard the name of Rama? (Please note it there is no missionary work behind the popularity of Rama's name in whole world)

5) Shri Rama has not been just famous for being the supreme god of followers of Vedic-Dharma, but more popular for his pure spotless character. Padma-Purana says: ' चरितं रघुनाथस्य शतकोटि प्रविस्तरम | '(Charitam Raghunathasya Shatkoti Pravistaram - Padma Purana, Patal Khand) means 'the spotless fame of Lord Rama's exploits has been sung in 100 crore (1 billion) Ramayana-s'. Though due to evil effect of Kaliyuga, only few Ramayana-s are available for human beings in this age of Kali, however, even the number of those available Ramayana-s exceed the number of scriptures which may be credited to all other deities. Is there any such personality or deity whose fame is so much widely celebrated and sung as like that of Lord Rama? Certainly no!

6) It has been clear declaration of Śrīmad Vālmiki Rāmāyan which is self-sufficient authority (Pramāna), the very incarnation of all four Veda-s that Śrī Rāma is the only personality who deserves to be famous:

निवासवृक्षः साधूनामापन्नानां परा गतिः।
आर्तानां संश्रयश्चैव यशसश्चैकभाजनम् ।।
[श्रीमद वाल्मीकि रामायण ४.१५.१९]

nivaasa vR^ikSaH saadhuunaam aapannaanaam paraa gatiH ||
aartaanaam sa.mshrayaH caiva yashasaH ca eka bhaajanam |
[Śrīmad Vālmikī Rāmāyana 4.15.19]

Lord Rama is like a sheltering tree to the virtuous, an ultimate (supreme) refuge for the destitutes and a protector of the distressed. He is the only personality who deserves to be famous.

7) Definitely there is no one who doesn't feel thrilled after listening the glorious pastimes of Lord Ram. Shri Ram has been the legend of this universe, and undeclared Rastra-Purusa (national hero) in heart of all.

Śrīyah (Possesor of all wealth) :-

1)Lord Śrī Rāma is possessor of all wealth (all attractive beauty, Youngness, pure character, Dharma, riches, etc ) in full degree. He is the perfection of all pure auspicious qualities one may have.

- All attractive beauty: Shri Rama has all attractive beauty which attracts even men, then what to say about general woman-folk. Leave aside common men-women, Rama is even attraction of all attractive Lord Krishna who attracts whole world.
Just behold for one second the eternally young handsome prince Rama in his princely attire, one may forget very own self.

- He is eternally young handsome prince, even demoness have been seen falling in love with all handsome prince, isn't it?

- His character is spotless and that cany purify all kind of griveous sins a person can do.

2) Śrī Rāma is the consort of Śrī (Bhagvati Sita). So when Śrī Rāma was ruling this world, whole world transformed into Rama's world. All talks were centered around Śrī Rāma alone. While Rama was ruling, the people were engaged in virtue and lived without telling lies, without having greed, and thus totally satisfied in Rama's rule. Obviously when supreme personality himself ruled this earth, ] earth was fully satisfied. That's why all give example of Rama-Rajya (rule of Rama on this earth).

From various scriptures, it can be established that Rama's brothers : Lakshamana, Bharata and Shatrughna are none but Sesha (Sankarshana), Pradyumana, and Aniruddha (the Vyuha form of Vishnu, expansion of Vasudeva who is Rama). One may think that only Krishna is told to be Vasudeva. However, Shri Rama is also told as Vasudeva in Shri-Mad Bhagvatam Mahapurana as well as in other scriptures. Vasudeva means Maha-Vishnu as well as the primeval lord who pervades everything. In Shri Krshna-avtaar of Lord Rama, Sankarshana became the elder brother of Krishna. So only Rama-avtar shows that Rama is the onriginal personality of godhead being served by all prime forms of Vishnu.

4) Rama is not only the lord of lord Shiva, but he is the even the lord of Lord Vishnu too, that's why Shri-mad Valmiki Ramayana declares Rama being Prabhoh Prabhu (Lord of even Vishnu). The prime form of Lord Sada-Shiva is Hanuman Ji who is the best friend as well as the best servant of Lord Rama. Thus being the supreme master of all deities, Rama has complete Śrīyah. No deity or god except Lord Rama has servant like Hanuman ji and devotee like Lord Shiva. In Padma-Puran, Lord Shiva himself accepts Lord Śrī Rāma to be his only Ishta-Deva and completely surrendered in his lotus feet. Isn't Rama who has devotee like Lord Shiva and servant Like lord Hanuman, the possessor of supreme wealth?

Param-J

1) Rama has been proclaimed as Vigrahvan Dharmah means who is the embodiment of Dharma. It means Rama was the knower of the subtle form of J

nAna, How could he use his Dharma, no one can understand apart from him, thats why he is the supreme J

2) Rama had already given his words to Vibhishana and Sugreeva and even before killing Ravana or Bali, he declared them king of Lanka and Kishkindha respectively. This shows Rama had supreme control over time.

Param-Vairagya-Guna:-

The supreme personality of godhead has nature of being completely unattached towards any material desire. So Param-Vairagya Guna has been clearly seen or predominantly visible in Lord Rama alone among all his incarnations.

1) There are many instances where Rama showed his Param-Vairagya Guna like happily leaving the kingdom of Ayodhya just for keeping promise of his father towards his step mother. He left the greatest and richest kingdom on earth of that time, leaving all his luxury and comforts in just hours without any regret like a mere old cloth .

Can anyone imagine that very next morning Rama is going to be coronated as the prince (heir) of Ayodhya and even all citizens, courtiers, ministers, brothers are in favour of Rama and want to see him coronated as soon as possible but when Rama heard the wish of his step mother and the promises made earlier by his father, Rama decided without any regret to leave ayodhya to keep the promises of his father towards his step-mother. Rama sarificed all his comforts as well as throne for younger brother Bharata and decided to spend 14 years of hard life in forests as per the wish of his step mother. Definitely he could live with all luxury and comfort in Ayodhya as he was not responsible for the promises made to his step mother yet he chose to keep the promise of his father towards his step-mother. Such was the greatness of Shri Ram.

2) Shri Rama happily gifted the golden-Kingdom-Lanka to Vibhishana like a mere golden-ring and kingdom of Kishkindha to Sugreeva.

3) In whole 14 years of exile, Rama never entered in any city and always lived a life of an ascetic.

So who can show such Param-Vairagya-Guna in any other personality apart from Rama.

Thus we see all 6 qualities are full and complete in Lord Rama alone, He accepts everyone be it Human, demon, animal, bird or any living being. If Rama is not Bhagavān , then no one qualifies to be called as Bhagavān as per Sanatan-Vedic Dharma principles.

Apart from all above attributes which can be found to full degree in Bhagavān (God) alone, there is an another attribute (virtue) of Rama which makes him very unique among his all incarnations. That attribute is his pure character which makes him "Maryada Purushottam". Apart from Rama, no one can hold the title of being "Maryada Purushottama".

Maryada-purushottama

Shri Rama is famous for one word (keeping his promoises at any cost), one arrow (Rama-Baan, the infalliable weapon of Rama which can eliminate anyone) and one wife (ek-patni Vrata i.e. devoted towards one wife only). Rama was the king of the greatest empire of that era and that time it was a custom among kings to keep many wives in their palace. Even Rama could have married many princess, but Rama was solely devoted to his consort Sita alone. Such pure character of being Ek-Patni-Vrata (devoted to one wife even in dreams) can't be found in any other personality of any other incarnation of Shri Rama as only Shri Rama has established the highest form of Dharma. In other words, one can say "Whatever Rama did, it became the highest form of Dharma".

Shri Rama never ever spoke any lie. He never cheated any man or woman. If someone has no character then how can one claim that he is protector of Dharma? Whatever Shri Rama promised to someone, he delivered it. Shri Rama never ever thought of any second thing if someone is weak (Sugriva) or a demon (Vibhishana) before giving protection to a person when someone asked his refuge be it man, woman, god, demon, animal or any living being. Only supreme being can give full protection from all types of fears. Such combination of all pure qualities and pure character can be found only in Shri Rama, and thus only he is eligible to be called as Bhagavān, the original personality of godhead.

Śrī Rāmāvtāra ( श्री रामावतार : Śrī Rāma, The most superior)

Lord Ramachandra / Rama has innumerous incarnations, and of which ten are upheld as major incarnations, they are:-

1. MatsyAvatAra
2. KoormAvatAra
3. VArAhAvatAra
4. NrisimhAvatAra
5. VAmanAvatAra
6. ParashurAmAvatar
7. Srimad RAmachandra
8. Sri KrishNAvatAra
9. BaudhhAvata
10. Kalki AvatAra

Lord Rama is original source of all Avtaara-s (incarnations of Lord Hari) and He is himself Supreme Personality, known as Purusa in Veda-s who is always situated in original ultimate form of Śrī Rāma-Rupa in the divine spiritual planet Saketa (Ayodhya) which is full of Supreme bliss of Brahman i.e. BrahmAnanda.

Out of infinite incarnations or major 10 incarnations, there are 3 Poorna-avtaar-s ( पूर्णावतार ) or Purna-Brahman.
Those 3 Poorna-Avtaar of Bhagavān Ram are:
1) NrisimhAvtAra (Narsimha Avtar)
2) Shri RamAvtAra (Shri-Mad RAmachandra)
3) Shri KrishnAvtAra (Krishna)

Out of aforementioned 3 PoornAvtAra-s ( पूर्णावतार ), both Shri Rama and Shri Krishna are glorified as Sarva-Karan-Karanam (means the cause of all cause) and Swayam-Bhagavān (God himself) in Vedic-scriptures. Thus these two are more perfect than NrisimhAvtara (Half man-lion incarnation). So both, Shri Rama and Shri Krishna are known as Purtamam-Brahman ( पूर्णतमम् ब्रह्म ), superior than Purn-Brahman ( पूर्ण-ब्रह्म ).

So Purntamam-ParaBrahman ( पूर्णतमम् परमब्रह्म ) are :
1) Shri RAma
2) Shri Krishna

Out of above two Purtamam-Brahman, in all vedic- scriptures only one personality i.e. Shri Rama alone is glorified as Hero (means the real original Purusa) who has never shown his back to his enemies as Shri Rama has complete Valour to infinite degree. Complete Valour to infinite degree is one of the six qualities on basis of which we know who is Bhagavān.

Thus Paripurntamam-ParaBrahman ( परिपूर्णतमम् परमब्रह्म ), the original Purusa or supreme personality of godhead is
1) Shri Rama

Thats why Valmiki-Ramayana declares Rama to be Ishta-Deva of all worlds (iShta sarvasya Lokasya Ramah, इष्ट: सर्वस्य लोकस्य रामः ). There is also another kind of speciality with Lord Rama alone that his name "Rama" is said to be Para-Brahman itself in Vedic scriptures. This kind of speciality is never found to be associated with any other personality.

Shri Krishna is called to be Krishna because he is all attractive supreme personality, who attracts everyone. But Shri Rama is the personality who not only attracts everyone by his natural beauty but he is so much exceedingly attractive that even Krishna is found to be attracted towards Lord Rama. Shri Krishna himself accepts this fact in BrahmAnda-PurAna.

Our Vedic scriptures say "there is no one even equal to Rama so what to talk of anyone being superior to him."

नेदं यशो रघुपतेः सुरयाच्ञयाऽऽत्त-लीलातनोरधिक-साम्य-विमुक्त-धाम्नः
रक्षो-वधो जलधि-बन्धनं अस्त्र-पूगैः किं तस्य शत्रु-हनने कपयः सहायाः ।।

nedaḿ yaśo raghupateḥ sura-yācñayātta-
līlā-tanor adhika-sāmya-vimukta-dhāmnaḥ
rakṣo-vadho jaladhi-bandhanam astra-pūgaiḥ
kiḿ tasya śatru-hanane kapayaḥ sahāyāḥ

Killing of demons (Rāvaṇa, Kumbhakarna, etc) with bow and arrows, or building a bridge over the ocean does not constitute the factual glory of the Supreme Personality of Godhead Lord Rāma, whose spiritual body is always engaged in various pastimes. There is no one even equal to Lord Rāma, so there is no question of anyone being superior to him, and therefore He [to such a supreme lord who has no equal or superior] had no need to take help from the monkeys to gain victory over demon Rāvaṇa. [So if someone says even Supreme lord Rama needed help of monkeys such as Sugriva, Angad, Hanumana, etc then it is utter foolishness, nothing else.] (- Shri-Mad BhAgvat MahapurAna 9-11-20)

Brahmā-Viṣṇu-Shiva are mere parts of Śrī Rāma

ब्रह्मविष्णुमहेशाद्या यस्यांशा लोकसाधका: ।
तमादिदेवं श्रीरामं विशुद्धं परमं भजे ।।
(स्कन्द पुराण , उत्तर खंड ,
रामायण महात्म्य प्रथमोध्याय -३ )

brahmaviṣṇumahēśādyā yasyāṃśā lōkasādhakā: ।
tamādidēvaṃ śrīrāmaṃ viśuddhaṃ paramaṃ bhajē ।।
(skanda purāṇa , uttara khaṃḍa ,
rāmāyaṇa mahātmya prathamōdhyāya -3 )

Salutations to that Rama who is the most superior, the primeval lord of universe, and free from all the vices. Brahman (Brahm), Viṣṇu (VishNu) and Mahesa (Shiva) who are sustainer of the world, are just parts of Lord (Śrī) Rāma . (- Skanda Puran, Uttar Khand, RamayaNa MahAtmya, 1.3)

ब्रह्मविष्णुमहेशाद्या यस्यांशा लोकसाधका: ।
तं रामं सच्चिदानन्दं नित्यं रासेश्वरं भजे ।।
(हनुमत-संहिता)

brahmaviṣṇumahēśādyā yasyāṃśā lōkasādhakā: ।
taṃ rāmaṃ saccidānandaṃ nityaṃ rāsēśvaraṃ bhajē ।।
(hanumata-saṃhitā)

Param-Bhāgavat Shri Hanumān says "I worship all times Lord Śrī Rāma, who is eternal and who is very form of Sat 'Existence', Cit 'Consciousness' and Ananda 'Bliss'. Śrī Rāma is an expert in the rāsa leelā, the dance practiced by cowherds, Krishna and gopis. His parts are Brahman (Brahm), Viṣṇu (VishNu) and Mahesa who are the sustainers of the world.

Ram manifested himself as VishNu

He is Śrī Rāma who transformed himself as Vishnu in starting of the creation.

सर्वावतारी भगवान् रामश्चतुर्भुजोऽभवत् ।। [कोशल-खंड ]

sarvāvatārī bhagavān rāmaścaturbhujō'bhavat ।। [kōśala-khaṃḍa ]

Lord Śrī Rāma, the original source of all the other incarnations, transformed himself in his four-armed form of Vishnu!!

सर्वे अवतारा श्री राम नाम शक्ति समुद्भवाः | [स्कन्द-पुराण ]

sarvē avatārā śrī rāma nāma śakti samudbhavāḥ | [skanda-purāṇa]

Lord Shiva tells Pārvati: All incarnations of Lord Hari are originated from Śrī Rām Naam.

(Ram Naam is itself Parambrahman and there is no difference between Lord Shri Ram and his name.- Padma-Purana)

सर्वेषामवताराणामवतारी रघूत्तम: ।
रामपादनखज्योत्स्ना परब्रह्मेति गीयते ।।
[अगस्त्य-संहिता]

sarvēṣāmavatārāṇāmavatārī raghūttama: ।
rāmapādanakhajyōtsnā parabrahmēti gīyatē ।।
[agastya-saṃhitā]

Lord Śrī Rāma, the best among the Raghus, is the original personality of Godhead, among all the incarnations and the moonlight coming from the nails of Śrī Rāma's feet is praised as Parabrahman by the scriptures.

Now as Lord Rama is the original godhead among all incarnations, Śrī Rāma's Paratva ( परत्व Supremacy over other forms of Brahman) is also more evident from the words of scriptures that Lord Rama has two arms in his eternal form residing in his supreme abode Saket-Loka and supreme Purusa of Veda-s is described as two armed Para-Brahman (i.e. Lord Śrī Rāma).

ययौ तथा महाशम्भू रामलोकमगोचरम् ।
तत्र गत्वा महाशम्भू राघवं नित्यविग्रहम् ।।
ददर्श परमात्मानं समासीनं मया सह ।
सर्वशक्तिकलानाथं द्विभुजं रघुनन्दनम् ।।
द्विभुजाद्राघवान्नित्यात्सर्वमेतत्प्रवर्तते ।
[ सुन्दरीतन्त्र]

yayau tathā mahāśambhū rāmalōkamagōcaram ।
tatra gatvā mahāśambhū rāghavaṃ nityavigraham ।।
dadarśa paramātmānaṃ samāsīnaṃ mayā saha ।
sarvaśaktikalānāthaṃ dvibhujaṃ raghunandanam ।।
dvibhujādrāghavānnityātsarvamētatpravartatē ।
[ sundarītantra]

The Maha-Siva went to the abode of Śrī Rāma i.e. Saket loka, which is beyond the reach of sensual organs. Reaching there the great Siva found Raghava (Lord Rama) the supreme soul possessed of eternal body. Śrī Rāma who is the lord of all kinds of power, was seated along with me ( Sita ). This entire universe is activated by the prowess of eternal Raghava (Lord Rama), with two arms.

स्थूलं चाष्टभुजं प्रोक्तं सूक्ष्मं चैव चतुर्भुजम् ।
परं च द्विभुजं रूपं तस्मादेतत्त्रयं यजेत् ।
[आनंद संहिता ]

sthūlaṃ cāṣṭabhujaṃ prōktaṃ sūkṣmaṃ caiva caturbhujam ।
paraṃ ca dvibhujaṃ rūpaṃ tasmādētattrayaṃ yajēt ।
[ānaṃda saṃhitā ]

Sthula-Brahman is the god with eight arms (i.e. 8 armed Vishnu) and is visible, but the form of Vishnu who has 4-arms is subtle i.e. He is Sukshma-Brahman but the God who is of two-armed (i.e. Lord Ram in his eternal form), is the most superior (परं च द्विभुजं रूपं). Therefore, one should worship the god endowed with the assemblage of three forms

Same Lord Śrī Rāma transformed himself into various forms and also into 4 armed Vishnu for sustenance of the universe. There is none in whole universe who is beyond Lord Śrī Rāma. Lord Śrī Rāma is higher than even the highest which means Śrī Rāma is the only person (Purusa) who is superior than himself.

So lord Śrī Rāma comes himself in Treta-Yuga in his original Swayam-Rupa i.e. ultimate form of Para-Brahman, while in various incarnations he assumes different forms like of Matsya (divine fish), Varaha (divine boar), Narsimha (half man-half lion), Krishna etc.

Of the various avatar, Sri RAmavatara is unique and highly glorious. While the earlier avatars only served a limited purpose, namely subduing the wicked and protecting the good, the main purpose of Ramavatara is Dharma -Samsthapana. Its uniqueness lies in the fact that the Lord chose the role of a man - an ideal human. The glory of the Ramavatar is the demonstration that the dharmic way of life could be lived by all in thought, word and deed, under all conditions and circumstances.

This has been achieved by Lord Rama in this descent by becoming the son of King Dasaratha.

“वेदवेद्ये परेपुंसि जाते दशरथात्मजे ।
वेदः प्राचेतसादासीत् साक्षाद् रामायणात्मना ।।
तस्माद्रामायणं देवि! वेद एव न संशयः ।।"
- अगस्त्य संहिता
- मंगलाचरण, श्रीमद वाल्मीकि रामायण

“vēdavēdyē parēpuṃsi jātē daśarathātmajē ।
vēdaḥ prācētasādāsīt sākṣād rāmāyaṇātmanā ।।
tasmādrāmāyaṇaṃ dēvi! vēda ēva na saṃśayaḥ ।।"
- agastya saṃhitā
- maṃgalācaraṇa, śrīmada vālmīki rāmāyaṇa

Supreme being is known through only Vedas. When that Supreme being born as son of Dasratha (Śrī Rāma) in Ayodhya, that time all Vedas manifested themselves through the mouth of sage Valmiki, the son of sage Prachetus, directly as the Ramayana.
Therefore O' Devi, there is no doubt that Ramayana is Vedas itself.

