Rare Harvest Moon Occurs on Friday 13th

Rare Harvest Moon Occurs on Friday 13th

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This year, the Harvest Moon rises today, Friday the 13th September. But why was this particular moon so special to ancient cultures?

The brilliant Harvest Moon will appear tonight and will reach its fullest at 12:33 a.m. EDT on Saturday 14th. For several nights leading up to the Harvest Moon, the moon appears just after sunset, which enabled ancient farmers to harvest their summer-grown crops into the night, hence: a “Harvest” Moon!

Every year, there are just a little over 12 complete moon cycles, averaging about 29.53 days in a synodic month, and throughout the year the Moon rises an average of about 50 minutes later each day but nearing the autumnal equinox that difference is only about 30 minutes.

The phases of the Moon as viewed looking southward from the Northern Hemisphere. (Orion 8 / CC BY-SA 3.0 )

What is the Harvest Moon?

The Harvest Moon stands apart from the other names given to full moons because it is not actually associated with a specific month, but it’s the full moon that occurs closest to the autumnal or vernal equinox (September 22 or 23), so depending on the year, the Harvest Moon might occur in either September or October.

According to astronomy author Guy Ottewell in his brilliantly user friendly book The Astronomical Companion , the name “Harvest Moon” originated in Europe where it was seen rising 10 to 20 minutes later each night. This means that just when the days were shortening towards the end of the year, the light of the Harvest Moon extended the hours that harvesting could be undertaken.

Avoiding Rain And Rot With The Moon

Native South American peoples named each month’s full moon after a natural event or sign associated with the season. In ancient Colombia, where the indigenous Muisca people planted seeds according to the lunar cycle, their entire number system was derived from it. For example, the 20th lunar month was called “Gueta” which means frog, and when frogs sounded it indicated the rainy season had arrived and harvesting was undertaken accordingly.

A report in USA Today speaks with Alan MacRobert, an editor at Sky & Telescope magazine, and he affirms that last point by explaining that “in the days before tractors with headlights, having moonlight to work by was crucial to getting the harvest in quickly before rain caused it to rot”.

The fullness of the Harvest Moon allowed farmers to harvest into the night. (Szilas / )

In North America, according to an article on Almanac.com, alternative full moon names for this month include: “Moon When the Plums Are Scarlet” by the Lakota Sioux; “Moon When the Deer Paw the Earth” by the Omaha; and “Moon When the Calves Grow Hair” by the Sioux. And if the Harvest Moon occurred in September it symbolically replaced what was known as the Full Corn or Barley Moon, and in October it replaces the Full Hunter’s Moon .

Moon Worship

Having looked at the practical applications of changing moonlight, in symbolic, metaphorical and mythological terms worshiping the moon required its personification and that deity was linked with the basic rhythms and changes of life. The cyclical process of the moon and its disappearance for the three days of darkness after a lunar eclipse led it to be associated with the otherworld and the place where souls ascended after death, before being reborn, which lead to associations between the moon and fate.

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The sun god Ra, in the form of great cat, slays the snake Apep, the moon. Legend states that every day Apep must lay below the horizon and not persist in the mortal kingdom. But Apep comes out at night and lurks just before dawn. (DingirXul / )

Another Almanac.com article explains how during the three days of darkness, many ancient cultures mythologies accounted for this with battles between a moon devouring monster who eventually regurgitates and revives the moon.

Many Neopagan religious and spiritual traditions worship a Triple Moon Goddess, or three distinct aspects of the moon, most often perceived as a maiden, mother, and crone. While these three aspects are symbolic of the three key stages of the female lifecycle they were often applied to the three cosmic layers of heaven, earth, and the underworld. And this is why the Moon goddess 's sacred number is also the number associated with the underworld: ‘three'.

The triple Hecate, symbolic of the three phases of the moon. (Eloquence / )

The Triple Moon Archetype

In their 1949 book Science of Mythology: the Myth of the Divine Child and the Mysteries of Eleusis authors Carl Jung and Karl Kerényi wrote of the Triple Goddess as an “archetype arising at the most primitive level of human mental development and culture”. The years threefold division, according to Jung, is inextricably bound up with the primitive form of the Greek goddess Demeter, who was also Hecate, and Hecate could claim to be “mistress of the three realms” and that her relations to the moon, corn, and the realm of the dead are “ three fundamental traits in her nature”.