"When the Supreme Lord who is sought after and proclaimed by the Vedas was born as the son of Dasaratha, the Vedas became the Ramayana. The Ramayana is Vedas in action".


Lord Śrī Rāma is himself the original Source of All Avtaara-s..

Those all Avtara-s of Lord Śrī Rāma make salutations to him in Saket Loka.


In Aadi-Ramayana, Lord Hanumana says to Garuda:-

Lord Śrī Rāma of Ayodhya is the God of all the Gods ( देवदेवेश ) . Lord Krishna and other incarnations are just Amsha-Avatara-s ( अंशावताराः कृष्ण: the plenary portions) of Lord Śrī Rāma, those all innumerable (ह्यसंख्यका) incarnations (Krishna, Varaha etc or thousand of Krishna-s too as said by other scriptures) always do salutations (प्रणमन्ति) in Lotus feet of Lord Ram. I don't Know any other Supreme being, the God of all the Gods other than that Lord Ram. All the innumerable incarnations are originated from Lord Ram alone.

Then Garuda asks:- Are all Amsha-Avatara-s like Bala-Rama and Krishna etc eternal?

Again Brihad.Brahm-Samhita says same thing that many incarnations of Shri-Hari make salutations to Supreme Purusa of Veda-s i.e. Lord Rama.

तस्मिन्साकेतलोके विधिहरहरिभि: सन्ततं ,
सेव्यमाने दिव्ये सिंहासने स्वे जनकतनयया राघव: शोभमान:
युक्तो मत्स्यैरनेकै: करिभिरपि तथा नारसिंहैरनन्तै:
कूर्मै: श्रीनन्दनन्दैर्हयगलहरिभिर्नित्यमाज्ञोन्मुखैश्च ।।
यज्ञ: केशववामनौ नरवरो नारायणो धर्मज:
श्रीकृष्णो हलधृक् तथा मधुरिपु: श्रीवासुदेवो ऽपर: ।
एते नैकविधा महेन्द्रविधयो दुर्गादय: कोटिश:
श्रीरामस्य पुरो निदेशसुमुखा नित्यास्तदीये पदे ।।
इत्यादीनि बृहद्ब्रह्मसंहितावचनानि सङ्गच्छन्ते ।
अत्र नन्दनन्दनशब्द: नन्दं नन्दयति विविधोक्त्या शोकत्याजनाद्वर्धयतीति मथुरानिवासिपर: ।
श्रीकृष्णशब्दो द्वारकानिवासिपर इति न विरोध: ।

tasmin sākētalōkē vidhi-hara-haribhih santataṃ ,
sēvyamānē divyē siṃhāsanē svē janaka-tanayayā rāghavah śōbhamānah
yuktō matsyair-anēkaih karibhirapi tathā nārasiṃhair-anantaih
kūrmaih śrīnandanandai-haya-gala-haribhir-nityam-ājñōn-mukhaiśca ।।
yajñah kēśava-vāmanau naravarō nārāyaṇō dharmajah
śrīkṛṣṇō haladhṛk tathā madhuripuh śrīvāsudēvō 'parah ।
ētē naikavidhā mahēndravidhayō durgādayah kōṭiśah
śrīrāmasya purō nidēśasumukhā nityāstadīyē padē ।।
ityādīni bṛhadbrahmasaṃhitāvacanāni saṅgacchantē ।
atra nandanandana-śabdah nandaṃ nandayati vividhōktyā
śōkatyājanādvardhayatīti mathurā-nivāsiparah ।
śrīkṛṣṇaśabdō dvārakā-nivāsipara iti na virōdhah ।

"RAghava (Śrī Rāma) shines with SitA on the divine throne in world of SAketa (AyodhyA) where BrahmA, Shiva and Vishnu constantly worship him. He (Lord Rāma) is surrounded by many divine fish incarnations, monkeys and also by plentitude of the Narasimhas or Narasimha incarnations, tortoise incarnations, and sons of Sri Nanda, i.e Sri Krishna, Haya, Gala, and Hari. They all are eager to receive the orders of Lord Rama. Keshava, Vamana the foremost persons, Narayana, Yudhisthira, Shri Krishna, Haladhrik BalaRAma and VAsudeva, the enemy of the demon Madhu as well as various kinds of Mahendras and millions of Goddess Durgas, eager for advice, remain always in front of Sri RAma (Śrī Rāma) near His feet" . Here, the epithet Nanda-nandana signifies that form of Lord Krishna, who delights Nanda and dwells in MathurA, while Sri Krisna refers to the one who resides in DwArika.

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Lord Rama - The Lord Of Virtue - History

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Rama, one of the most widely worshipped Hindu deities, the embodiment of chivalry and virtue. Although there are three Ramas mentioned in Indian tradition—Parashurama, Balarama, and Ramachandra—the name is specifically associated with Ramachandra, the seventh incarnation (avatar) of Vishnu. His story is told briefly in the Mahabharata (“Great Epic of the Bharata Dynasty”) and at great length in the Ramayana (“Rama’s Journey”).

References to Rama as an incarnation of Vishnu appear in the early centuries ce . There was, however, probably no special worship of him before the 11th century, and it was not until the 14th and 15th centuries that distinct sects appeared venerating him as the supreme god (notably that of the followers of the Brahman Ramananda). Rama’s popularity was increased greatly by the retelling of the Sanskrit epics in the vernaculars, such as Tulsidas’s celebrated Hindi version, the Ramcharitmanas (“Sacred Lake of the Acts of Rama”), and the Tamil Ramayana by Kampan as well as innumerable oral variants and dance dramas.

Rama and Krishna (also an incarnation of Vishnu) were the two most-popular recipients of adoration from the bhakti (devotional) groups that swept the country during that time. Whereas Krishna is adored for his mischievous pranks and amorous dalliances, Rama is conceived as a model of reason, right action, and desirable virtues. Temples to Rama faced by shrines to his monkey devotee Hanuman are widespread throughout India. Rama’s name is a popular form of greeting among friends (“Ram! Ram!”), and Rama is the deity most invoked at death.

In sculpture, Rama is represented as a standing figure, holding an arrow in his right hand and a bow in his left. His image in a shrine or temple is almost invariably attended by figures of his wife, Sita, his favourite half brother, Lakshmana, and Hanuman. In painting, he is depicted dark in colour (indicating his affinity with Vishnu), with princely adornments and the kirita-makuta (tall conical cap) on his head indicating his royal status. Rama’s exploits were depicted with great sympathy by the Rajasthani and Pahari schools of painting in the 17th and 18th centuries.


Radhanath Swami

Each morning at Rama Sevaka Swami’s ashram, five sadhus gathered to hear Ramayana, the story of Lord Rama. Richard (now Radhanath Swami) could understand only a few words here and there but Narayan Prasad promised Richard that he would translate whatever was spoken after the session. For three hours, the sadhus sat in rapt attention as emotions flooded their hearts. Sometimes they shook in laughter other times they wept with joy or sorrow. Still, at other times they sat motionless in suspense, fear, and wonder. Richard was starving to hear the story that affected them so much. Narayan Prasad translated by narrating a story of Lord Krishna stealing butter. For three consecutive days Narayan Prasad translated only this story, and Richard was upset that although in the narration only Lord Rama’s names and His associates were mentioned, Narayan Prasad was instead speaking only Krishna’s stories. Seeing Richard (now Radhanath Swami)’ desperation, Narayan Prasad revealed the secret that his guru Rama Sevaka Swami had told him that Lord Rama had appeared in his dream and told him that this boy (Richard (now Radhanath Swami) ) would later become a Krishna devotee, although he isn’t aware of that now. In due course of time that will be revealed to him. Therefore Lord Rama forbade Rama Sevaka Swami from narrating these pastimes.

Although Lord Rama and Lord Krishna are same, there is a difference in the form in which they appeared, and the historical time at which they appeared. Rama, the perfect incarnation of God is an all-time favorite among Hindu deities. The most popular symbol of chivalry and virtue, Rama – in the words of Radhanath Swami, in his autobiography, ‘The Journey Home’- is “the embodiment of truth, of morality, the ideal son, the ideal husband, and above all, the ideal king.” Rama is seen as an archetype of righteousness and the most sought-after virtues in life. Rama is said to have taken birth on earth to annihilate the evil forces of the age. He is widely believed to be an actual historical figure whose exploits form the great Hindu epic of Ramayana or The Story of Rama, written by the ancient Sanskrit poet Valmiki.

Lord Rama is most often represented as a standing figure, with an arrow in his right hand, a bow in his left and a quiver on his back. A Rama statue is also usually accompanied by those of his wife Sita, brother Lakshmana, and the legendary monkey attendant Hanuman. He is depicted in princely adornments with a ’tilak’ or mark on the forehead, and as having a dark, almost greenish complexion.

Although some wrongly informed people would like to believe that Lord Rama and Ramayana are mythological, the first Governor General of India, Sri Rajaji, wrote on the Ramayana and called it a history, as also did the English Indologist Sir William Jones. Various renowned western authors such as Philip Lutgendorf, Ann Arbor, W. L. Smith and others have made a study of the culture and history of the Ramayana, and accepted Lord Rama as real. There are also numerous places like Ramesvaram, Nasik, and Hampi, besides hundreds of other places that are indicated as the locations where various events happened in reference to the pastimes of Lord Rama and Sita. These places still exist and Radhanath Swami often takes a group of interested seekers on a retreat to these holy places.

The Ramayana is also geographically very correct. Every site on Rama’s route is still identifiable and has continuing traditions or temples to commemorate Rama’s visit. Around 1000 BC or earlier, no writer had the means to travel around the country inventing a story, fitting it into local folklore and building temples for greater credibility. In 1975 the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) unearthed fourteen pillar bases of kasauti stone with Hindu motifs near the mosque at Ayodhya reports of the excavations are available with the ASI. In 249 BC, Ashoka erected a pillar in Lumbini with an inscription referring to the visit by Rama. Ashoka was much nearer in time to Rama and would be well aware of his facts.

On hearing that he is destined to be a Krishna devotee, Richard (now Radhanath Swami) dismissed this idea because he couldn’t grasp what he had heard about his worshipping Krishna. Richard was all set to return to the Himalayas.


Lord Rama - The Lord Of Virtue - History

Śrī Rāma (श्रीराम)
First the question arises: who is Śrī Rāma?

When we say 'RAma' (Śrī Rāma), then it means we are talking about the most perfect incarnation of God or God himself in human form as a Young charming prince of Ayodhya or the Supreme personality of godhead. Madhvacharya says — "Ram literally means the supreme bliss, Ram means the 'Brahman' (the absolute, the supreme element) as well as Ishwara (the god with form) Both". In simple words Ram is the supreme cosmic spirit, all pervading, the embodiment of all souls and thus the ultimate consciousness. And as Ishwara ( denoted by Shri Ram the qualified Brahman with infinite attributes i.e. Śrī Rāma with form), he is mine of infinite auspicious qualities, the original source of supreme bliss, the original cause of all the causes, the supreme refuge of all Jivas (individual souls) and hence the subject of worship for all Jivas. Thus, Ishwara ShrI Ram is Parambrahman endowed with infinite auspicious qualities. Shri Ram (Ishwara, supreme personality, the consort of Sita) is one and Jivas are many, Shri Ram is self-dependent and all Jivas are dependent. The triad of Ishvara along with the universe and the sentient beings is Brahman (the supreme, the absolute), which signifies the completeness of existence.

Since Ishwara is the subject of worship for all Jivas, to be loved most, so Ram as the Lord of Ayodhya, the supreme personality unto whom one should take refuge should be the subject of worship by all, and the main focus here.

In whole world people know about Lord Rama, the prince of Ayodhya (a place in India) and his saga 'Ramayana'. Shri Rama is on the lips of every man, woman, child in the sacred land of Bharatvarsha (India), not only because he is god himself but most prominently as an ideal hero, the role model for everyone in true sense and hence he is popularly known as Maryada Purushottama (the best among men).

Lord Rama is the supreme Purusa, the Supreme personality of godhead eulogized by all Vedic-scriptures in one voice.

राम त्वं परमात्मसि सच्चिदानन्दविग्रहः॥
इदानीं त्वां रघुश्रेष्ठ प्रणमामि मुहुर्मुहुः।
(शुक्लयजुर्वेदीय मुक्तिकोपनिषद् 1/4,5क)

rāma tvaṃ paramātmasi saccidānandavigrahaḥ ॥
idānīṃ tvāṃ raghuśrēṣṭha praṇamāmi muhurmuhuḥ ।
(śuklayajurvēdīya muktikōpaniṣad 1.4,5 a)

“O' Śrī Rāma! You are the Supreme Being, The Parambrahman, of the nature Sat (real, eternal), Chit (consciousness) and Ananda (bliss)! I pay my obeisance in your lotus feet again and again.” (-Muktika Upanishada 1/4,5a)

In words of Vedavatar Shrimad Valmiki Ramayana — Shri Ram is the sun of sun (Maha-Surya), the fire of fire, the god of god, the supreme unchanging element, perfect, omniscient, omnipresent, incorporeal, supremely independent, the ruler of even those who govern all, Prabhoh-Prabhu, the eternal Maha-VishNu, the supreme Paratpar (higher than the highest) Brahman. So everything exists in Sri Ram, and Sri Ram pervades everything. He is Ishwara as well as Brahman itself. 'Rama' means Brahman, and 'Ram' means Ishwara.

Śrī Rāma (श्रीराम) , the Purushottama

Lord Rāma is known as Purushottama which means the best of men or the Supreme Purusa (personality).

Śrī Rāma, the perfect Avatar (incarnation) of the Supreme omnipresent God, is an all-time favorite among Hindu deities. The most popular symbol of chivalry and virtue, Śrī Rāma - in the words of Swami Vivekananda - is "the embodiment of truth, of morality, the ideal son, the ideal husband, and above all, the ideal king."

Shukracharya, a great devotee of lord in his Shukra-neeti has said the same:-

न रामसदृशो राजा पृथिव्यां नीतिमानभूत् ॥
सुभृत्यता तु यन्नीत्या वानरैरपि स्वीकृता ।
[शुक्रनीतिः ५.४४ख,४५क]

na Rāmasadṛśō rājā pṛthivyāṃ nītimānabhūt ॥
subhṛtyatā tu yannītyā vānarairapi svīkṛtā ।
[śukranītiḥ 5.44kha,45ka]

“On this earth, neither before (in past) nor after (in future) there would be a King as Neetiman (statecraft, paragon of virtuosity, nobility, principled) like Sri Rama by his virtuosity, (let alone human) even monkeys (which are thought to be uncivilized) gladly became his servants for forever (i.e. they gladly accepted Sri Rama as their eternal King)!” .

What a charm Shri Rama has, His captivating look and charm made millions of (seemingly uncontrollable) monkeys being controlled, and clung around him, that too without any effort!

Here is one of the excellent declarations about Sri Ram in Valmiki Ramayana:-

रामो विग्रहवान् धर्मः साधुः सत्यपराक्रमः।
राजा सर्वस्य लोकस्य देवानामिव वासवः॥
[ वाल्मीकि रामायण ३.३७.१३]

rāmō vigrahavān dharmaḥ sādhuḥ satyaparākramaḥ।
rājā sarvasya lōkasya dēvānāmiva vāsavaḥ॥
[ vālmīki rāmāyaṇa 3.37.13]

“Shri Rama is the embodiment of righteousness, he is sadhu (noble, equable person) with truthfulness as his valour and as Indra to all gods, he (Lord Rama) is the king of the entire world.”

Anyone can find the tale of Śrī Rāma and his life in Ramayana, which is known as the first epic poem in whole world, written by sage Valmiki.

Śrī Rāma, the all attractive personality

चन्द्रकान्ताननं राममतीव प्रियदर्शनम् ॥
रूपौदार्यगुणैः पुंसां दिष्टिचित्तापहारिणम् ॥
[वाल्मीकि रामायण २.३.२८ख-२९क]

candrakāntānanaṃ rāmamatīva priyadarśanam ॥
rūpaudāryaguṇaiḥ puṃsāṃ diṣṭicittāpahāriṇam ॥
[vālmīki rāmāyaṇa 2.3.28B-29A]

“With a moon-like face, Śrī Rāma is an extreme delight to look at. By His form (रूप), qualities (गुणैः) and generosity He steals the eyes (vision) and hearts of even men! (What about women? What a futile question!)”

Shri Rama is so beautiful, so attractive that both young and old women pray devoutly for illustrious Rama. His charming eyebrows, red-lotus eyes, his broad chest, and his everything else, all are captivating!

सुभ्रूरायतताम्राक्ष्हस्साक्ष्हाद्विष्णुरिव स्वयम्॥
रामो लोकाभिरामोऽयं शौर्यवीर्यपराक्रमैः।
[वाल्मीकि रामायण २.२.४३ख, ४४क]

subhrūrāyatatāmrākṣhassākṣhādviṣṇuriva svayam॥
rāmō lōkābhirāmō'yaṃ śauryavīryaparākramaiḥ।
[Vālmīki Rāmāyaṇa 2.2.43b, 44a]

“Śrī Rāma, who enchants all in all the worlds, has beautiful eyebrows. He has red and broad eyes. He is absolutely like the Mahā-Viṣṇu himself in strength, heroism and valour ”.

स्त्रियो वृद्धास्तरुण्यश्च सायं प्रातः समाहिताः ।
सर्वान् देवान् नमस्यन्ति रामस्यार्थे यशस्विनः॥
[वाल्मीकि रामायण २.२.५२]

striyō vṛddhāstaruṇyaśca sāyaṃ prātaḥ samāhitāḥ ।
sarvān dēvān namasyanti rāmasyārthē yaśasvinaḥ॥
[vālmīki rāmāyaṇa 2.2.52]

Both young and aged women prays devoutly invoking at dusk and at dawn (each morning and evening to) all the gods, for the sake of illustrious Rama”.

Be it Naam (name, नाम) or form (रूपं), or Leela (exploits or pastimes, लीला ) or Abode (धाम) of Lord Rama, it is higher than the highest (ParatPar, परात्परम् ).

Shri Ram is the most attractive, the most beautiful, the most virtuous, the most Valiant, the most compassionate, the most merciful, the most fit to be taken shelter of in all the worlds, the supreme refuge for everyone, the Dharma-personified (the embodiment of Dharma), the protector of whoever surrenders to him and his people, the most truthful, the possessor of the most beautiful and noble character and extremely mild disposition, and the mine of infinite auspicious qualities. If the word Purushottama becomes real in anyone, then he is Sri Rama alone! Is there any such hero like Shri Ram? Simple answer is No. No other personality or divinity can come close to Shri Ram in any manner he is the culmination of all the best virtues and qualities.

All divine transcendental qualities are found to the full extent in Śrī Rāma alone, and those all divine qualities collectively can't be found to the full degree in anyone else except Paratpar Brahman (Paripurntamam Bhagavan). No one can be as much beautiful or attractive as like Supreme personality of Godhead Śrī Rāma. The all attractive transcendental beauty of Lord Rama is just matchless. Similarly divinity & matchless-glory of his name "RAma" is incomparable to any other name of God.

रामस्य नाम रूपं च लीला धाम परात्परम्।
एतच्चतुष्टयं नित्यं सच्चिदानन्दविग्रहम्॥
[वशिष्ठ संहिता]

rāmasya nāma rūpaṃ ca līlā dhāma parātparam।
ētaccatuṣṭayaṃ nityaṃ saccidānandavigraham॥
[vaśiṣṭha saṃhitā]

“Śrī Rāma’s name, form, Liilaa (pastimes) and abode are all Suprememly divine, higher than the highest (परात्परम्) and sat-chit-aananda-vigrah, the very manifestations of truth, conciousness and bliss!”

Valmiki Ramayana which is the primary source to know about Śrī Rāma and his story, says that all attractive Śrī Rāma is none other than the most superior God, also known as Maha-Vishnu or Maha-Surya or Maha-Shakti.

Śrī Rāma, the ultimate refuge for all

Lord Rāma is the only personality who desrves to be famous in whole universe. Only he has been glorified as hero or say Purusa in all Vedic scriptures. Śrī Rāma is the ultimate refuge for all Jiva-s (souls), only he should be worshiped by all in universe. This is the clear declaration of Shabd-Prmana from self-sufficient authority Shri Valmiki-Ramayana.

निवासवृक्षः साधूनामापन्नानां परा गतिः।
आर्तानां संश्रयश्चैव यशसश्चैकभाजनम्॥
[ वाल्मीकि रामायण ४.१५.१९]

nivāsavṛkṣaḥ sādhūnāmāpannānāṃ parā gatiḥ।
ārtānāṃ saṃśrayaścaiva yaśasaścaikabhājanam॥
[ vālmīki rāmāyaṇa 4.15.19]

“He is like a sheltering tree to the virtuous, he is the ultimate (supreme) refuge for the destitutes and a protector of the distressed. He is the only personality who deserves to be famous”.

द्विश्शरं नाभिसन्द्धत्ते द्विःस्थापयति नाश्रितान्।
द्विर्ददाति न चार्थिभ्यो रामो द्विर्नाभिभाषते ॥
(श्रीहनुमन्नाटक)

dviśśaraṃ nābhisanddhattē dviḥsthāpayati nāśritān।
dvirdadāti na cārthibhyō rāmō dvirnābhibhāṣatē ॥
(Śrīhanumannāṭaka)

Bhagavan Śrī Rāma says to Parashu-Rāma: “Rāma never aims his arrow twice! (means 'in one go, he can destroy his enemy or target completely') , Rāma doesn't establishes his Ashritas (those who are completely dependent on him) twice! (means 'He gives Abhayam [complete fearlessness, makes one completely free from all fear, worries, and anxiety etc] to his dependents, no god can depose his Ashritas once installed by Rāma) , Rāma doesn’t give twice to any seeker! (means Rāma bestows so much in first seeking itself that seeker doesn’t need to look anywhere else thereafter!) , Rāma never speaks anything twice! (What is said is said. No one in entire cosmos can change that!) ”.

In Sharanya (to whom one should take refuge), these two qualities must be present as per Bhagavad Ramanuja
1. He should be able to maintain, sustain and protect Those who come in his refuge!
2. He could fulfill the desires and wishes of his dependent!
And thus, Rama has all these qualities in full, he gives ultimate protection and fulfill all desires and wishes of those who comes in his refuge!

Lord Rama is known by various others names like Raghav, Ramachandra, Ramabhadra, Rajivalochan, Rajivanayan, etc, all these other names of Shri Rama are also greater than all the Vedas, Yet his eternal and the most superior, the most divine and beautiful name is 'Rama' ( राम ).

Shri Ram, the complete Personality

In beginning of Shri Valmiki Ramayana, Sage Valmiki enquired with Narada about the personality with 16 attributes [i.e shodash-kala-Purusha].

Then Divine sage Narada thought for a while in his heart and said to the best of sages Valmiki, 'the qualities You have asked for are extremely rare and unattainable to be found all simultaneously in one Person, Yet there is one personality in world in whom all these rare qualities are found, he is renowned by the name 'Rama' in the world.' And then divine sage enumerated some of the innumerable qualities of Shri Rama which can be grouped broadly in following three categories as below. In fact, in the cosmic hero to be adored (and fit to be taken refuge) by all, following features should be present :-

1) Param-Aishvarya (Supreme Lordship): The universal hero should be Param-aishwaryavAn (means the one having supreme Lordship), the one Lord of all beings.

The qualities of Shri Rama such as samarthah (All-capable, capable of doing everything), MahAvIryO (of incomprehensible prowess), dyutimAn (self-resplendent), bibhyati devAh (from whom even gods fear, let alone foes, when exited to wrath), vashii (supreme controller of everything), Rakshita-Jivalokasya (the protector of all living beings), dhaataa (the sustainer of all the worlds), etc shows his Param-Aishwarya (supreme Lordship).

* 'bibhyati devAh - from whom even gods fear, let alone foes, when he is excited to wrath' is for telling his Param-Aishwarya over all others. It doesn't mean Shri Rama causes fear to others, in fact Shri Rama is the delight to all in all the worlds, He is very Saral (gentle, soft, tender, simple) and Saumya (calm, pleasing, tranquil), whose full-moon like countenance constantly drips nectarine bliss to whole world. He is equal to mother earth in forbearance and forgiveness, and doesn't remember anyone's fault [ansuyakaH] or any number of bad things done to him. Yet, certainly they would have to fear who wish to do bad to his devotees, be it anyone, even gods. Even though he has equal disposition towards all [sarva-samaH], still to uphold the rule of love, to protect his devotee(s), he shows anger in which he can become the cosmic-fire, or Narasimha (man-lion incarnation), the death of even death, then even gods fear from him to give shelter to the offender of his dear ones (devotees). This is the reliable feature for the adherers of Shri Rama who seek refuge in him that Shri Rama loves them so much.

Shri Rama has done the most solemn pledge in Valmiki Ramayana as an assurance to all - “He who seeks refuge in me telling just once 'I am Yours. Oh Rama!' then I give him Abhayam (i.e. complete fearlessness, another meaning of Abhayam is liberation , as in liberation alone a Jiva is completely free from all fears, worries and anxiety) from all types of beings”.

साहिब होत सरोष सेवक को अपराध सुनि ।
अपने देखे दोष सपनेहूँ राम न उर धरे ॥
(दोहावली)

sāhiba hōta sarōṣa sēvaka kō aparādha suni ।
apanē dēkhē dōṣa sapanēhūm̐ rāma na ura dharē ॥
(dōhāvalī)

“Ordinary Lords of the world get angry just by listening to some fault on the part of their servants (they do not even bother to verify it) But Rama never even in dreams, took to heart even those faults (of His devotees), which He himself had been witness to.

2) Param-Madhurya - The qualities of Shri Rama such as sadaik-PriyadarshanaH (who gives constant delight to everyone by his look, beauty in each and every moment), dhritimaan (the one who is sublime bliss personified to satisfy others), Sarvalokapriya (dear to all in all the worlds) etc shows his Param-Madhurya (supreme sweetness).

3) Charitrvaan - A hero is adored, and respected by all when he has a noble character.

The qualities of Shri Rama such as ChAritravAn (of noble conduct), GunavAn (the abode of all qualities and virtues), satya vaakyaH (always truthful, never deceiving anyone), dhridh-vrataH (Of firm resolve), anasuuyakaH (free from finding fault in others), sarva-samah (having equanimity towards all Jivas, discriminating none on the basis of caste, creed, race, etc), Kritagya (the one who remembers even the smallest things done ever to him, [and never remembers any number of bad things done to him by anyone]), dharmagya (always righteous and knower of dharma in its entirety), etc shows his noblest sublime character.

Some other aspects of Shri Rama :-

Shri Rama, the most compassionate Lord : Bhagavan means compassion personified, which is predominantly seen in Bhagavan Shri Rama alone. He is most compassionate, most merciful and kindest Lord.

व्यसनेषु मनुष्याणाम् भृशं भवति दुःखितः ।
उत्सवेषु च सर्वेषु पितेव परितुष्यति ॥
(वाल्मीकि रामायण २.२.४०ख-४१क)

vyasanēṣu manuṣyāṇām bhṛśaṃ bhavati duḥkhitaḥ ।
utsavēṣu ca sarvēṣu pitēva parituṣyati ॥
(vālmīki Rāmāyaṇa 2.2.40kha-41ka)

“Shri Rama feels touched and becomes very sad seeing even the slightest of pains or afflictions of people and rejoices like a father in all their jubilation on the occasions of child birth and the like.”

Shri Rāma, the best in Gāndharv-kalā : Gāndharva-Kala is the arts of playing music and dance. Shri Rama is best in dance and music also (which indicates Shri Rama is the expert of Rasa dance).

गान्धर्वे च भुवि श्रेष्ठो बभूव भरताग्रजः ।
(वाल्मीकि रामायण २.२.३५)

gāndharvē ca bhuvi śrēṣṭhō babhūva bharatāgrajaḥ ।
(vālmīki rāmāyaṇa 2.2.35)

“Shri Rama is best in the world in the arts of music and dance.”

Shri Rama is the all beauty-elegance-and-charm personified, He is sarvang-sundar from head to the tips of the nails. He is lokabhirama (रामो लोकाभिरामोऽयं - the enchanter of all the worlds) in every manner. Shri Rama always speaks sweetly and softly with all living beings (प्रियवादी च भूतानाम् सत्यवादी च राघवः ॥ [वाल्मीकि रामायण २.२.३२]), He himself initiates conversation (as respect given to all) with loving words (स्मितपूर्वाभिभाषी च - [वाल्मीकि रामायण २.२.४२]). Shri Rama is Saral (gentle, soft, tender & simple) and Saumya (pleasant, peaceful, calm, & tranquil) and lokabhiram (the delight to all in all the worlds). He is the ocean of all qualities and virtues and character. He is the compassion-personified, a truly complete and perfect personality in every sense.

Sri Ram (Rāma) is celebrated as the perfect ideal hero in Rāmāyana, the first epic poem of the world. No one can find any such hero in any other history of world. Only the followers of Vedic-Dharma can proudly claim that they have a hero like Shri Rāma who has no match in whole world.

Śrī Rāma as Bhagavān (भगवान्)

In Valmiki Ramayana and Vedic-scriptures, Shri Ram is celebrated as the Supreme personality of godhead - The complete personality who himself descended as the prince charming of Ayodhya to teach the world how to lead a righteous life by presenting the example of his own life, to establish the highest form of Dharma, to liberate the earth from evil demons and to impart the supreme bliss to his devotees.

वदन्ति तत्तत्त्वविदस्तत्त्वं यज्ज्ञानमद्वयम्
ब्रह्मेति परमात्मेति भगवानिति शब्द्यते ।
[श्रीमद भागवत १.२.११]

vadanti tat tattva-vidas tattvaḿ yaj jñānam advayam
brahmeti paramātmeti bhagavān iti śabdyate
[Śrīmad Bhāgavatam 1.2.11]

“Learned transcendentalists who know the Absolute Truth call this nondual substance Brahman, Paramātmā or Bhagavān.”

If there is god (Bhagavān), then He can be most completely presented before everyone as Shri Rama, alone. How?

As Shri Rama shows all the characteristics of being Bhagavān as described in various scriptures. As per Vishnu Purana, Bhagavān is:

ऐश्वर्य्यस्य समग्रस्य वीर्यस्य यशसः श्रियः ।
ज्ञानवैराग्ययोश्चैव षण्णां भग इतीङ्गना ॥
(विष्णु पुराण ६.५.७४)

aiśvaryyasya samagrasya vīryasya yaśasaḥ śriyaḥ ।
jñāna-vairāgyayōścaiva ṣaṇṇāṃ bhaga itīṅganā ॥
(viṣṇu-purāṇa 6.5.74)

Vishnu Puran says: - “He who possesses these six attributes of aiśvarya (supremacy, Lordship over all), vīrya (valor), yaśa (fame, glory) śriya (splendor) jñāna (knowledge) and vairāgya (renunciation) in full (to infinite degree) is called Bhagavan!.”

Vishnu Purana further says :

bhagavacchabdavācyāni vinā hēyaih-guṇādibhiḥ ॥
(viṣṇu-purāṇa 6-5-79)

“No vile quality can ever touch Bhagavan . ”

Upon considering these Inclusion (assertive statement — Vidhi-Vakya) and Exclusion (Negation — Nishedha-Vakya), Only Shri Rama perfectly qualifies to be called God or Bhagavan in true sense, no vile quality is ever seen in him ! 1. Shri Rama has the supreme Lordship, he is worshiped by even his incarnations and gods like Shiva etc, He took out the Vaishnavi-splendor of Parashurama. 2. He is second to none in his valor, he is the most valorous one, whoever challenged him got defeated ! 3. His Yasha (fame, glory) has been sung in millions of scriptures, one billion Ramayana-s are solely dedicated for one personality i.e. Shri Rama alone, one can't find more than one or two arsha-texts solely dedicated for any other personality 4. He is the possessor (consort) of Bhagavati śri (Sita) 5. He is all-knower, omniscient and 6. Though being supreme ruler of the cosmos, he is the most ascetic personality (renunciation).

संसार मे यदि कोई भी और कहीं भी बड़ा है तो वह श्री रामचन्द्रजी की (दी हुई) बड़ाई से ही होता है॥

"Wherever there is anyone who is great (or best in something), his greatness (bestness) is due to Shri Rama alone (because Shri Rama has all bestness in all qualities)!”

sītāpatirjayati lōkamalaghnakīrtiḥ ।
(śrīmadbhāgavātam 11.4.21)

"(Recounting) Whose spotless glories and fame destroy the contamination of all the worlds, that illustrious Lord Rama, the darling consort of Sita is always victorious!”

Therefore BrahmA in Valmiki Ramayana said to this extent "None other than You, O' Rama, can be worthy of all eulogies, praises and fame."

Here we will see each attribute how they are full in Shri Rama :

Param-Aishvaryam (Supreme Opulence):

1) Shri Rama liberated Ahalya just by mere the touch of his feet, this showed the nature of his being the supreme one.

2) Sri Rama took out the Vaishnavi-Splendor from Parashu-Rama, and thus ParashuRama was rendered vigor-less. This shows Shri Rama is Swayam Bhagavān (the original personality of godhead, and the fountain of all incarnations), and all other incarnations are his amsha (parts) and Kala (the parts of the parts).

After this, Lord ParashuRama prayed Shri Rama as the Supreme personality of godhead. (In Maha-Bharata, it is mentioned that Rama even showed his universal form to ParashuRama)

3) Sri Rama killed the demon king Ravana who was not even killed by Vishnu's Sudarshan Chakra. Thus after killing Ravana, Shri Rama restored the glory of Vishnu again in the universe. That's why Ramayana says, Shri Rama is Vishnorardham means "Vishnu ko Bhi Riddhimaan Karne Vale" which means Shri Rama is the personality who restores the glory of Vishnu or gives glory to even Lord Vishnu.

4) All merciful Śrī Rāma bestowed his supreme Mādhurya abode, Sākēt-Lōka to innumerable Jivas (souls) from an ant even to straw, to those who were never seen in his service - just followed him few steps in the end, who had gathered in Ayodhya from all parts of the earth. Sri Rama is the only personality in history who gave liberation to whole Ayodhya and brought all the citizens of whole Ayodhya and innumerable other Jivas, in the Santanik-Loka (a vana full of Madhurya namely - Santanik-vanam) which is within the supreme abode of Para-Brahman i.e. Saket Loka. Such leela is shown by Shri Rama alone, not by any other god or incarnation. This is supreme generosity of Lord Shri Rama. Only the most superior personality can do this out of his supreme mercy and affection on ordinary souls.

सुरोऽसुरो वाप्यथ वानरो नरः सर्वात्मना यः सुकृतज्ञमुत्तमम् ।
भजेत रामं मनुजाकृतिं हरिं यः उत्तराननयत्कोशलान्दिवमिति॥
(श्रीमद भागवत महापुराण ५.१९.८)

suro 'suro vāpy atha vānaro naraḥ sarvātmanā yaḥ sukṛtajñam uttamam
bhajeta rāmaḿ manujākṛtiḿ hariḿ ya uttarān anayat kosalān divam iti
(Śrīmad Bhāgavatam 5.19.8)

whether one is a demigod or a demon, a man or a creature other than man, such as a beast or bird, all should worship Lord Rāma, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, who has a form of human being. There is no need of great austerities or penances to worship the Lord Rāma, He becomes easily satisfied even from a small service done to him (such a compassionate lord he is. Thus He is satisfied, and as soon as He is satisfied, the devotee is successful.). [Indeed, No one can match his compassion towards his devotees, that] Lord Śrī Rāma brought all the citizens of Ayodhyā back to his divine abode Saket Loka, the supreme Madhurya-abode.

Such a great Lord Rama is who accepted everyone be it god, demon, human, beast, bird or anyone else, and brought all to supreme abode ! Everyone should worship Lord Rama as instructed by Bhagvata-MahaPuran, with all love.

5) As Hanumana described about the supreme opulence of Rama to Ravana that just don't take Shri Rama mere a human, he is very much capable of annihilating all the worlds again and again and create them over again in exactly the same manner. Can we find such a highly glorious praise for any other personality apart from the supreme personality of godhead?

सर्वांल्लोकान् सुसंहृत्य सभूतान् सचराचरान्।
पुनरेव तथा स्रष्टुं शक्तो रामो महायशाः॥
[वाल्मीकि रामायण - ५.५१.३९]

sarvāṃllōkān susaṃhṛtya sabhūtān sacarācarān।
punarēva tathā sraṣṭuṃ śaktō rāmō mahāyaśāḥ॥
[vālmīki rāmāyaṇa - 5.51.39]

Annihilating all the worlds including the elements, their created beings, as well as the entire mobile and immobile creation, the highly illustrious Shri Rama is capable of creating them over again in exactly the same way.

Param-Viryam (Supreme Valour, Heroism):-

If Bhagavan wishes, He can destroy even greatest of demonic army by mere his will, but then there would be no playful efforts and leela to be rejoiced by his devotees. He is sportive, and to recognise a personality as Bhagavan, He should have incomprehensive valor means second to none in his prowess.

When Meghanad was becoming invincible for even Lakshman Ji. Then finally, Lakshman ji addressed the following prayer in which he invoked the supreme truth to get Meghanad killed by his arrow:

धर्मात्मा सत्यसन्धश्च रामो दाशरथिर्यदि ॥
पौरुषे चाप्रतिद्वन्द्वस्तदेनं जहि रावणिम् ।
[वाल्मीकि रामायण - ६.९०.७१ख,७२क]

dharmātmā satyasandhaśca rāmō dāśarathiryadi ॥
pauruṣē cāpratidvandvastadēnaṃ jahi rāvaṇim ।
[vālmīki rāmāyaṇa - 6.90.71B,72A]

"O my dear arrow! If Shri Rama, the son of Dasaratha, is always righteous, keeps up his promise, and is second to none in his prowess (पौरुषे चाप्रतिद्वन्द्वः - pauruṣē cāpratidvandva' i.e. he is supreme Purusha of Vedas), then please destroy this Indrajit.”

Param-Viryam Guna is predominantly visible in the hero of Ramayana. Shri Rama is the only personality in history (Ramayana and Mahabharata) and other scriptures, who never shown his back in war. Thus Purusa or Paurushatva (Param-vIrya) culminates only in Raghunatha and it is predominantly visible in Shri Rama alone. Shri Rama killed single-handedly 14000 dreaded demons in Dandakaranya in no time. Again, during Rama-Ravan Yuddha, Bhagavan swiftly and single-handedly killed a very fiercy army of around 2.5 lacs dreaded demons.

Param-Yasha Guna (Supremely famous):-

सब बिधि समरथ सकल कह सहि साँसति दिन राति ।
भलो निबाहेउ सुनि समुझि स्वामिधर्म सब भाँति ॥
(दोहावली, पद -२०४)

saba bidhi samaratha sakala kaha sahi sām̐sati dina rāti ।
bhalō nibāhēu suni samujhi svāmidharma saba bhām̐ti ॥
(dōhāvalī, pada -204)

Goswāmī Tulsīdās Ji says — ‘Śrī Rāma is supreme, potent, proficient and adept in all possible ways’— this is declaration of all wise and learned people. The Lord strived daily to live up to his vows of righteous conduct, probity and propriety which are expected from a great Lord. Lord had truly lived up to that immaculate reputation in a perfect manner. For this Supreme Lord Shri Rama sacrificed his own pleasure every time for the pleasure of his people, and lived up to his exalted stature and its incumbent reputation, to uphold his own vows, and to be always vigilant towards his responsibilities as the Lord of this world. Shri Rama truly lived up to the exalted stature suiting to a great Svami of the whole world.

Shri Rama is Puroshottama ( पुरुषोत्तम , the complete personality - the best among all men) in real sense, without a bit of exaggeration. Thus, Rama alone can be the most perfect hero and Bhagavan to be adored by the whole humanity.

न तम् पश्याम्य् अहम् लोके परोक्षम् अपि यो नरः।
स्वमित्रोऽपि निरस्तोऽपि योऽस्यदोषमुदाहरेत् ॥
(वाल्मीकि रामायण २.२१.५)

na tam paśyāmy aham lōkē parōkṣam api yō naraḥ ।
svamitrō'pi nirastō'pi yō'syadōṣamudāharēt ॥
(vālmīki rāmāyaṇa 2.21.5)

At the time of exile, Sri Lakshman remarks — “I have not seen in this world any person, whether an enemy or an expellee, speaking ill of Shri Rama even indirectly behind his back.”