Returning to the Muisca people in Colombia, they also worshiped the moon in three aspects: Huitaca, a young rebelling goddess, Chia was the full moon goddess, and Bachue was an old and wise mother goddess. But in hard reality, beneath the maiden, mother, and crone archetypes, the primary reason the moon manifests in three aspects in world mythology and religion, is because looking up at night anywhere in the world, we see a waxing, full, and waning moon, which are the original maiden, mother, and crone.

Statue of Chía, she was the full Moon goddess to the Muisca people . (Andruvv / CC BY-SA 2.0 )

Rare harvest moon will happen on Friday the 13th

Despite being a full moon, it will actually appear quite small.

A rare type of full Moon will soon grace the sky that coincides with a spooky date: Friday the 13th.

The so-called “harvest moon,” which is the full moon nearest to the start of fall, or the autumnal equinox, will be seen in the U.S. on Friday in the Central, Mountain and Pacific time zones, according to the Farmers Almanac.

For those in the Eastern time zone, they can still get a glimpse of the moon but it will be seen after midnight, at 12:33 a.m., on Saturday.

The last time there was a split-time zone Harvest Moon was on June 13, 2014, when the Eastern time zone saw it on Friday the 13th and the rest of the country experienced it the day before.

The last nationwide full moon on Friday the 13th happened on Oct. 13, 2000. It's not expected to happen again until August 13, 2049.

Twitter users were quick to point out the eerie connection between the full moon and Friday the 13th, but the experts were quick to point out "there's no need to worry."

"A full Moon just means that we can see the half of the Moon that is facing the Sun," NASA Moon tweeted. "There’s always a full Moon somewhere in space! It’s just your perspective."

And while the upcoming moon is a full one, its size will actually be quite small.

Why is Friday the 13th Unlucky?

According to biblical tradition, 13 guests attended the Last Supper, held on Maundy Thursday, including Jesus and his 12 apostles (one of whom, Judas, betrayed him). The next day, of course, was Good Friday, the day of Jesus’ crucifixion.

The seating arrangement at the Last Supper is believed to have given rise to a longstanding Christian superstition that having 13 guests at a table was a bad omen—specifically, that it was courting death.

Though Friday’s negative associations are weaker, some have suggested they also have roots in Christian tradition: Just as Jesus was crucified on a Friday, Friday was also said to be the day Eve gave Adam the fateful apple from the Tree of Knowledge, as well as the day Cain killed his brother, Abel.

Spooky! A Rare Harvest Moon Is Happening this Friday the 13th &mdash How to See the Lunar Phenomenon

What better way to ring in the spirit of the fall season than with a full moon on Friday the 13th?

Although the official first day of fall isn’t until Sept. 23, later this week a rare Harvest Moon will appear across the United States on Friday, Sept. 13 and into the early hours of Saturday, Sept. 14.

According to The Old Farmer’s Almanac, the Harvest Moon is a full moon that appears nearest to the start of fall or the autumnal equinox, so it typically coincides with the September full moon — however, it can occasionally occur around the October full moon instead.

What makes the Harvest Moon special is that a typical moon rises an average of 50 minutes later each night, but the Harvest Moon is only 30 minutes later than the day before. This means that for several days after the initial appearance of the Harvest Moon, moonrise will come soon after sunset and this creates more dramatic moonlight in the early evenings.

Historically, this was a big help to farmers who were harvesting their summer crops ahead of the fall season, according to the Farmer’s Almanac.

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Once the moon reaches its last quarter in the new cycle, it will be back to the typical 50-minute delay.

This year, the Harvest Moon will reach its peak at 12:33 a.m. ET on Sept. 14 for everyone on the East Coast. For those in Central, Mountain or Pacific time zones, the full moon will appear soon after sunset on Sept. 13.

According to Newsweek, a Friday the 13th full moon appearance is a rare one, and won’t happen again until Aug. 13, 2049. The last full moon to land on Friday the 13th was on October 13, 2000.

Superstitions about the date Friday the 13th, are rooted in Christianity, according to National Geographic. The thirteenth guest at the Last Supper was the apostle Judas, who betrayed Jesus, and Jesus’s crucifixion took place on a Friday, also known as “hangman’s day.”