3) When Shri Rama ruled this earth, whole earth became the Rama's world. No one was interested in anything other than Rama and Rama alone.

4) Shri Rama is not just renowned for being the supreme god among the followers of Vedic-Dharma, He is also popular for his pure spotless character. Padma-Purana says:'चरितं रघुनाथस्य शतकोटि प्रविस्तरम । '(Charitam Raghunathasya Shatkoti Pravistaram - Padma Purana, Patal Khand) means 'the spotless fame of Lord Rama's exploits has been sung in 100 crore (one billion) Ramayana-s'. Though due to evil effect of Kaliyuga, only few Ramayana-s are available to humans in this age of Kali, however even the number of those available Ramayana-s exceed the number of scriptures which may be credited to all other deities. Is there any such personality or deity whose fame is so much widely celebrated and sung as like that of Lord Rama? Certainly no!

5) Śrī Vālmiki Rāmāyan, the very incarnation of Veda and the self-sufficient authority (Pramāna), says that Śrī Rāma is the only personality who deserves to be famous:

निवासवृक्षः साधूनामापन्नानां परा गतिः।
आर्तानां संश्रयश्चैव यशसश्चैकभाजनम्
[श्रीमद वाल्मीकि रामायण ४.१५.१९]

nivaasa vR^ikSaH saadhuunaam aapannaanaam paraa gatiH ॥
aartaanaam sa.mshrayaH caiva yashasaH ca eka bhaajanam
[Śrīmad Vālmikī Rāmāyana 4.15.19]

“Lord Rama is like a sheltering tree to the virtuous, an ultimate (supreme) refuge for the destitutes and a protector of the distressed. He is the only personality who deserves to be famous.

Śrīyah (Possessor of Sri) :-

1)Lord Śrī Rāma is the possessor of Śrī (all attractive beauty, Youngness, pure character, Dharma, riches, etc ) in full (infinite) degree. He is the perfection of all pure auspicious qualities.

- All attractive beauty: Shri Rama has all attractive beauty which attracts even men, then what to say about woman. Leave aside common men-women, even brahm-realised sages to demonesses lost their senses and became lustful seeing the all attractive beauty of Shri Rama.
Just behold for one second the eternally young handsome prince Rama in his princely attire or in his Vanvasi-Saumya Rupa, one may forget very own self.

- His leela (pastimes) has a flow of nectarine beauty, and completely unblemished singing his leela (pastimes), his name not only purifies all kinds of contaminations and griveous sins of this world, but also bestows all desired rewards of a human life.

2) Śrī Rāma is the consort of Śrī (Bhagvati Sita). When Shri Rama was ruling on earth, then people were engaged in virtue and lived without telling lies, without having greed, and thus totally satisfied in Rama's rule. Obviously when supreme personality himself ruled this earth, ] earth was fully satisfied. That's why all give example of Rama-Rajya (rule of Rama on this earth).

3) As per Valmiki-Ramayana, when Aadi-Purusa Śrī Rāma himself incarnated as prince of Ayodhya. All prime forms of Bhagavan Vishnu (i.e. Vishnu-s of Vaikuntha, Ksheer-sagar, and Svet-dvipa) incarnated as younger brothers of Lord Rama to do service of their superior, the original personality of godhead (Śrī Rāma). This shows that Aadi-Purusa (the primeval god) is the most superior and served by his expansions in love.

From various scriptures, it can be established that Shri Rama's brothers : Lakshamana, Bharata and Shatrughna are none but Sankarshana (Shesha, the residual of Shri Rama), Pradyumana, and Aniruddha (the Vyuha forms of Vishnu, the expansions of Vasudeva who is Rama). Vasudeva is a general name for Bhagavan in scriptures because his being all pervading. Bhagavan Shri Rama is called Paratpar-Vasudeva in Padma-Purana, and also refered as Vasudeva in Shrimad Bhagavatam.

4) Except Lord Rama, none else has a servant like Hanuman ji, a Vaishnava-devotee like Lord Shiva, a brother like Lakshmana, and a wife like Sita.

Shri Rama is the god of gods, the god of BrahmA-Vishnu-Shiva. The prime form of Lord Sada-Shiva is Hanuman Ji who is the best amongst the servants of Lord Rama. In Padma-Puran, Lord Shiva himself accepts Lord Śrī Rāma alone is his Ishta-Deva, and He completely surrendered in the lotus feet of Shri Rama. Thus, Shri Rama is the possessor of the best of everything in the world.


Param-jñāna Guna:-

Shri Rama knows everything, सर्व शास्त्र अर्थ तत्त्वज्ञो - He is the knower of the meaning and essence of all the shastra (scriptures), he knows Dharma in it's subtle form. Shri Rama has been proclaimed as Vigrahvan Dharmah means who is the embodiment of Dharma. It means Sri Rama was the knower of the subtle form of Dharma which is known to Param-J

nAna swarupam Bhagavan only. How would he use his Dharma, no one can understand entirely apart from him.

Sri Ram in his heart knew well that only Hanuman Ji would be able to find Sita, therefore He gave his mudrika (ring) to Hanuman alone!

Sri Rama had already given his words to Sugreeva and Vibhishana, even before killing Vali and Ravana respectively, he declared them king of Kishkindha and Lanka respectively. This shows Shri Rama is the supreme controller of time, and He had knowledge of Past, present and future (the omniscient lord).

Param-Vairagya:-

The supreme personality of godhead has nature of being completely free from any material desire. Param-Vairagya Guna has been clearly seen or predominantly visible in Lord Rama.

There are many instances where Sri Rama showed his Param-Vairagya Guna like happily leaving the kingdom of Ayodhya just for keeping promise of his father towards his step mother. He gave up instantly all the opulence and luxuries of his Sur-durlabh Rājya-lakṣmī (of the most divine city Ayodhya, the eternal Puri of Brahman) which is most difficult to renounce for others and is always desired earnestly by even the great personalities and demigods.

गुर्वर्थे त्यक्तराज्यो व्यचरदनुवनं पद्मपद्‌भ्यां प्रियायाः
पाणिस्पर्शाक्षमाभ्यां मृजितपथरुजो यो हरीन्द्रानुजाभ्याम्।
(श्रीमद्भागवत ९-१०-४)

gurv-arthe tyakta-rājyo vyacarad anuvanaḿ padma-padbhyāḿ priyāyāḥ
pāṇi-sparśākṣamābhyāḿ mṛjita-patha-rujo yo harīndrānujābhyām
(Śrīmad Bhāgavatam 9.10.4)

“For the sake of [keeping the promise of] His father, Lord Śrī Rāma immediately gave up his Rajya-lakshmi (the opulence, luxuries, & comforts of Ayodhya) and, accompanied by His wife, mother Sītā, wandered from one forest to another on His lotus feet, which were so delicate that they were unable to bear even the touch of Sītā's palms.”

Can one imagine that very next morning Sri Rama is going to be coronated as the prince (heir) of Ayodhya and even all citizens, courtiers, ministers, brothers are in favour of Sri Rama and they all want to see him coronated as soon as possible, however when Sri Rama heard the wishes of his step mother and the promise made earlier by his father to Kaikeyi, Shri Rama decided instantly without any hesitation to leave Ayodhya and go in exile to keep the promises of his father towards his step-mother (for Pitru-Saty-Vachana Palanay, Lord left Ayodhya very next morning). Sri Rama sacrificed all his comforts as well as the throne which rightfully belonged to him for his younger brother Bharat, and decided to spend the 14 years of his life in forests as per the wish of his step mother. Definitely he could have lived with all luxuries and comforts in Ayodhya as he was not responsible for the promises made to his step mother by his father, yet he chose to keep honor of the promises of his father towards his step-mother. Where one would see such a son like Shri Ram !?

2) Shri Rama won the golden-Kingdom-Lanka and treated it as a mere golden-ring and gifted it to Vibhishana (and felt in his heart he has not given something enough to Vibhishana), and same way He gifted the kingdom of Kishkindha to Sugreeva.

Thus, all 6 qualities are full and complete in Lord Rama. The word 'Bhagavan' is primarily attributed to Rama by scriptures. He is the Purusha of Vedas, and Vedanta.

Apart from all above attributes which can be found to full degree in Bhagavān (God) alone, there is another attribute (virtue) of Rama which makes him very unique among his all incarnations. That attribute is his pure unblemished character which makes him "Maryada Purushottam". Apart from Rama, no one can hold the title of being "Maryada Purushottama".

Maryada-purushottama

Shri Rama is renowned for one word (keeping his promises at any cost), one arrow (Rama-Baan, the infallible weapon of Sri Rama which never goes in vain, can eliminate anyone), and one wife (ek-patni Vrata i.e. devoted towards one wife only). Sri Rama was the Chakrvarti-Samrat i.e. the king of the entire earth, the greatest empire, and that time it was a general practice among kings to keep many wives. Even Sri Rama could have married many princesses, but He was solely devoted to his consort Sita alone. Such pure character of being Ek-Patni-Vrata (devoted to one wife only, not thinking of any other woman in even dreams) can't be found in any other personality of this world or any other incarnation of Shri Rama as only Shri Rama has established the highest form of Dharma. In other words, one can say "Whatever Sri Rama accepted (in his actions), It became the virtue! whatever Shri Rama did, it became the highest form of Dharma". Qualities are termed as quality because Shri Rama adorns them, because they have found place in Shri Rama!

Shri Rama never ever spoke any untruth. He never cheated any person. If someone has not a good character, then how can one claim that he is protector of Dharma? Whatever Shri Rama promised to someone, he delivered it. Shri Rama never ever gave a second thought whether the person who is seeking his refuge is a weak (e.g Sugriva) or strong, a demon (e.g. Vibhishana) or god, a man or woman, a beast or bird etc before giving his shelter of protection, be it man, woman, god, demon, animal or any living being. Only the Supreme Being can bestow Abhayam (complete fearlessness) from all types of fears, worries and anxiety. Such combination of perfectness in all pure, transcendental qualities and the pure character is found only in Shri Rama, and thus the word 'Bhagavān'- the original personality of godhead to Shri Rama primarily.

Śrī Rāmāvtāra ( श्री रामावतार : Śrī Rāma, The most superior)

Lord Shri Ramachandra (Rama) has innumerous incarnations, and of which ten are upheld as major incarnations, they are:-

1. MatsyAvatAra
2. KoormAvatAra
3. VArAhAvatAra
4. NrisimhAvatAra
5. VAmanAvatAra
6. ParashurAmAvatar
7. Srimad RAmachandra
8. Sri KrishNAvatAra
9. BaudhhAvata
10. Kalki AvatAra

Lord Rama is the original source of all Avtaara-s (incarnations of Lord Hari) and He is himself Supreme Personality, known as Purusa in Veda-s who is always situated in original ultimate form of Śrī Rāma-Rupa in the divine spiritual planet Saketa (Ayodhya) which is full of Supreme bliss of Brahman.

Out of infinite incarnations or major 10 incarnations, there are 3 Poorna-avataras ( पूर्णावतार ) or Purna-Brahman.
Those 3 Poorna-Avtaar of Bhagavān Ram are:
1) Shri NrisimhAvtAra (Sri Narasimha)
2) Shri RamAvtAra (Shrimad RAmachandra)
3) Shri KrishnAvtAra (Shri Krishna)

Out of aforementioned 3 PoornAvtAra-s ( पूर्णावतार ), both Shri Rama and Shri Krishna are glorified as Sarva-Karan-Karanam (means the cause of all the causes) and 'Svayam Bhagavān' (God himself) in Vedic-scriptures. Therefore, Shri Rama and Shri Krishna are known as Purntamam-Brahman ( पूर्णतमम् ब्रह्म ), superior aspect than Purn-Brahman ( पूर्ण-ब्रह्म ).

So Purntamam-ParaBrahman ( पूर्णतमम् परमब्रह्म ) are :
1) Shri RAma
2) Shri Krishna

Out of above two Purntamam-Brahman, Bhagavan Shri Krishna is counted as the manifestation (incarnation) of Bhagavan Shri Rama in Valmiki Ramayana, Krishna-Upanishad, Padma-Purana and other Vedic-scriptures. And Shri Rama is called Paripurntamam-ParaBrahman, as his nama, rupa, leela and dhaam all these four are called Paratpar (most superior).

(a) Naam - Only the name 'Rama' is called 'Parabrahman' itself (राम नाम परमब्रह्म सर्व-देवाधिकम महत् । - पद्म-पुराण) in Vedic-scriptures and also known as Tarak-Brahm. Harit-Smriti says no Bhagavannama could become equal to Shri 'Rama' Naam as only the name 'Rama' manifests the capability to impart the supreme bliss and delight to even Bhagavati 'Shrii'.

The name 'Rama' is chanted by great divinity like Lord Shiva himself with his consort Bhagavati Parvati.

(b) Rupa - In all vedic-scriptures, only one personality i.e. Shri Ram alone is called Rajivalochana (राजीवलोचन - the one having red-lotus eyes). Bhagavan Shri Rama is so beautiful that even Shri Krishna is said to be attracted towards Bhagavan Shri Rama. Shri Krishna himself accepts this in BrahmAnda-PurAna, that among all incarnations He loves Shri Rama most. Purusa)

(c) leela - Bhagavan Shri Rama's divine leela is sung across one billion Ramayana-s. No one else has been sung so much as like Bhagavan Shri Rama.

Valmiki Ramayana says Bhagavan Shri Rama sported with Sita and innumerable Parambhushita damsels in the most beautiful divine forest, Ashok-vanam, of Ayodhya, for a ten thousand Years. Same Shri Rama again appeared as Shri Krishna and did Rasa for 10 years in Vrindavana.

(d) dhaam - Divine Veda names the divine abode of Purusha as 'Ayodhya' exclusively, which signifies the superiority of the divine abode of Shrimad Ramachandra over all divine abodes of Bhagavan, whoever comes to know this divine abode of Brahman 'Ayodhya' is granted immortality, and supreme bliss.

Valmiki-Ramayana declares Shri Rama to be Ishta-Deva of all worlds (iShta sarvasya Lokasya Ramah, इष्ट: सर्वस्य लोकस्य रामः .

भगवान् श्री राम रूप-सिंधु, गुण-सिंधु और शील-सिंधु होने के कारण सभी प्राणिमात्र के इष्ट हैं।

Bhagavān Śrī Rāma is Rupa-sindhu (the ocean of all beauty-elegance-&-charm), Gun-Sindhu (the ocean of all virtues & qualities) and Sheel-sindhu (the ocean of intrinsically sweetest disposition and inherently noblest character), therefore he is the one Ishta for one and all-beings.

Thus Paripurntamam-ParaBrahman ( परिपूर्णतमम् परमब्रह्म ), the original Purusa or the original personality of godhead is
1) Shri Rama

Vedic scriptures say "there is no one even equal to Shri Rama, so what to talk of anyone being superior to him."

नेदं यशो रघुपतेः सुरयाच्ञयाऽऽत्त-लीलातनोरधिक-साम्य-विमुक्त-धाम्नः
रक्षो-वधो जलधि-बन्धनं अस्त्र-पूगैः किं तस्य शत्रु-हनने कपयः सहायाः ॥

nedaḿ yaśo raghupateḥ sura-yācñayātta-
līlā-tanor adhika-sāmya-vimukta-dhāmnaḥ
rakṣo-vadho jaladhi-bandhanam astra-pūgaiḥ
kiḿ tasya śatru-hanane kapayaḥ sahāyāḥ

“Killing of demons (Rāvaṇa, Kumbhakarna, etc) with bow and arrows, or building a bridge over the ocean does not constitute the factual glory of the Supreme Personality of Godhead Lord Rāma, whose spiritual body is always engaged in various pastimes. There is no one even equal to Lord Rāma, so there is no question of anyone being superior to him, and therefore He [to such a supreme lord who has no equal or superior] had no need to take help from the monkeys to gain victory over demon Rāvaṇa. [So if someone says even Supreme lord Rama needed help of monkeys such as Sugriva, Angad, Hanumana, etc then it is utter foolishness, nothing else.]” (- Shri-Mad BhAgvat MahapurAna 9-11-20)

Brahmā-Viṣṇu-Shiva are the parts (portions) of Śrī Rāma

ब्रह्मविष्णुमहेशाद्या यस्यांशा लोकसाधका: ।
तमादिदेवं श्रीरामं विशुद्धं परमं भजे ॥
(स्कन्द पुराण , उत्तर खंड ,
रामायण महात्म्य प्रथमोध्याय -३ )

brahmaviṣṇumahēśādyā yasyāṃśā lōkasādhakā: ।
tamādidēvaṃ śrīrāmaṃ viśuddhaṃ paramaṃ bhajē ॥
(skanda purāṇa , uttara khaṃḍa ,
rāmāyaṇa mahātmya prathamōdhyāya -3 )

“Salutations to that Rama who is the most superior, the primeval lord of universe, and free from all the vices. Brahmā (Brahmaa), Viṣṇu (Vishnu) and Mahesa (Shiva) who are sustainer of the world, are just parts of Lord (Śrī) Rāma . ” (- Skanda Puran, Uttar Khand, RamayaNa MahAtmya, 1.3)

ब्रह्मविष्णुमहेशाद्या यस्यांशा लोकसाधका: ।
तं रामं सच्चिदानन्दं नित्यं रासेश्वरं भजे ॥
(हनुमत-संहिता)

brahmaviṣṇumahēśādyā yasyāṃśā lōkasādhakā: ।
taṃ rāmaṃ saccidānandaṃ nityaṃ rāsēśvaraṃ bhajē ॥
(hanumata-saṃhitā)

Param-Bhāgavat Shri Hanumān says to Vibhishana “I always worship Lord Śrī Rāma, who is eternal and who is very form of Sat 'real, eternal existence', Cit 'Consciousness' and Ananda 'Bliss'. Śrī Rāma is an expert in the rāsa leelā, the dance practiced by cowherds, Krishna and gopis. His parts are Brahmā (Brahmaa), Viṣṇu (VishNu) and Mahesa who are the sustainers of the world.”

Ram manifested himself as Vishnu

He is Śrī Rāma who transformed himself as Vishnu in starting of the creation.

सर्वावतारी भगवान् रामश्चतुर्भुजोऽभवत् ॥ [कोशल-खंड ]

sarvāvatārī bhagavān rāmaścaturbhujō'bhavat ॥ [kōśala-khaṃḍa ]

“Lord Śrī Rāma, the original source of all the incarnations, transformed himself in his four-armed form of Vishnu!”

सर्वे अवतारा श्री राम नाम शक्ति समुद्भवाः । [स्कन्द-पुराण ]

sarvē avatārā śrī rāma nāma śakti samudbhavāḥ । [skanda-purāṇa]

Lord Shiva tells Pārvati: “All incarnations of Lord Hari are originated from Śrī Rām Naam.”

(Ram Naam is itself Parambrahman and there is no difference between Lord Shri Ram and his name.- Padma-Purana)

सर्वेषामवताराणामवतारी रघूत्तम: ।
रामपादनखज्योत्स्ना परब्रह्मेति गीयते ॥
[अगस्त्य-संहिता]

sarvēṣāmavatārāṇāmavatārī raghūttama: ।
rāmapādanakhajyōtsnā parabrahmēti gīyatē ॥
[agastya-saṃhitā]

“Lord Śrī Rāma, the best among the Raghus, is the original personality of Godhead, among all the incarnations and the moonlight coming from the nails of Śrī Rāma's feet is praised as Parabrahman by the scriptures.”

Lord Rama is the original godhead among all incarnations, Śrī Rāma's Paratva ( परत्व Supremacy over other forms of Brahman) is also more evident from the words of scriptures that Lord Rama has two arms in his eternal form residing in his supreme abode Saket-Loka and supreme Purusa of Veda is described as the two armed Para-Brahman (i.e. Lord Śrī Rāma).

ययौ तथा महाशम्भू रामलोकमगोचरम् ।
तत्र गत्वा महाशम्भू राघवं नित्यविग्रहम् ॥
ददर्श परमात्मानं समासीनं मया सह ।
सर्वशक्तिकलानाथं द्विभुजं रघुनन्दनम् ॥
द्विभुजाद्राघवान्नित्यात्सर्वमेतत्प्रवर्तते ।
[ सुन्दरीतन्त्र]

yayau tathā mahāśambhū rāmalōkamagōcaram ।
tatra gatvā mahāśambhū rāghavaṃ nityavigraham ॥
dadarśa paramātmānaṃ samāsīnaṃ mayā saha ।
sarvaśaktikalānāthaṃ dvibhujaṃ raghunandanam ॥
dvibhujādrāghavānnityātsarvamētatpravartatē ।
[ sundarītantra]

“The Maha-Siva went to the abode of Śrī Rāma i.e. Saket loka, which is beyond the reach of sensual organs. Reaching there the great Siva found Raghava (Lord Rama) the supreme soul possessed of eternal body. Śrī Rāma who is the lord of all powers, was seated along with Sita. This entire universe is activated by the prowess of eternal Raghava (Lord Rama), with two arms.”

स्थूलं चाष्टभुजं प्रोक्तं सूक्ष्मं चैव चतुर्भुजम् ।
परं च द्विभुजं रूपं तस्मादेतत्त्रयं यजेत् ।
[आनंद संहिता ]

sthūlaṃ cāṣṭabhujaṃ prōktaṃ sūkṣmaṃ caiva caturbhujam ।
paraṃ ca dvibhujaṃ rūpaṃ tasmādētattrayaṃ yajēt ।
[ānanda saṃhitā ]

“Sthula-Brahman is the god with eight arms (i.e. 8 armed Vishnu) and is visible, but the form of Vishnu who has 4-arms is subtle i.e. He is Sukshma-Brahman but the God who is of two-armed (i.e. Lord Ram in his eternal form), is the most superior (परं च द्विभुजं रूपं). Therefore, one should worship the assemblage of god's three forms. .

Same Lord Śrī Rāma transformed himself into various forms and also into four armed Vishnu for sustenance of the universe. There is none in whole universe who is beyond Lord Śrī Rāma. Lord Śrī Rāma is higher than even the highest which means Śrī Rāma is the only person (Purusa) who is superior than himself.

So lord Śrī Rāma comes himself in Treta-Yuga in his original Swayam-Rupa i.e. ultimate form of Para-Brahman, while in various incarnations he assumes different forms like of Matsya (divine fish), Varaha (divine boar), Vamana, Narsimha (half man-half lion), Sri Krishna etc.

Of the various avatar, Sri RAmavatara is unique and highly glorious. While the earlier avatars only served a limited purpose, namely subduing the wicked and protecting the good, the main purpose of Ramavatara is Dharma-Samsthapana. Its uniqueness lies in the fact that the Lord chose the role of a man - an ideal human. The glory of the Ramavatar is the demonstration that the dharmic way of life could be lived by all in thought, word and deed, under all conditions and circumstances.

This has been achieved by Lord Rama in this descent by becoming the son of King Dasaratha.

“वेदवेद्ये परेपुंसि जाते दशरथात्मजे ।
वेदः प्राचेतसादासीत् साक्षाद् रामायणात्मना ॥
तस्माद्रामायणं देवि! वेद एव न संशयः ॥"
- अगस्त्य संहिता
- मंगलाचरण, श्रीमद वाल्मीकि रामायण

“vēdavēdyē parēpuṃsi jātē daśarathātmajē ।
vēdaḥ prācētasādāsīt sākṣād rāmāyaṇātmanā ॥
tasmādrāmāyaṇaṃ dēvi! vēda ēva na saṃśayaḥ ॥"
- agastya saṃhitā
- maṃgalācaraṇa, śrīmada vālmīki rāmāyaṇa

Supreme being is known through only Vedas. When that Supreme being born as son of Dasratha (Śrī Rāma) in Ayodhya, that time all Vedas manifested themselves through the mouth of sage Valmiki, the son of sage Prachetus, directly as the Ramayana.
Therefore O' Devi, there is no doubt that Ramayana is Vedas itself.

“When the Supreme Lord who is sought after and proclaimed by the Vedas was born as the son of Dasaratha, the Vedas became the Ramayana. The Ramayana is Vedas in action".


In Aadi-Ramayana, Lord Hanumana says to Garuda:-

“Lord Śrī Rāma of Ayodhya is the God of all the Gods ( देवदेवेश ) . Lord Shri Krishna and other incarnations are his Amsha-Avataras ( अंशावताराः कृष्ण: the plenary portions) of Lord Śrī Rāma. Those innumerable (ह्यसंख्यका) incarnations make salutations (प्रणमन्ति) to Lord Shri Ram. I don't know any other Supreme Being, the god of all the gods other than that Lord Ram. All the innumerable incarnations are originated from Lord Shri Ram alone.”

Again Brihad.Brahm-Samhita says same thing that many incarnations of Shri-Hari make salutations to Supreme Purusa of Veda-s i.e. Lord Rama.

तस्मिन्साकेतलोके विधिहरहरिभि: सन्ततं ,
सेव्यमाने दिव्ये सिंहासने स्वे जनकतनयया राघव: शोभमान:
युक्तो मत्स्यैरनेकै: करिभिरपि तथा नारसिंहैरनन्तै:
कूर्मै: श्रीनन्दनन्दैर्हयगलहरिभिर्नित्यमाज्ञोन्मुखैश्च ॥
यज्ञ: केशववामनौ नरवरो नारायणो धर्मज:
श्रीकृष्णो हलधृक् तथा मधुरिपु: श्रीवासुदेवोऽपर: ।
एते नैकविधा महेन्द्रविधयो दुर्गादय: कोटिश:
श्रीरामस्य पुरो निदेशसुमुखा नित्यास्तदीये पदे ॥
इत्यादीनि बृहद्ब्रह्मसंहितावचनानि सङ्गच्छन्ते ।
अत्र नन्दनन्दनशब्द: नन्दं नन्दयति विविधोक्त्या
शोकत्याजनाद्वर्धयतीति मथुरानिवासिपर: ।
श्रीकृष्णशब्दो द्वारकानिवासिपर इति न विरोध: ।

tasmin sākētalōkē vidhi-hara-haribhih santataṃ ,
sēvyamānē divyē siṃhāsanē svē janaka-tanayayā rāghavah śōbhamānah
yuktō matsyair-anēkaih karibhirapi tathā nārasiṃhair-anantaih
kūrmaih śrīnandanandai-haya-gala-haribhir-nityam-ājñōn-mukhaiśca ॥
yajñah kēśava-vāmanau naravarō nārāyaṇō dharmajah
śrīkṛṣṇō haladhṛk tathā madhuripuh śrīvāsudēvō 'parah ।
ētē naikavidhā mahēndravidhayō durgādayah kōṭiśah
śrīrāmasya purō nidēśasumukhā nityāstadīyē padē ॥
ityādīni bṛhadbrahmasaṃhitāvacanāni saṅgacchantē ।
atra nandanandana-śabdah nandaṃ nandayati vividhōktyā
śōkatyājanādvardhayatīti mathurā-nivāsiparah ।
śrīkṛṣṇaśabdō dvārakā-nivāsipara iti na virōdhah ।

RAghava (Śrī Rāma) shines with SitA on the divine throne in world of SAketa (AyodhyA) where BrahmA, Shiva and Vishnu constantly worship him. He (Lord Rāma) is surrounded by many divine fish incarnations, monkeys and also by plentitude of the Narasimhas or Narasimha incarnations, tortoise incarnations, and sons of Sri Nanda, i.e Sri Krishna, Haya, Gala, and Hari. They all are eager to receive the orders of Lord Rama. Keshava, Vamana the foremost persons, Narayana, Yudhisthira, Shri Krishna, Haladhrik BalaRAma and VAsudeva, the enemy of the demon Madhu as well as various kinds of Mahendras and millions of Goddess Durgas, eager for advice, remain always in front of Sri RAma (Śrī Rāma) near His feet" . Here, the epithet Nanda-nandana signifies that form of Lord Krishna, who delights Nanda and dwells in MathurA, while Sri Krisna refers to the one who resides in DwArika.”


Sri Rama Charitra

Swayambhu Manu preformed Tapasya to Lord Vishnu for thousand years and when the latter appeared, Manu desired that he would like to have Vishnu as his son. The Lord agreed and said that in fact as a part of the task of Preservation of ‘Dharma’ (Virtue), he would like to appear on Earth from time to time as and when Dharma was threatened and Evil Forces gathered momentum he said: Paritranaaya Saadhuu- naam Vinaashaaya cha Dushkrutaam, Dharma samsthaapanaarthaaya sambhavaami yuge yugey! (I shall no Doubt take human birth to revive Dharma and punish Evil from time to time). As promised by Vishnu, Swayambhu was born in Raghukula as King Dasaratha and became the father of Shri Rama in Treta Yuga, as Vasudeva in Yadava Kula in DwaparaYuga and one thousand Divya Years hence as Brahmana Harigupta in Samhal Village in Kali Yuga. The two brothers Hirankaksha and Hiranyakashipu of the Satya Yuga were born as Ravana and Kumbhakarna in Treta Yuga. Muni Pulastya’s son was Muni Vishvava and the latter’s wife was Kaikashi Ravana and Kumbhakarna were born to Vishvava and Kaikeshi. Kaikeshi also gave birth to Surpanakha and later on to the virtuous devotee of Narayana, Vibhishana. Ravana brothers performed severe Tapasya and secured boons of invincibility from Devas, Danavas and Rakshasas and harassed Devad who fled from Swarga and prayed to Vishnu who assured that he would soon be born to King Dasaratha as Rama and demolish the entire race of Ravana Vishnu also asked Devas to assume the births of ‘Vanaras’ and assist in this holy task.

In the Surya Vamsa, Vaivasvata Muni begot King Ikshvaku and Dasaratha was born to Ikshvaku. Devi Koushalya was born to the King of Koushalya and was wedded to King Dasaratha at Ayodhya on the banks of River Sarayu.Dasaratha also married Sumitra and Kaikeyi.He became a powerful yet righteous King with Sage Vasishtha as the Raja Guru and performed the Putra-Kameshthi Yagna. From the ‘Agni Kunda’at the eventful Yagna, Maha Vishnu Himself gave ‘darshan’ to Dasaratha and assured that he would soon be born to him to save the Devoted and kill the Evil. He handed over a’Ksheera Paatra’, the pot of milk, to the three Devis Kaushalya and Kaikeyi took half each and gave half of their portions to Sumitra thus the eldest boy was born to Kaushalya, Bharat was born to Kaikeyi and Lakshmana and Shatrughna were born to Sumitra. Sage Vasishtha named the eldest as ‘Shri Rama’ since that was the ‘Swataha Siddha’ or natural gifted name as he was the husband of Sri Devi and the equivalent of Vishnu’s Sahasranaamaas, providing salvation to the devotees and since his birth was in Chaitra month dear to Vishnu.

Shriyah kamalavaasivya ramaneya Maha Prabhu Tasmaachhari -Rama ithyasya naamaa siddham puratanam/ Sahasranaamnaam shrishasyatulyam mukti pradam nrunaam, Vishnumaasi samutpanno Vishnurityabhidheeyatey

‘As the boys grew up, Lord Ram and Lakshmana was one pair and Bharata and Shatrughna was another. In the meantime, Goddess Lakshmi was materialized as King Janaka found her while digging Earth in Yagna by a plough top called ‘sita’ and thus named Sita and most endearingy brought up as his own daughter. Sage Vishvamitra derised that Rama and Lakshmana should protect one Yagna being organized by him on the banks of Ganga, sine there were always threats of Rakshasas to destroy Yagnas by pouring blood and such other foul material. Very reluctantly, Dasaratha allowed to let them go to protect the Yagna which apparently served many purposes as subtly planned by the Sage: one to let the World Realize that Rama a mere teen-ager was of Vishnu ‘Amsa’ and introduced Rama to the Rakshasas that they should better beware Vishwamitra could teach the nuances of Shastra-Astra Vidya to the brothers to afford an exposure to Rama at Sita Swayamvara among the great Kings of the day including a warning to Ravanasura that the Avatar of Vishnu had arrived and also to consummate the Sacred Wedding of Rama and Sita. As visualised the Sage, all these and many other events took place: the killing of Rakshasi Tadaki and the Rakshasa called Subahu as also the use of ‘Vayavyastra’ to sweep away demon Maricha to a far off place so that he would have to float again at a later date to assume the role of ‘Maya Golden Deer’ before Devi’s abduction by Ravanasura the liberation of Devi Ahalya by giving her normal form from a stone due to Sage Gautami-her husband’s curse the smash of Shiva Dhanush the wedding of Rama and Sita apart, Lakshmana was married to Urmila, Bharat to Mandvi, and Shatrughna with Shrutikirti the rupture of Bhagwan Parshuram’s ego by the shatter of Vaishnava Dhanush and his exit from the active life into the Ashram of Nara-Narayana.

Even as the City of Ayodhya was going in euphoria with preparations of Shri Rama’s becoming the Yuva Raja (the Heir Apparent) of the Kingdom, Devi Kaikeyi declared her intention known that Lord Ram should proceed for a fourteen year long spell of ‘Vana Vasa’ (forest life) and Bharata to become the Heir Apparent this was in the light of a boon that Dasaratha gave to Kaikeyi as she saved him on a war front and she reserved to deman it at this juncture.Bharat was out of station at his maternal uncle’s place and did not know about the demand Devi Sita insisted accompanying Rama and so did Lakshmana Dasaratha was in a swoon, followed by death the entire population of the Kingdom was crest-fallen!

Bharata insisted on Rama’s return but on the latter’s refusal took Rama’s footwear kept on the Throne which was worshipped daily and he became a temporary Administrator on behalf of King Rama.

Rama, Sita and Lakshmana the reached the mountain of Chitrakoot for a brief stay at the Ashram of Bharadwaja, further on to the Ashram of Atri Muni where the Muni’s wife Devi Anasuya enlightened the regulations of a ‘Pativrata’ anf finally entered the Dandakaranya where they stayed for long with Munis visiting their ‘Panchavati’ (a thatched cottage).

One frightful day, demoness Surpanakha, the sister of Ravana and Kumbhakarna, arrived at the Parnashala and proposed to Rama.Lakshmana cut off her ears and nose and as retaliation two Rakshasas attacked Rama and Lakshmana and the latter killed the domons. Surpanakha approached Ravana who planned the arrtaction of the golden deer disguised as Maricha. Sita was tempted to secure the deer and Rama alone chased the Maya Mriga and killed the demon while the latter shouted loudly the name of Rama to mislead Sita and Lakshmana so that Lakshmana would leave Sita and Ravana could enter the scene.

Lakshmana drew the famed ‘Lakshmana Rekha’ a line around Panchavati with Mantras and asked Sita not to go beyond the line. Ravana arrived as a Muni and asked for alms and Sita wanted him to enter the line but Ravana did not and insisted Sita to come out. As soon as she came out, Ravana appeared in his original form and abducted her by his Pushpak Viman. As Sita was sobbing loudly, the giant bird Jatayu, who was a friend of Dasaratha, made desperate attempts to stop Ravana’s Viman but the mighty Ravana slashed the bird’s wings as it fell down in a faint.

As Rama and Lakshmana did not find Sita on their return, they frantically searched and the dying Jatayu conveyed that Sita was abducted by Ravana. Having performed obsequies to Jatayu, Rama and Lakshmana reached the Ashram of Devi Shabari a unique devotee of Shri Rama and treated the brothers with fruits and Rama gave her the boon of Vishnu Sayujya.

Hanuman met Rama and Lakshmana and assured all kinds of assistance to Rama in finding Sita and eventually to destroy Ravana and his clan. He introduced the fugitive King of Kishkindha named Sugriva, raised confidence to Sugriva in killing his valiant brother Vaali who occupied his throne and after reoccupying his throne sent Hanuman to Lanka in search of Sita.The mighty Hanuman crossed the ocean and spotted Sita in Ashoka Vatika sobbing under an Ashoka tree. par convinced Sita as a devotee of Rama by showing Rama’s ring and assured her that very soon Rama and Lakshmana would reach Lanka with a huge Vanara Sena (Monkey brigade), kill Ravana and his entire followers and relieve her of bondage. Hanuman created havoc in the Ashoka vatika by killing all the security personnel, five Senapatis, seven sons of Ravana’s Ministers, and a son of Ravana. Indrajit the elder son of Ravana who also was a reputed warrior having defeated Indra and specialized in wars on the clouds thus securing the epithet of ‘Meghanadha’ encountered Hanuman who feigned Indrajit’s control Hanuman was face to face with Ravana in the latter’s court and allowed himself to let his tail burn which was extended endlessly and destroyed a large part of Ravana’s City as a warning to him that soon Rama and Lakshmana would arrive at Lanka to destroy Ravana and his entire tribe. On return to Kishkintha, Hanuman conveyed Rama and others about Sita’s bondage.

Rama, Lakshmana and the mammoth Vanara Sena under Sugriva’s leadership arrived on the sea coast to reach Lanka on the other side of the Ocean. Rama prayed to Samudra Deva (the Deity of the Ocean) to reduce the force of the violent tides and when Samudra Deva did not relent was even ready to punish the Deity. Samudra Deva the facilitated the construction of Rama Setu or the Bridge in the name of Rama across the Ocean huge boulders were thrown into the Ocean with the name of Rama inscribed and the boulders floated enabling the construction of the Bridge.Meanwhile the younger brother of Ravana called Vibhishana, a staunch devotee of Lord Vishnu approached Rama for refuge and soon became a confidant of Rama about matters related to Ravana and his associates.

Having crossed the Rama Setu, the gigantic and mighty Monkey Brigade commenced furious battle with the gallant Rakshasas. Indrajit who was a highly renowned warrior fought and killed thousands of Vanaras and succeeded in tying Rama and Lakshmana with ‘Nagaastra’, when Garuda the Carrier of Vishnu appeared and the snakes withered away. Meanwhile Kumbhakarna, another brother of Ravana who had a giant figure fought recklessly killing tens of thousands of Rama Sena, but finally fell down to the torrential rain-like arrows of Shri Rama. Indrajit attacked Lakshmana and made the latter unconscious when Hanuman brought Sanjeevini Mountain with medicinal shrubs got Lakshmana revived in the fierce battle that followed, Rama and Lakshmana destroyed Indrajit. In the meantime, Ravana desired to perform an ‘Abhicharatmika’ (Evil-oriented) Yagna out of desperation for Victory, but a few brave Vanaras got scent of it and destroyed the Yagna.

Then Ravana rode into the battle with his entire army of massive strength comprising elephants, horses, chariots and infantry and massacred Vanaras. Indra sent his Divya Ratha (Divine Chariot) to Shri Rama with Matangi as the Charioteer and the Greatest Battle of Treta Yuga was fought for seven days and nights, even as all the Devas headed by Indra, besides Brahma and Rudra, watched the Grand Spectacle of Rama-Ravana Yuddha! Rama had systematically smashed Ravana’s ten heads, but the destroyed heads were sprouting again and again and Ravana was thundering world shaking shrieks to show Rama’s helplessness. Lord Shiva gave a boon to Ravana to let the smashed heads were revived again and again. Finally, Rama pulled up his most powerful ‘Brahmastra’ to destroy a stock of ‘Ambrosia’in his belly (as hinted by Vibhishana) and crushed his chest which pierced through Earth and crashed into Rasatala into the nether world. Instantly, Devas who were visioning the proceedings from the Skies went into ecstasy showering rain of scented flowers on Rama Indra, Brahma and Rudra were relieved Gandharvas and Kinneras sang tuneful of lyrics of the Lord Apsaras danced with immense joy Sanaka and Sanandana brothers who gave a curse to Jaya and Vijaya the Dwarapaalakas of Vaikuntha as they were obstructed entry to vision Vishnu were satisfied that out of three births the first human birth was completed Maharshis and Siddhas recited Vedas and Scriptures as also hymns extolling Shri Rama.

Rama then appointed Vibhishana as the King of Lanka and blessed him and his progeny to rule till the next Pralaya!

Thereafter Devi Sita was directed to prove her ‘Pativratya’ (Purity) by entering into an ‘Agni Kunda’ since she stayed away for long time in Lanka before a huge gathering of spectators even Devas, Brahma and Rudra witnessed the scene, let alone Rakshasas, Gandharvas, Yakshas, human beings etc. Agni Devata himself brought back from the Agni Kunda and declared Devi Sita as an ever Pure, Chaste, Blameless and a peerless epitome of Pativratya.

Besides installing Vibhishana as the King, Indra and Devas too were bestowed with their lost glories denied to them for long due to the much-hated Ravana and his clan. The precious possessions of Swarga like Pushpaka Vimana of Kubera Deva were restored to the respective Devas.Accompanied by Sita and Lakshmana as well as Hanuman, Sugriva, Vibhishana, Vanara Yoddhas (Warriors) including Jambavanta, Nala, Neela, Subhaga, Sharabha, Sushena, and all the survivors among Vanara Sena crossed the Rama Setu, proceeded to the site of ‘Shiva Linga Pratishthana’ at Rameshwara and further on to Ayodhya to join the celebrations of Victory and Rajabhisheka. On return an anxious Ayodhya awaited the ‘Maryada Purushottam’, the Epic Hero and the Most Significant Avatara of Treta Yuga, proving once again that Lord Vishnu would assume human birth again and again as and when Dharma was in jeopardy and Adharma tended to take an upper hand in the Universe.

Now the activities of Lord Shri Rama, the Epic Hero of Ramayana, after the killing the infamous Ravanasura at Lanka providing great relief to Indra and Devas, Rishis and the virtuous as also the entire humanity. While narrating the Events as per Padma Purana as above, sesha was in a trance as the spell of Shri Rama was so intense that the Illustrious Serpent, whose bed Bhagavan Vishnu- the incarnation Shri Rama- rested on. Lord Rama bestowed the Kingship of Lanka to Vibhishana, the younger brother of the slain Ravana and sat on Pushpaka Viman along with Devi Sita, Lakshman, Hanuman, Sugriva and various other stalvarts who fought in the Battle with Ravana. Even as the Pushpaka Viman took off from Lanka to Ayodhya, there were showers of scented flowers and reverberating sounds of ‘Dundubhis’ (drums) from the skies by Devas and on the entire route on Earth there were loud recitals of Veda Mantras by Rishis and Brahmanas signifying the ‘Vijaya Yatra’ or the Victorious Return to Ayodhya. Raghunandan Rama showed to Sita some glimpses of Places like the Rama Setu by which Vanara Sena or the Monkey Brigade crossed the Ocean, Kishkindha where he met Sugriva and Hanuman, and the spots where he and Lakshmana searched for Sita. The Pushpak Viman approached Nandigram, where all these years of ‘Rama Vanavas’ King Bharat was ruling Ayodhya on behalf of Shri Rama by decorating the latter’s footwear on the Throne, Hanuman was asked to fly earlier and inform Bharata. As the Vimana touched the ground, there was a high moment of emotional meeting of Rama and Bharata. As advance notice was sent, the entire City of Ayodyha prepared itself with festivities and colourful receptions with joyous singing and ecstatic dances to welcome the Maryada Purusha Shri Rama, Maha Sadhvi Sita, the illustrious brothers Lakshmana and Bharata. With the Pushpak Viman descending down, the entire population of Ayodhyapuri went rapturous rendering high-pitched slogans viz.: Victory to Shri Rama, Victory to Devi Sita, Victory to Lakshmana and Victory to Raja Bharata. Dressed in their best attires befitting the euphoric moments of bliss, the ‘Puravasis’had no bounds of joy in welcoming the Hero and his Parivar emerging from the Viman. The high tides of humanity who suppressed their emotions during his absence of for fourteen long years were surcharged with passions and inexplicable hilarity.

Shri Rama first entered Devi Kaikeya’s Chambers and after prostrating before her asked her if there were any other wishes of hers yet unfulfilled! She stooped her head down in shame and could not utter one word out of remorse and anguish. From there, Shri Rama accompanied by Sita and Lakshmana visited Devi Sumitra and Shatrughna and postrated to her too she expressed overflowing grief and relief and profusely thanked Rama for his highest consideration for her son Lakshmana. Further on both Rama and Sita entered the Chamber of Devi Kaushalya who swooned first for some time and after recovery embraced the son and daughter-in-law and declared that Sadhvi Sita was the finest example of womanhood for ever! After all the euphoria subsided, Bharat called the Ministers, Astrologers and Maharshi Vasishtha to decide on the time and date of Shri Rama Pattabhishekam (Coronation). The Historic Celebration of ‘Rama Rajabhisheka’ was a landmark in Treta Yuga attended by Lord Brahma, Devas, Maharshis and the highly satisfied ‘Praja, and heralded the highly famed Rama Rajya. As Rama was seated as its Head on the Naksha (Atlas) of ‘Sapta Lokas’ of Prithvi, all the Devas, Daityas, Nagas, Yakshas, Asuras, and of course the entire humanity were performing their respective duties with devotion and care as per established regulations of Dharma (Virtue), Nyaya (Justice), Law and Order, and Social Security. Sadhus and Sages were happy as never before, none resorted to foul means of any kind, women folk had no difficulties and they too observed the regulations as Pativratas Sacred Activities like Yagnas, Vratas, Punya Karyas, Tirtha Yatras, Daanas, Dhyanas, and Veda Pathanas were in full swing. In response to Rama’s appeals Daityas, Maha Sarpas and other Power Joints of the Rajya, none dared to follow the ways of the Evil. To Devas too Shri Ram made requests not to impose any ‘Aadhi Daivika’ based problems such as natural disasters like Earth quakes, floods and droughts or excessive rains or ‘Akaala Maranas’ or premature deaths. The Praja in Rama Rajya were instrtucted to observe the ‘Varnaashrama Vidhana’, perform useful tasks like construction of wells, Sarovars, Temples, Choultries, Udyanavanas or Public Gardens, Pashu Palana or raising cattle, farming and such useful engagements rather than indulge in unhealthy and anti- social activities such as thieving, pilfering, causing hurt to others, amassing money and squandering for foul tasks, prostitution, betting, racing, drinking and yielding to immoral activities. As Shri Rama was an ideal Institution of ‘Sishta Rakshaka’ (Protector of Virtue and Justice) and ‘Dushta Sikshaka’ (Punisher of the Evil), the normal Praja (General Public) proved to be a darling King owing to his suave and benevolent treatment and as a severe chastiser and Task Master of wrong doings.

As a petty minded Washerman in the Rama Rajya scandalised Sadhvi Sita once that after all she stayed in Ravana’s Lanka for long enough and was not above suspicion concerning her character, Maryada Purusha Shri Rama abandoned her so as to set an example to his Praja.

This was the time when Rama intensified the strictness of his administration in the Kingdom. Sesha Nag narrated to Vatsyayana that Agastya Maha Muni visited Rama once and in the course of exchange of views, Rama desired to know from Agastya about Ravana’s background, who was the Villian-in-Chief of Ramayana forcing Rama to wage a battle with the Demon for kidnapping Devi Sita. Agastya Muni informed Shri Rama that Lord Brahma’s son was Pulastya and the latter’s son was Vishwavaka with two wives viz. Mandakini and Kaikasi. Mandakini begot Kubera who by virtue of his Tapsya became the Chief of Yakshas and a Pushpak Viman. Ravan, Kumbhakarna and Vibhishana were the sons of Kaikasi. Kubera performed sincere and strict Tapasya and achieved the position of a ‘Loka Palaka’and possessed a Vimana too he was coming and going to meet his parents by the Vimana. Kaikasi was jealous of Mandakini and so were Ravana and Kumbhakarna against Kubera. This prompted Ravana brothers to peform Tapasya, although Vibhishana did the meditation for noble reasons. Lord Brahma was pleased with Ravana’s Tapasya and blessed him to become the King of a large Kingdom and made him superior to Devas as a result Devas fled from Swarga. Ravana occupied Lanka too and forcibly took away Kubera’s Viman. Although Ravana and Kumbhakarna were Brahmanas, they took to the habits of Rakshasas, while they suffered Vibhishana who was virtuous and devoted. But as the evil actions of Ravana and Kumbhakarna were reaching a point of no return, Devas and Indra reached Brahma for help and along with Rudra they all approached Lord Vishnu. The latter declared (by way of an Akaasha vaani or the Voice of Skies) that soon a high merited King of Ayodhya of Surya Vamsa of the clan of ‘Ikshvaaku’named Dasaratha would beget four sons from three wives viz. Rama to the eldest wife Kousalya, Lakshmana and Shatrughna to Sumitra and Bharata to Kaikeyi. The declaration also stated that Rama and Lakshmana would completely destroy Ravana and Kumbhakarna as well as their offsping and instal Vibhishana as the King of Lanka in a completely new set up following Dharma and Justice.The Akashavaani further said that several Devatas would be born as ‘Vaanaras’ or monkeys and bears.This was the retrospect of the demolition of Ravana, Kumbhakarna and others of the Clan.

Having learnt of the family background of Ravana and others from Maharshi Agastya, Rama felt extremely remorseful that he had perpetrated ‘Brahma hatya’since Ravana was from Brahmana vamsa which was the like the unique tree bearing the various branches of Vedas and Shastras. Agastya told Rama that he was the incarnation of Vishnu who was the Kartha (Originator), Palak (Preserver) and Samharak (Destroyer) and Devi Sita was Maha Vidya Herself and the extreme evil exercised by Ravana gave relief to the world and as such what Rama did was laudable but not regretful. However if there was the least feeling of regret, he might as well perform Aswamedha Yagna as the famous King Manu, Sagara, Marut and Nahusha’s son Yayati had in the past and attained ‘Parama Pada’.Thus the inspiration to perform the Yagna came forth from Agastya Muni.

As a first step, a suitable, sturdy and steady horse was selected with excellent features. Then under the supervision of Vasishtha Muni, the Kingdom’s Chief Rishi, Shri Rama tilled a four yojana wide and long bhumi on Sarayu River banks with a golden plough selected a suitable Yagna Vedika (Platform) with the required number of Mandapas and Agni Kundas decorated with jewels invited Maharshis and Tapasvis of high standing like Narada, Asita, Parvat, Kapila, Jaatukarnya, Angira, Aashtishena, Atri, Goutami, Haarita,Yagnavalkya, and Sarvat constructed suitable Ashramas for the Invitee Rishis and disciples Conferences were held to decide on the format, procedure and daily programing prescribed do’s and don’ts of physical, moral and spiritual content ‘niyamas and nigrahas’ (norms and restrictions) etc. Lakhsmana brought the Yagnashwa at the appointed time, formal Pujas were performed by Brahmanas and ‘Suvasini’ Women the Surya Vamsa flag of Victory was hoisted on the horse a gold sheet was hung around the horse-neck with an Inscription saying that the horse belonged to Shri Rama and whosoever stopped it would be severely punished Shatrughna was made over-all in charge of the huge armed Sena (Army), elephants, horses, chariots and carts leading the Yagnashwa Pushkala the son of Bharata was made in charge of the rear side of the ‘Ashwa’ Bhakta Hanuman headed the entourage and at the most propitious Muhurta the Yagna Horse was released, along with the recitals of Veda Mantras and ‘Mangala Vadyas’amid big shouts of Victory to Shri Rama Chandra. The Procession with the Yagnashva in the lead moved on with instruction from Shri Rama that the course of the Ashwa should not be conducted as the horse would move freely. The first halt was at the Avicchtra Nagari where there was a noted Temple of Devi Kamakshi who appeared before King Samuda performing Tapasya and gave the boon of invincibility she also asked the King to offer his entire Kingdom and riches to Shatrughna as he would pass through the Nagari along with the horse of Ashvamedha Yagna to be conducted Shri Rama of Surya Vamsha and the killer of Ravanasura. Accordingly, Shatrughna was given all kinds of honours by King Samuda. After a three day halt, the King made his son a ‘Samanta Raja’of Ayodhya and moved on along with Shatrughna and Pushkala.

As the Yagnashwa moved on nearing the Ashram of Sage Chyavana and Devi Sukanya, Pradhan Mantri Sumati who was in the entourage of Shatrughna explained their episode: The son of Sage Bhrigu named Chyavan was engaged in very rigorous Tapasya when King Sharyati was performing ‘snaan’ in the River Narmada and Tarpana to Devas and Pitras the Princess Sukanya along with her companions was moving about in a forest on the banks of Narmada. Out of fun, Sukanya nearing a bush pierced with a piece of wood into perhaps a couple of glittering worms, but got alarmed when blood spilt out and there were trebles of Earth and lightenings. She ran and informed her father who was resting on the river banks about the incident. The King went up to the bush and found to his horror that Sunanya did not pierce the lighting worms but the eyes of a Sage engrossed in Tapasya, causing him to blindness.The King apologised profusely and offered his teen age daughter to the sick and aged Sage in wedding as a compensation. The daughter Sukanya served the Sage with sincerity and once the two Asvini Kumar Brothers who were passing by were impressed with her ‘Pativartya’(seva to husband) and gave her the boons of eye sight to her husband as also youth and charm. In gratitude, the Sage Chyavan, by virtue of his Tapasya, gave the boon to Ashwini Kumars to secure sips of ‘Somarasa’ (the Celestial Drink) denied to them hitherto as also fulfledged Devatva with eligibility for enjoying ‘havis’ or the fruit of Yagnas. Lord Indra was furious at these boons to Asvini Kumars and raised his hand to punish them all but the Sage Chyavan in turn held Indra’s hand tight and Indra had no option to gtant the boons to Ashvini Kumars! While Mantri Sumati narrated the Story of the Sacred Couple of Sage Chyavan and Devi Sukanya, the ‘Sacrifice Horse’, Shatrughna and the entire entourage reached the Ashram, worshipped them and requested them to visit the Place of the Rama Yagna, as Hanuman carried the Chyavana couple to Rama Chandra and the Place of the Maha Yagna in progress.

As the Yagnashva moved ahead, Pradhana Mantri Sumati told Sharughna that they were about to reach Neelachala and the Sacred Temple of Bhagavan Purushottama with four arms on the Mountain top. They reached Ratnaathata Nagar where King Vimal who became extremely excited and organised refreshments to the entire entourage. He also made a symbolic dedication of is Kingdom to Shri Rama and gave away valuable gifts to Shatrughna and others. King Vimal narrated an unsual story about the incidents which happened in the past about the Neelachala Mountain. He quoted a Brahmana visiting the Neelachala Mountain and found outside the Purushottama Temple there were a few Tirtha Yatris who possessed four hands armed with Gada, Chakra, Saranga and a lotus. Similarly a Kirata (Hunter) saw spectacls of a few children with ‘Chaturbhjas’armed likewise with glittering robes! When the children were asked by the Kirata, they said that a few morsels of Maha Prasada which fell on the ground were eaten, they came out with the Chaturbhujas!

From Neelachala, the Yagnashva halted at Chakranga Nagar ruled by King Subahu, where Prince Daman felt that the manner the Ashwamegha was publicised all over the World smacked of pride and ego and ordered his Senapati to keep his army ready to fight. On behalf of Shatrughna, Raja Pratapagna shouted that the Yagnaashva disappeared and Prince Daman replied that he had kept the horse and if possible might get it back after a fight! A battle ensued and Raja Pratapagna was defeated by Daman. Shatrughna wondered as to who was this imp of a Raja Kumar called Daman who did considerable damage to elephants, horses and chariots and felled on ground the capable Raja Pratappagna wounded with blood! Price Pushkala the son of Bharata was so angry that he swore to control or kill Daman. A fierce battle took place and finally Pushkala defeated Daman Kumar whose body was profusely bleeding and his horse took back to the Court of King Subahu. The King, his brother Suketu who was a master of Gada Yudhha (Battle of Maces) and Subahu’s son Chitranga an expert of Battle Designs had all appeared together and designed a ‘Krouncha Vyuha’ the entire strength of the sea-like army of Subahu was mobilised and put Shatrughna on red alert. The most powerful warriors of Subahu were kept at the tactical head position and sides of the ‘Krouncha Pakshi’s war design. Subahu was in desperate and distressed condition as his son was bleeding with wounds on death bed revenge was the watchword of Subahu’s entire army. Shatrughna knew the seriousness of the situation as a minor scuffle restricted to Daman and Pushkala had snow-balled into a full-fledged battle with military offensives and complicated battle designs. He addressed the Shri Rama Sena and exhorted its warriors that the situation was such that had to be faced with alertness, valour and brain power to be able to break the Krouncha Vyuha. Raja Lakshminidhi the son of King Janaka took a vow that he would face Suketu and destroy the Vyuha designed by the latter in no time. There was a one-to-one battle as both were equally worked up and it continued for long time with ups and downs. The warriors then took to ‘Gada-Yuddha’ (mace-war) and it prolonged for long time finally, Lakshminidhi was able to overpower Suketu and there were shouts of relief resounded while both the parties appreciated with each other. In the battle that continued, Pushkala killed Chitranga. Subahu was extremely upset with the killings of his brother and son and became most desperate to kill thousands of warriors, elephants, horses and foot-soldiers and finally challenged Shatrughna. Hanuman who was providing cover to Shatrughna as he was in the defensive position and received showers of arrows of King Subahu which hurt Hanuman. The highly enraged Hanuman kicked King Subahu on his chest by his powerful feet and grounded him. It was in a stage of stupor, the King witnessed a vision when Brahma and Devatas were eulogizing Shri Rama as an Avatar of Vishnu. Having realised his folly, he made desperate shouts to Daman, Suketu and Vichitra saying that Shri Rama was none else but Bhagavan Vishnu and the battle should end forthwith. There after he apologised to Shatrughna for what all had happened, performed ‘Atmarpana’ (Surrender) and returned the Yagnashva with honour.

As the Yagnashva moved on for a few days, suddenly there emerged a frightful darkness since close friends of the deceased Ravanasura, two Rakshasas of Patalaloka named Vidyunmali and Ugradamshtra wanted to avenge Ravana’s death and luckily for them an opportunity came on its own with the launch of the Yagna and to trap the Rama Sena by hiding the Yagnashwa. The Rakshasa Brothers succeeded in hiding the horse. Bharat Kumar Pushkal made a deadly declaration that if he did not return with theYagashwa, then he should be deemed a fictitious devotee of Shri Rama. Hanuman too took a similar vow. Other warriors too took vows and Shatrugna was not far behind. Meanwhile the Rakshasa Brothers shouted: where is Rama we want to kill him and take revenge! Vidyunmali straightaway targetted Pushkala and threw a ‘Shakti’ on his chest, while Pushkala rained arrows on the Rakshasa and the latter’s chest was pierced through as lot of blood flowed out from his heart and Vidyunmali fell on the ground unconscious. Reacting to this sharply, Ugradamshtra threw a red-hot Trishul from the Demon’s viman on Pushkal’s heart and the latter fell unconscious inside his chariot. Hanuman witnessed that Bharat Kumar Pushkal was in risk and instantly expanded his body to pull down the Rakshasa occupants of the Viman, especially Ugradamshtra and hurled a hot Trishul on the Rakshasa, who in turn used his Maya to bring in a complete cover of darkness in which it was difficult to perceive who was a companion and who was an opponent. Witnessing these fast developments, Shatrughna took the name of Shri Rama and slashed the Cover of Maya that Ugradamshtra brought in by one arrow and with another quick arrow of Sammohanastra on the battle field. By yet another arrow, he brought down the Viman from where Ugradamshtra was fighting. The demon used ‘Paashupatastra’ againt Shatrughna and the latter had no option but to utilise ‘Narayanastra’ to balance the former. Meanwhile a recovered Vidyunmali was about to toss a Trishul on Shatrughna but a smart Shatrughna hacked the hand of Vidyunmali with an arrow and simultaneously flinged another arrow to pitch down the demon’s head. Soon after in quick action, Shatrughan also hurled a ‘kripan’ (Small knife) on Ugradamshtra and killed that demon brother too.

As the Yagnyashva ambled along towards the banks of River Narmada, Prime Minister Sumati suggested to Shatrughna a quick visit to the Ashram of Muni Aranyaka. When the Muni was informed by Sumati that an Ashwamedha Yagna was being performed, the Sage replied that those foolish persons who were wasting their time and energy in performing Yagnas and Vratas during the short life span should be advised to best utilise their time to Shri Rama ‘Smarana’ (Memory) as Shri Rama was itself an Yagna, a Vrata, a Puja, a Maha Mantra, Veda and Shastra. Then Suman introduced Shatrughna, Bharat Kumar, Hanuman and others and the Sage was thrilled to see them all and re-emphasised that there was no other Deity like Shri Rama and no there bhajan better than his. Shatrughna then arranged Muni Aranyaka’s visit to Ayodhya and the Muni after meeting Shri Rama in person felt so satisfied that he did not wish for anything else in life and by the grace of Shri Rama left for Vishnu loka!

The Yagnashva reached the beautiful and properous Devapura at Vindhyas where even building walls were made of precious stones and the King Veeramani was an extraordinary devotee of Bhagavan Shiva. The elder Prince Rukmanga arrested the Yagnashwa and brought it to the Capital but since he came to know that the horse belonged to Shri Rama in connection with a Yagna, the King was hesitant to approve the action. Nor Shiva, who was prayed to by the King the latter said that since the the action was already taken, it would not be in tune with Kshatriya Dharma to take a retreat step. By way of assurance, Shiva too resolved to fight with Lord Rama, since Shiva as a devotee of Sri Rama had as much responsibility to the King who also was a great devotee of Shiva. Thus a vicious circle got into motion. Meanwhile, Brahmarshi Narada alerted all concerned ie. Shatrughan, Shri Rama, the King Veeramani and the typical ‘Kalaha Priya’ readied the armies of both Sharughna and the King. Raja Veeamamari called his Senatpati and got an excellent army ready and Sharughna advised Rama’s army to get readied too.The opening duel was of Rukmanga and Pushkal. Rukmanga recited a Mantra and the chariot of Pushkala commenced ‘Bhubhraman’ (circling fastly).With difficulty the Rath was stopped but the enraged Pushkala recited a return Mantra which made Rukmanga’s chariot fly right up to the Surya mandal where it got burnt and fell down but Rukmanga was thrown out unconscious. King Veeramani was alarmed with fury approaching Pushkala and as a chain reaction Hanuman sought to reach Pushkala for rescue but Pushkala became over confident and prevented Hanuman and asked the latter to help Shatrughna instead. There was a one-to-one battle between Pushkala and Veeramani and by using a mighty arrow in the name of Shri Rama made Veeramani unconscious. Surprisingly, Bhagavan Shiva himself entered the battle field at this juncture as King Veeramani the unique devotee of Shiva fell unconscious! Shiva instructed Veerabhadra to help Veeramani and Nandi to control Hanuman. Thus Veerabhadra killed Pushkala, Shiva Himself made Shatrughna unconscious at the same time appreciated Hanuman’s valour. Hanuman addressed Bhagavan Shiva saying that quite often, Shiva was confirming his devotion to Vishnu and his Avatar Shri Rama, but it was surprising that this time he was fighting against Shri Rama! Hanuman replied that King Veeramani was a great devotee of his and it was a ‘Maryada’ or Courtesy to defend a devotee just as Rama too would defend his devotees likewise! Basically both were two entities of the Paramatma! Then Hanuman asked Bhagavan Shankara for granting boons to let all the persons who died in this battle be resuscitated. Shri Rama made his presence at the battle field when Shiva prostrated Shatrughna, Hanuman and all the rest were highly surprised and the persons who were declared dead in the battle came back alive and all were happpy. Shri Rama then explained to one and all that the Dharma of Deities was to safeguard the interests of their Bhaktas and what Shiva did in defending King Veeramani and his side was the best that he had done that his heart was full of Shiva and vice-versa and those thought other wise would be dispatched to Kumbhapaka Naraka! Those who were Shiva’s devotees were Shri Rama’s beloved Bhaktas and those who were Shiva followers were Vishnu’s devotees too.

Sesha Nag described to Sage Vatsayan that as the Sacrificial Horse reached the precincts of Valmiki Ashram, Shi Rama’s sons Lava and Kusha -who were unaware that Rama was their father as Devi Sita staying in Valmiki Ashram under the care of the Sage’s care did not inform the twin boys of the relationship as they were born in the Ashram after Rama abandoned Sita-reacted sharply against the inscription on the Golden Plate hung around the Yagnashva they tied the horse and brought it inside the Ashram. The soldiers accompanying the horse ignored the two boys who tied the horse out of child play and started untying the horse and instantly, the hands of the soldiers were severed as they ran to Shatrughna to inform the incident. Understandably, Shatrughna grew angry but felt that the boys who did this might not be ordinary but might have perhaps been Devatas at the behest of Indra! Thus he ordered his Senapati Kaalajit to quickly alert the Army for a full-fledged battle.In the battle that ensued between the Senapati and Lava Kumara, the Senatapti was killed and there was allround ‘hahakar’(frieghtened shouts) from the Army. Shatrughna asked Pushkal to take a big Army and proceed against the boy Lava. Pushkal said to Lava that he would be gifted a chariot so that both might fight on equal terms as a reply, Lava destroyed Pushkal’s chariot instantly and asked Pushkal now grounded was heckled by Lava on ‘equal terms’! In the battle that followed Pushkal rained arrows on Lava and in response despatched a cobra like poisonous arrow aimed at Pushkal’s chest and the latter fell flat on the ground. Hanuman who was nearby took the body of Pushkala to Shatrughna who instructed Hanuman to kill Lava mercilessly. The highly charged Hanuman hurled huge trees and boulders and Lava cut them to pieces as a sport. By the severity and swiftness with which poisonous arrows were flinged at Hanuman, the latter could not control himself even as the gigantic body that he assumed fell flat on the ground! The highly puzzled Shatrughna wondered as to who these two boys were who felled the Most Valiant Hanuman himself! As he drove the Golden Chariot towards the boys, he felt that their resemblance with Shri Ram was so striking that he asked them as to who they were and what their parentage was. The boys gave a stiff reply that it was not essential to know such details since their horse was captured by them and let him try if he could retrieve it. In the course of the battle, Shatrughna was stunned and stumbled as he had to quickly change his bows that were broken and the chariots that were destroyed and was finally knock down with unconsciousness. As Shatrughna was hit, Raja Surath and others surrounded and resorted to ‘Adharma Yuddha’ or unjust battle and caused Lava to hurt into unconsciousness. As the news of Lava’s state was informed, Devi Sita was informed and Kusha hurried to the warfront and instantly faced Shatrughna who by now got revived and nodoubt knew that Kusha and Lava were twins and the sons of Shri Rama, but the most furious Kush had was on attack with the ‘Narayana Astra’ hurled on Shatrughna but this powerful arrow was turned ineffective. In reply, Shatrughna took a vow in the name of Shri Rama and rleased an arrow but the desperate Kusha took the vow on his Mother Devi Sita and retaliated. Shatrughna fell unconscious again.Sugreeva took over the position of Commander in Chief and fought with Kusha as also with Lava who recovered again by then. Sugreeva too fell down and Lava and Kusha tied both Sugreeva and Hanuman and carried them to Devi Sita who was aghast to witness the Maha Viras in that condition. The boys relented to her instruction to release them but as per Kshatriya Dharma they would have to return to the Battle Field. On releasing both Hanuman and Sugreeva, Devi Sita came to know that Shatrughna was lying unconscious. Devi Sita then remembered Shri Rama and addressed Surya Deva that if she were to be a true Pativrata, Shatrughna should be revived and not only that who ever lost their lives in the Battle should be also revived! Indeed her wish was fullfilled and all was well. As per Sita’s instruction, Lava and Kusha released the Yagyashva and the entire entourage headed by Shatrugna returned to Ayodhya after the successful Victory tour of Yagyashva and all the defeated Kings who clashed with Rama Sena were paraded before Shri Rama. But Shri Rama was more curious to learn more about the valour of Lava and Kusha. He was keen on Devi Sita’s return to Ayodhya and despatched Lakshmana to bring her back, but she refused to return. She agreed however to send Lava and Kusha after Sage Valmiki trained the boys to sing a ballad before Shri Rama and others. The boy’s sang the entire Ramayana since the birth of Shri Rama and brothers, including Sita’s abandon Lakshmana leaving her to her fate her rescue by Maharshi Valmiki her ‘Agnatavasa’ delivery of the twin brothers the Sage’s excellent training of the boys in warfare and Kshatriya Dharmas, knowledge of Adminstration and of Kingship Shri Rama’s popularity with Sages, citizens, and each and every being as Maryada Purusha Sage Vishwamitra’ s insistence to safeguard his Yagna and the killing of Demoness Tataki and Subahu Sita’s Swayamvara Kaikeyee’s desire to Bharata’s becoming the Heir Apparent and Ram’s Vanavasi killing of notorious Rakshasas, Sita’s ‘Apaharana’ (kidnap) by Ravana Rama’s befriending with Sugreeva and Hanuman Hanuman’s trip to Lanka to trace Sita the crossing of the Ocean the killing of Ravana and the entire clan, Vibheeshana becoming the Lanka King the Rama Rajya Rama abandoning Devi Sita on the basis of a Secret Report of a washerman’s allegation about Devi Sita’s character notwithstanding Sita’s pregnancy and Rama performing Ashvamedha Yagna. Shri Rama was overwhelmed with emotions at the ballad sung by the the twins, his pride to have secured such illustrious twins and the remorse to have abandoned Sadhvi Sita. Already, Sage Valmiki arrived to attend the Ashvamedha Yagna as a respected Guest of Honour at Ayodhya. He narrated how Devi Sita was fortunately seen by him in the forest that Lakshmana abandoned her her transfer to hisAshram and her continuous grief, the birth of Lava and Kusha, his upbringing with considerable training in Dhanur Veda, Fine Arts, and what all was required by an ideal Kshatriya and a King including the nuances of Administration, Yoga and Siddhis and an exemplary human being worthy of the sons of a Maryada Purusha. Valmiki further stated that he visited Varuna Deva, Agni Deva and other Lokapalakas who had unanimously referred to Devi Sita’s purity and piety as a Maha Pativrata Sadhvi born into this world a ready proof of her ‘Shuddhata’ and highest devotion to Shri Rama was the coming back alive of lakhs of dead persons at the various battles en route the travel of the Yagnashva, since she wished so! Having heard what all Maharshi Valmiki stated in Public and in the midst of the most recognised and pious Sages-in-Chief soon after the Great Singing of Ramayana by Lava and Kusha, Shri Rama asked Lakshman to visit Valmiki Ashram and invite Devi Sita to Ayodhya, in the context of the Victory Celebrations as also the Sacred and Historic Termination of Ashvamedha Yagna. As Lakshmana reached the Ashram and requested Devi Sita, she asked him as to how could she return to Ayodhya having been humiliated and discarded with baseless allegations.Lakshman narrated most convincingly as to what all happened at Ayodhya, how the Twins sang Ramayana and the spontaneous reactions and glorious comments about Devi Sita from the Maharshis, Devas and Loka Palakas (as reported by Sage Valmiki). He prostrated before her and requested her to visit Ayodhya.The Ashvamedha Yagna concluded with the display of the pride of Surya Vamsha, the unreserved gaiety of the Praja of Rama Rajya, the relentless recitals of Veda Mantras by the Maharshis, the blessings of Brahma and Maha Deva the showers of flowers from the heavens by Indra, Loka Palakas, Pancha Bhutas and Devas the joyous singing of Gandarvas and the celestial dances of Apsaras. Most interestingly, even by the touch of Shri Rama the Yagnashva (Sacrificial Horse) turned into a human being redeemed after the touch, since Sage Durvasa cursed the person in the past and when sincerely apologised gave the boon of Rama’s sacred touch.

Sesha Nag assured Sage Vatsayana that whoever heard or read the proceedings of Shri Rama’s Ashvamedha Yagna would get rid off Maha Patakas, secure prosperity, excellent health, and contentment in life even a chandala or athiest would attain ‘Parama Pada’!


Lord Rama - The Lord Of Virtue - History

Introduction

O Lord Rama! O Raghava!
Thou art an ocean of mercy.
Thou art Maryada Purushottama.
Thou art the refuge of devotees.
I have filled my being
With Thy love.
I installed Thee
In my heart.
Om Sri Ramaya Namah.

THE gods, the Gandharvas, Siddhas and holy Rishis approached Brahma and said, "O venerable Lord! The demon Ravana is harassing us in various ways through his power on account of Your boon to him. We are not able to check him. Please protect us."

In the meanwhile, Lord Hari arrived. He said to the gods, "O gods! Be not afraid. I shall incarnate on earth to protect you all and destroy the wicked Ravana."

Lord Vishnu divided Himself into four portions and chose King Dasaratha for His father.

The Birth of the Lord

King Dasaratha who was endowed with good fortune, who was devoted to truth, who vas brave and famous, was without a son. He was very much troubled in his heart. He approached his family preceptor Vasishtha and said, "O my venerable master! I have no issue to carry on the line. I am troubled with the sorrow of being childless."

Vasishtha said, "O righteous king! You will beget four mighty sons. Bring Rishya Sringa. Perform at once the sacrifice called the Putrakameshti."

Dasaratha brought the Rishi to Ayodhya and performed the sacrifice. The God of Fire appeared from the fire of the sacrifice. He had a golden vessel full of divine Payasa. He said, "O best of kings! Take this Payasa made by the gods in heaven. Give it to your worthy wives. You shall beget by them mighty sons."

Dasaratha obtained the permission of Vasishtha and Rishya Sringa and gave the Payasa half and half to his queens Kausalya and Kaikeyi. Sumitra also went there. She also wanted to take a portion of the Payasa. Kausalya joyfully gave her half of her share. Kaikeyi also gave her half of her share with immense joy. All the queens became pregnant.

In the tenth month, Kausalya gave birth to a son of superhuman form. On the ninth lunar day of the bright half of the month of Chaitra, under the star Punarvasu, and Lagna Karkata (the auspicious zodiacal sign of cancer), the five constellations in the ascendent, appeared on earth the great and prosperous Sri Rama with mighty arms, the eternal Lord, the Master of the world, the joy of Dasaratha. He bore all the auspicious marks on His fair body. His form was effulgent like a thousand suns.

Bharata was born to Kaikeyi. Sumitra gave birth to two sons, twins, Lakshmana and Satrughna. At their birth, the Gandharvas sang and the Apsaras danced in joy. There was a shower of flowers from above.

King Dasaratha gave to Brahmins a thousand villages, gold, clothes, jewels and cows. He performed the birth ceremony of Jatakarma.

Vasishtha conferred the names. Kausalya’s son was named Rama, because He gave joy and happiness to all, because the Munis found in Him delight through Knowledge in order to cross this ocean of ignorance.

Bharata was so named, because he protected all. Lakshmana was so named, because he was endowed with auspicious attributes. Satrughna was given that name, as he was the destroyer of enemies.

Sri Rama was an Avatara of Lord Hari Lakshmana was an Avatara of Adisesha Bharata and Satrughna were Avataras of Conch and Discus. Sita was an Avatara of Sri Lakshmi.

All the sons of Dasaratha were heroic and virtuous. They were well-versed in the Vedas. They were also very well trained in horsemanship, in encounters with sword and shield, in warcraft and kingcraft.

These princes were extremely handsome, strong, virtuous, holy and contented from their very boyhood. They were patient, brave, truthful and firm. They soon captivated the heart of the public.

Sri Rama excelled His brothers in bravery and truthfulness. Of all the four brothers, Sri Rama was a paragon of virtues.

The Divine Virtues of Rama

He was well accomplished, beautiful and endowed with royal marks. He was the foremost of those who were skilled in bows and arrows. He had His sway all over the world.

He had eyes like lotus-petals and a countenance like full moon. He had a deep voice. He had equally proportionate limbs. His gait was slow and majestic. It was that of a lion. He had four lines on His thumb. He had a pointed nose. He had high forehead.

Sri Rama possessed red eyes and arms that were sinewy. His steps were like those of an elephant. He had long arms, broad shoulders, and black and curly hair. He was valiant and glowing with splendour. He was in no way inferior to Indra himself in battle. He was well-versed in holy scriptures and equal to Brihaspati in wisdom. He was skilled in every science. He was an object of love and reverence with all people. He had His senses under perfect control. Even His enemies were pleased to see Him. He was the terror of the wicked and the protector of the virtuous. He was endowed with keen intelligence. He could never be vanquished by anyone.

Sri Rama’s glory and powers were unlimited. He was peerless on earth. He was free from malice. He was gentle and was the protector of His people. He always addressed the people in gentle words. He never used any harsh words even when somebody addressed Him rudely.

Rama was not only kind and affectionate, but generous and considerate for the feelings of all around Him. He had a splendid physique and winning manners. He had a magnanimous personality. He was extremely noble, generous, chivalrous and fearless. He was very simple and absolutely free from ostentation.

Sri Rama was wise and virtuous. He was effulgent like the sun, in forgiveness like the earth, in intelligence like Brihaspati, in frame like Vasava, in prowess like Indra. He observed ascetic vows and honoured saints. He would forget hundreds of evils done to Him, but would gratefully remember a single act of kindness ever shown.

In the leisure when He was not engaged in His martial exercises, He had discussions on the Shastras with the wise and the aged people. He always followed the right in every walk of His life and never swerved from His royal duties.

If anybody would approach Him, He would talk to him first. He was exceedingly powerful, but never haughty for that. He was the upholder of the four castes. He conferred honour upon people. He was worshipped by all. He was well-versed in polity and was greatly devoted to the Brahmins.

Rama was a friend of the poor and chastiser of the wicked. He was a cosmic benefactor. He was well-versed in religion, social customs and laws. He looked after the welfare of His subjects, and the people too loved Him immensely. He never indulged in profane and irrelevant talks. He had mastery over Yajurveda, Dhanur Veda, the Vedangas, etc. Whenever people put a question to Him, He answered them wisely, like Brihaspati. He was skilful in the use of all arms. He was honoured by the scholars of the Vedas. He was proficient in philosophy and poetry.

Sri Rama never spoke a lie even in extreme danger or peril. He was brave, candid and modest. He was the source of all good. He always respected His superiors. He was free from idleness. He was ever vigilant. He sought no evil. He had perfect control over anger.

He was ever ready to keep a vigilant watch over His own faults. He had aged and pious Brahmins for His guide.

He was an expert rider, a great warrior, a valiant general. He had great skill in the military manoeuvres. He was unconquered even by the gods. He was free from the evil habit of carping.

Sri Rama was happy in adversity, calm in miseries, intrepid in dangers.

Rama was a mighty hero. He was the hero of heroes. He killed single-handed great and renowned warriors like Khara and Dushana. He vanquished the invincible Vali.

Sri Rama’s Dedication to Truth and Duty

Sri Rama, the hero of Valmiki’s Ramayana, is an embodiment of every social and domestic virtue. His sense of filial duty is unparalleled in the history of the world.

He kicked off the throne and the pleasures of the senses and the world to fulfil the words of His father.

If Rama would have longed for the throne, it was quite easy for Him to get it. He was very popular. He was the mightiest of heroes He destroyed the Rakshasas and bent the tremendous bow of Lord Siva. But, He did not show the least physical force. He gladly accepted what was dictated by the cruel and wicked Kaikeyi. Throne possessed less fascination for Him than the obedience to His father’s behests. He kicked off the kingdom and the comforts of a king. He gladly accepted the exile. The laudable virtues of Sri Rama cannot be adequately described.

Sri Rama’s life was a life of holy obedience, of stainless purity, of matchless simplicity, laudable contentment, commendable self-sacrifice, and remarkable renunciation. He paid equal respect to His mother and His step-mothers, and revered His Guru.

Sri Rama is known as Maryada Purushottama. He adhered to the injunctions of the Shastras. He led the life of an ideal householder to teach the world the Dharmas of a Grihastha. He never swerved an inch from truth and duty.

His adherence to duty was remarkable and illustrious. He even abandoned His wife who was His life, heart and soul to ensure the good of His subjects, and sacrificed His personal happiness. He was prepared to sacrifice His very life even to secure the contentment of His people and to stick to His duty. He lived for His people.

Sita once told Rama to seek shelter in a safe place and to let the forest dwellers alone, as there was much danger there. Rama’s reply revealed His firm determination to adhere to truth and to His duty, as a king, to protect those who took shelter under Him. Sri Rama said, "O Sita, I may even give up life, or you, or Lakshmana but can never give up the performance of My word, given particularly to helpless Brahmins. Rama speaks but once and never fails to keep up His promise."

Rama Rajya

Lord Rama was Maryada Purushottama. He was a Prema Murti. He was an ideal son, an ideal brother, an ideal husband, an ideal friend, and an ideal king. He can be taken to embody all the highest deals of man. He led an ideal life of a householder to teach humanity. He ruled His people so nicely that His rule came to be called Rama Rajya, meaning the rule of righteousness, the rule which bestows on all happiness and prosperity.

Rama was an ideal king. He ruled the kingdom in a wonderful way. He was just and righteous. He was courageous and kind. He was endowed with a gentle and generous disposition. He was civil and courteous.

Therefore His subjects loved Him immensely. Not a single man was unhappy during His regime. He often used to say, "I will do anything and everything to please My subjects and, if necessary, I can even abandon My dear wife for their sake." That is the reason why His reign was called "Rama Rajya." There were not dacoits during His regime. All led a virtuous life. Nobody spoke any untruth. Anybody could place a bag of gold or jewels even in the main street. No one would touch it even.

Rama Rajya was based on truth. Dharma was its foundation. Shastras were the guiding principles. Rishis, Yogis, Munis and Brahma Jnanis were the guiding lights. The Vedas were respected and followed. Therefore, Rama Rajya endured and prospered. And it is even now spoken of as the most perfect form of government.

The government of Sri Rama was an ideal one. Rama’s kingdom was free from evil-doers, thieves and dacoits. People did not put locks to the doors, nor bars to their windows. A bag of gold could be kept quite safe even in the highways. No calamity ever befell anyone. The aged people never performed the funeral rites of the young. No one injured another. Everyone was devoted to Dharma, righteousness or duty. All the people always narrated Sri Rama’s stories. They always uttered Rama, Rama. The whole world reverberated with the Name of Rama.

In due season, rain and shine came. The air was fresh and cool. The trees were laden with plenty of fruits. There were abundant flowers of sweet fragrance. There were plenty of crops in the fields.

Every man had a long life. He had children and grandchildren. Wives were devoted to their husbands. They were chaste and pure.

All the people were hale and hearty. They were rich, contented and virtuous. They were free from disease, greed and sorrow. They were truthful, righteous and self-controlled. They led a pure and taintless life.

The Brahmins were well-versed in the Vedas. They were virtuous. They stuck to their own duties. The Kshatriyas were brave. The Vaishyas and Sudras did their Svadharma. They were free from passion, greed and envy. The twice-born were faithful to the rites and scriptures. They were truthful in their words and deeds. They had God-fearing nature. They had love for all creatures.

The troops were very strong and brave. They were fierce like fire. They never retraced their steps in battle. They guarded the ramparts well.

There were neither want nor fear nor pain anywhere. The sons were noble and manly. The daughters were handsome, modest and pure.

Every town and province had plenty of gold and corn. Fathers never lost their children, nor did wives their husbands.

Poverty was unknown in Rama’s kingdom. Everybody had horses, cattle, gold and grain. Nobody spoke falsehood. No one envied others’ wealth. The poorest man was richly blessed with wealth and knowledge.

Sri Rama’s dominion was free from fire, flood, storm, fever, famine and disease.

Who can describe the glory of Rama’s empire? Hence it was called Rama Rajya.

Rama Nama Mahima

Rama Nama or the Name of Lord Rama is a blessing which millions of Hindus have treasured in their hearts since ages past. It is the supreme purifier of the mind of man, the bestower of perennial joy, the giver of peace and the key to the gate of immortality.

You must learn to take the Name of Rama with full devotion and faith. When you study the Ramayana of Tulsidas, you will learn how great the divine power of that blessed Name is.

Rama’s Name, form and conduct have all been the objects of constant remembrance, contemplation and emulation for people since ages. The word Rama is interpreted in the Ramarahasyopanishad as the combination of the essence of the Narayana-Ashta-Akshara and the Siva-Pancha-Akshara, i.e., Ra and Ma, without which the Ashtakshara and the Panchakshara not only do not give their proper meaning, but give the opposite meaning. Rama Nama is also considered as the essence of the Thousand Names of the Lord. It is the Taraka Mantra, the vessel which takes the mortal across the ocean of Samsara or death. The power of the Name is well realised when it is known that even the incorrect pronunciation thereof turned rogue Ratnakara into sage Valmiki.

Rama Nama burns ignorance, passion and sin. With knowledge or without knowledge, correctly or incorrectly, when the word Rama is pronounced, it showers a rain of good on the devotee. Sri Rama Brahma Tarakam.: Sri Rama is Brahman who takes one across Samsara. Rama is one in whom Yogins sport (Ramante) i.e., the Self within. Once you take refuge in Him, your welfare becomes His responsibility.

Gandhiji writes: "You might ask me why I tell you to use the word Rama and not one of the many other Names of the Creator. True His Names are as many as and more than the leaves on a tree, and I might, for instance, ask you to use the word God. But what meaning, what associations, would it have for you here? In order to enable you to feel anything when repeating the word God, I should have to teach you some English. I should have to explain to you foreign people’s thoughts and associations.

"But in telling you to repeat the Name of Rama, I am giving you a Name worshipped since countless generations by the people of this land,—a Name familiar to the very animals and birds, the very trees and stones of Hindusthan, through many thousand years. You will learn from Ramayana how a stone by the roadside sprang to life at the touch of Rama’s foot as He passed by. You must learn to repeat the blessed Name of Rama with sweetness and such devotion that the birds will pause in their singing to listen to you, that the very trees will bend their leaves towards you, stirred by the divine melody of that Name.

Kabir sent Kamal to Tulsidas. In the presence of Kamal, Tulsidas wrote Ram Nam on a Tulasi leaf and sprinkled the juice over five hundred lepers. All were cured. Kamal was quite astonished. Then Kabir sent Kamal to blind Surdas. Surdas asked Kamal to bring the corpse that was floating in the river. The corpse was brought. Surdas repeated ‘Ram’ (not the full name Rama) only once in one ear of the corpse, and it was brought back to life. Kamal’s heart was filled with awe and wonder. Such is the power of God’s Name.

The Name of Sri Rama is sweeter than the sweetest objects. It is the haven of peace. It is the very life of pure souls. It is the purifier of all purifying agencies. It quenches the consuming fire of worldly desires. It awakens the knowledge of God which is dormant in our hearts. It bathes the aspirant in the ocean of divine bliss. Glory to Sri Rama and His Name.

The means by which Sri Rama can be reached is to take His Name and to remain saturated in it. Always remain drunk, imbibing the Lord’s sweet Name. Let no ideas of purity or impurity enter your mind. There is no unholy object in this world. Should there be any, it becomes the holiest of the holy by contact with the Lord’s Name. Illusion, notwithstanding all her efforts, fails to get hold of him who remains deeply absorbed in the Lord’s Name and love.

Why Lord Rama Behaved Like a Man

Some people say: "Sri Rama is only an ordinary man. He is not an Incarnation of God. He wept bitterly when He lost His wife. His bewailings rent the clouds when Lakshmana fell down on the ground in an unconscious state, being struck with the arrow of Indrajit. Why did Rama, the Supreme Being, forget His real divine nature? He was sunk in the ocean of sorrow at the ordeal of Sita. If Rama always knew His true Self, why did He grieve for the loss of Sita?"

The answer to this question is that verily Rama was the Supreme Self. He never moved or did anything. He was never subject to joy or sorrow, birth or death, pleasure or pain. Through His life, Sri Rama behaved like an ordinary man only. He had to do that, because Ravana had a boon that he could not be killed by Devas, Asuras, Rakshasas, Yakshas, serpents, bears, etc. He belittled the strength of man in his pride. Ravana could only be killed by a man. So Sri Rama had to show that He was an ordinary man only. Otherwise, He would be disqualified for destroying Ravana, if He exhibited Himself to be a God, according to the boon of Brahma.

The Transcendent Divinity That Is Rama

To a devotee, Rama is not simply a good and great person, but God Himself. Rama is the son of Dasaratha, the King of Ayodhya, as well as the divine, omnipresent God Self, Atman or Brahman. The destruction of the ten-headed Ravana by Rama is the annihilation of the mind with the ten senses. Worship of Rama is the worship of the Virat Purusha Himself. Read the prayers offered by Mandodari and Brahma in the Yuddha-Khanda of the Valmiki Ramayana. They refer to Rama as the one Creator of the universe, the God of all, the Ruler of all.

Sri Rama Navami

Rama Navami falls on the ninth day of the bright half of the month Chaitra (March-April). This is the birthday of Sri Rama, the seventh divine Incarnation. This is the most important festival of the Vaishnava sect of Hindus. All Saivites also do the celebration. Some keep strict fast. Temples are decorated and the image of Rama adorned with costly ornaments. The Ramayana is read in the temples. At Ayodhya in Fyzabad, a big bathing fair is held on this day.

In the south of India, Sri Rama Navami Utsava is celebrated for nine days with great fervour and devotion by the devotees of Lord Rama.

May you all attain the final beatitude of life through intense devotion towards Rama! May you live immersed in the ecstasy of divine love and Suddha Prem! May Sri Rama, who is effulgent like million suns, who is adored by the gods and devotees, protect you all!

May Lord Rama bestow His choicest blessings on you all! May you all live drowned in the ocean of divine ecstasy through constant repetition of Lord Rama’s Name.

May peace be unto all! May prosperity be unto all! May happiness be unto all!

Om Sri Ram Jaya Ram Jaya Jaya Ram
Om Sri Ram Jaya Ram Jaya Jaya Ram.


Contents

Yuga (Sanskrit: युग ), in this context, means "an age of the world", where its archaic spelling is yug, with other forms of yugam, yugānāṃ, and yuge, derived from yuj (Sanskrit: युज् , lit. 'to join or yoke'), believed derived from *yeug- (Proto-Indo-European: lit. 'to join or unite'). [5]

Treta Yuga (Sanskrit: त्रेतायुग , romanized: tretāyuga or tretā-yuga) means "the age of three or triads", where its length is three times that of Kali Yuga, and the Dharma bull, which symbolizes morality, stands on three legs during this period. [6]

Treta Yuga is described in the Mahabharata, Manusmriti, Surya Siddhanta, Vishnu Smriti, and various Puranas. [7]

Hindu texts describe four yugas (world ages)⁠ in a Yuga Cycle, where, starting in order from the first age of Krita (Satya) Yuga, each yuga's length decreases by one-fourth (25%), giving proportions of 4:3:2:1. Each yuga is described as having a main period (a.k.a. yuga proper) preceded by its yuga-sandhyā (dawn) and followed by its yuga-sandhyāṃśa (dusk)⁠, where each twilight (dawn/dusk) lasts for one-tenth (10%) of its main period. Lengths are given in divine years (years of the gods), each lasting for 360 solar (human) years. [8] [9] [10]

Treta Yuga, the second age in a cycle, lasts for 1,296,000 years (3,600 divine years), where its main period lasts for 1,080,000 years (3,000 divine years) and its two twilights each lasts for 108,000 years (300 divine years). The current cycle's Treta Yuga has the following dates based on Kali Yuga, the fourth and present age, starting in 3102 BCE: [8] [9] [10]

Treta Yuga
Part Start Length
Treta-yuga-sandhya (dawn) 2,163,102 BCE 108,000 (300)
Treta-yuga (proper) 2,055,102 BCE 1,080,000 (3,000)
Treta-yuga-sandhyamsa (dusk) 975,102 BCE – 867,102 BCE 108,000 (300)
Years: 1,296,000 solar (3,600 divine)
Current: Kali-yuga-sandhya (dawn). [11] [12]

(17) A year (of men) is equal to a day and night of the gods . (19) I shall, in their order, tell you the number of years that are for different purposes calculated differently, in the Krita, the Treta, the Dwapara, and the Kali yugas. (20) Four thousand celestial years is the duration of the first or Krita age. The morning of that cycle consists of four hundred years and its evening is of four hundred years. (21) Regarding the other cycles, the duration of each gradually decreases by a quarter in respect of both the principal period with the minor portion and the conjoining portion itself.

(67) A year is a day and a night of the gods . (68) But hear now the brief (description of) the duration of a night and a day of Brahman and of the several ages (of the world, yuga) according to their order. (69) They declare that the Krita age (consists of) four thousand years (of the gods) the twilight preceding it consists of as many hundreds, and the twilight following it of the same number. (70) In the other three ages with their twilights preceding and following, the thousands and hundreds are diminished by one (in each).

(13) . twelve months make a year. This is called a day of the gods. (14) . Six times sixty [360] of them are a year of the gods . (15) Twelve thousand of these divine years are denominated a Quadruple Age (caturyuga) of ten thousand times four hundred and thirty-two [4,320,000] solar years (16) Is composed that Quadruple Age, with its dawn and twilight. The difference of the Golden and the other Ages, as measured by the difference in the number of the feet of Virtue in each, is as follows : (17) The tenth part of an Age, multiplied successively by four, three, two, and one, gives the length of the Golden and the other Ages, in order : the sixth part of each belongs to its dawn and twilight.

Vamana Edit

Vamana is the first avatar of Vishnu in Treta Yuga and fifth overall. It is said that Indra, king of Svarga had killed Virochana, son of Prahalada (an ardent devotee of Vishnu, whom to protect from his father Hiranyakashipu he took the incarnation of Narasimha) by unjust and unfair means much to Vishnu's disappointment just because he only promoted Vishnu's worship, and not other gods. So the son of Virochana, Mahabali made a yagna and was granted chariot and weapons with which nobody can defeat him. He used this opportunity to imprison Indra and other devas and conquered the three worlds. Aditi, mother of devas was highly worried that her sons were imprisoned by her great grand nephew Mahabali and she asked is their any way to release them, Vishnu stated that he can take the form of a dwarf in order to save her sons. Aditi accepted and gave birth to Vamana. Vamana asked Mahabali three steps of land and Mahabali accepted, and he assumed his vishvaroopa form and covered the Heaven and Earth, and when questioned where can he place the third step, Mahabali being a Vishnu devotee just like his grandfather offered his head and Vamana being Vishnu or Vishnu being Vamana sent him to Patala loka (actually Sutala which is a place below Patala), which is said to be even beautiful than Svarga. Now Indra's place is restored and Vishnu returned to his original form and Vishnu asked Mahabali for a boon, since Vishnu was impressed by Mahabali's act of charity and devotion towards god. Mahabali stated that he wanted to visit his subjects every single year, and this day till now is celebrated as Onam to mark the return of Mahabali to Earth. Vishnu happily granted him the boon and left. According to the story, common belief is that during the day of Onam, the king visits his subjects secretly, worships and blesses them happily and leaves back to his place. [ citation needed ]

Mahabali is one of the Ashta-Chiranjivi alive till today, some being immortal (forever living) or some being alive till the end current Kali Yuga. All the chirajivis or at least some are alive to help Vishnu's tenth and final avatar or Kalki to wipe out sinners and kill the demon Kali on Earth and restore dharma or righteousness. [ citation needed ]

Parashurama Edit

Vishnu incarnated as the Brahman Parashurama in this era because there were too many warlike Kshatriyas plaguing the Earth, and he therefore had to wipe out most of the world's warriors. However, some of the Kshatriyas survived or more were created, and their population grew again. Eventually, the avatara of Vishnu in Parashurama ended, though it is said that he continued to live on as a mighty warrior-hermit. He confronted Rama, angrily, years later, before acknowledging the latter's supremacy and retiring. He lived on in the Dvapara Yuga, having a great duel with Bhishma for the sake of Amba. However he failed to defeat him and stopped fighting after he was forbidden by the divine sage Narada and his ancestors and learning that Bhishma had surpassed him in art of warfare. He mentored Dronacharya, teacher of both the Kauravas and Pandavas. Parashurama also taught Karna but when he found out that Karna had lied about being a Kshatriya, he cursed Karna that his knowledge would fail him when he needed it the most. He is believed to be still alive today, doing penance on the Mahendragiri mountain. [ citation needed ]

Rama Edit

The hallmark of this era was the rise of evil in the form of the demon king of Lanka, Ravana. He conquered the three worlds namely, Earth, Heaven and the Netherworld (Patala) and terrorized everyone. Even the Devas were subordinate to him - his son Meghanada had earned the title Indrajit by defeating Indra, the King of heaven in battle and even the Sun had to obey the king. In this scenario, Lord Vishnu incarnated himself as the son of King Dasharatha of the Suryavamshis or Ikshvaku dynasty and was named Rama. Due to his stepmother- Kaikai's wish, Rama was sent away to a forest in exile for 14 years, during which time he confronted and killed Ravana for kidnapping his wife, and thus restored peace on earth. He is said to have afterwards established Rama-rajya or Rama's Kingdom over the entire earth from his throne at Ayodhya for 11,000 years, before eventually returning to his Mahavishnu form. [16] [ better source needed ]


Laxmana made a choice and accepted the death instead of destruction of Ayodhya. Laxmana sacrifices his life by beheading himself at the bank of Sarayu river. Lord Rama, lives the palace and slowly starts walking towards the Sarayu river. All pupil of Ayodhya watched it.

There is information floating around the web that Sita was elder to Lord Rama by six months and many are quoting this to justify marrying an elder woman. Valmiki clearly declares thus, about the ages of Rama and Sita, through Sita during her conversation with Ravana when he was about to abduct her. This is the Sloka.


Lord Rama

Lord Rama
Lord Rama is known as the seventh
incarnation of Lord Vishnu. Rama, the perfect avatar of the Supreme Protector
Vishnu, has always been popular among the Hindu deities. Rama is the symbol of
courtesy and virtue, a man of values and morals. Ramachandra is Maryada
Purushottama, which means the perfect man. Lord Rama is considered to have taken
birth on the earth to destroy the evil forces of the age.

Lord Rama, in
the words of Swami Vivekananda, is “the embodiment of truth, of morality, the
ideal son, the ideal husband, and above all, the ideal king”. Rama is widely
accepted to be an actual historical figure – a “tribal hero of ancient India” –
whose deeds form the great Hindu epic of Ramayana or The Romance of Rama,
written by the ancient Sanskrit poet Valmiki. According to the Hindus belief,
Rama lived in the Treta Yug. Although historians are of the conviction that Rama
was not particularly deified until the 11th century AD. Tulsidas’ wonderful
version of the Sanskrit epic “Ramayana” into “Ramcharitmanas” greatly enhanced
the popularity of Rama as a Hindu god and gave rise to various devotional
groups.

Virtues of Rama
Shri Rama was a paragon of virtues.
Rama was not only kind and affectionate but generous and considerate of feelings
for all around him. Lord Rama had a marvelous physique and captivating manners.
Shri Ram had a magnanimous personality. He was extremely noble, generous,
chivalrous and fearless. He was very simple and absolutely free from
flamboyance.

Lord Rama is considered as a son unequalled in the world,
and resembled Dasaratha in each and every aspect of good qualities. He never
spoke a lie throughout his life. He always offered respect to the scholars and
the elders, people loved him and he adored the people. His body was
transcendental and outstanding. He was eloquent, attractive and adjustable to
circumstances. He knew the heart of each and every human being on the earth
(being omniscient). He had all the conceivable qualities of a king’s son and was
dear to the people as their own hearts.

Lord Rama was endowed with
incredible transcendental qualities. The earth personified adored him, who was
possessor of such virtues, who was indomitable, who was brave, and who was the
unequalled Lord of all. To put succinctly, Sri Rama’s life was a life of holy
compliance, of stainless purity, of matchless simplicity, praiseworthy
contentment, commendable self-sacrifice and remarkable renunciation.

Legend of Lord Rama
As per
the widespread legends, Lord Rama is considered as the seventh incarnation of
Lord Vishnu, who took an Avatar to annihilate the demon king Ravana. Rama is
known for his stainless personality and matchless simplicity. Shri Ram is one of
the popular gods of Hindu religion.

Names of Lord Rama
Lord
Rama is the one of the commonly worshipped gods of the Hindu religion. Shri Ram
is recognized as the seventh incarnation (Avatar) of Lord Vishnu, the preserver
of the Universe. Lord Ram is known for his virtues. Ram is the great lord of
Hanuman, the ultimate disciple. Sri Ram is also known as Maryada Purushottam Ram
because he is the epitome of righteousness.


Watch the video: Why We Worship Rama,Clarified By Sadhguru