There’s also the theory that 13 gets a bad rep for coming after the 𠇌omplete” number twelve — twelve months in a year, twelve signs in the zodiac, etc. — a numerologist explained to Nat Geo. A folklore historian also noted to the outlet that, “It’s been estimated that $800 or $900 million is lost in business on this day,” because people avoid making big purchases or risky financial moves.

In modern times, the Friday the 13th horror movies have helped uphold the date’s scary associations. And many skyscrapers still avoid labeling a 13th floor, instead skipping from 12 to 14.

Friday The 13th Coincides With Rare Full Moon Tonight. What It Means

Friday the 13th, considered unlucky in western superstition, coincides with full moon night.

It's Friday the 13th today. Does it ring an 'ominous' bell? In western superstition, Friday the 13th is considered an unlucky date when inauspicious things happen - an increase in accidents and spooky occurrences. To make the things a little 'spookier' this time, this Friday the 13th is coinciding with a full moon after 13 years! Yes, it's the first full moon to take place on Friday the 13th since January 2006. The next time we'll have a moon approaching fullness on Friday the 13th will be in a little over 13 years, in May 2033. This full moon, also called a harvest or corn moon, will be a rare even which can be witnessed tonight. Also, today's full moon will be a micromoon - which means it will be at apogee - the farthest point from Earth.

Many people choose not to do important things on this day. Travel, marriages, and big purchases are generally avoided due to the superstitions attached with Friday the 13th. For a month to have a Friday the 13th, it must begin with a Sunday.

Why Friday the 13th is considered unlucky?

A school of thought believes that the fear of Friday the 13th stem from early Christianity. Jesus Christ was crucified on a Friday, and Judas, who betrayed him, was the thirteenth guest to join the table during the Last Supper.

What are the superstitions attached to Friday the 13th?

The fear of number 13 has its own name. It's called 'triskaidekaphobia'. May high-rise apartments do not have floor number 13. They instead, prefer to name it as floor no. 12 B or simply skip numbering it as 13th floor. On Friday the 13th, people avoid anything that's to do with number 13. They avoid lodging in room numbered 13, vacate row number 13 on flights. Gathering in a group of 13 people is a strict no-no on 'ominous' Friday the 13th. Marriages, big purchases like a house or a car are not preferred on Friday the 13th. Many people also avoid travel on Friday the 13th.

Rare Harvest Moon will appear on Friday 13th - here's how to see it tonight

A full Harvest Moon will rise over the UK this evening, falling on "unlucky" Friday 13th for the first time in 84 years.

The Harvest Moon is the full moon that falls closest to the autumnal equinox, which is usually on September 23.

The last time that the Northern Hemisphere&aposs full Harvest Moon fell on Friday 13th was in the year 1935, and the next time won&apost be until the year 2171.

This year, the Harvest Moon is also a known as a "micro-moon" - the opposite of a supermoon - because it is at the furthest point from Earth during its elliptical orbit.

Here&aposs what you need to know about the Harvest Moon, and how to see it.

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When is the Harvest Moon?

The Harvest Moon will appear on the evening of Friday, September 13.

In the UK, the moon will rise at around 19.35 BST, and remain visible in the sky all night, until about 05.19 on Saturday morning.

The moment at which the Moon is officially "full" will be at 04:34 BST on Saturday morning.

However, elsewhere in the world - including most of the United States - the full moon will peak on Friday evening.

What is a Harvest Moon?

The Harvest Moon is the full moon that occurs closest to the September equinox every year.

It appears "full" because it is located on the opposite side of the Earth as the sun, meaning that its face is fully illuminated in the night sky.

The Harvest Moon was given the name in the days before electric lights, when farmers depended on bright moonlight to extend the workday beyond sunset.

Working by moonlight was the only way they could gather their ripening crops in time for market, so the full moon was always a welcome sight.

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Why is it a micro-Moon?

A micro-Moon happens when a Full Moon coincides with apogee - the point in the Moon&aposs orbit when it is farthest away from Earth.

It is the opposite of a supermoon, which occurs when the Moon is full at the closest point to Earth in its orbit, known as the perigee.

Because a micro-Moon is further away, it looks approximately 14% smaller than a Supermoon. The illuminated area also appears 30% smaller, so it might look a little less bright.

Is it unlucky?

The number 13 and Friday both have a long history of bringing bad luck.

One of the reasons the number 13s is considered unlucky is because of the Bible - Judas, who betrayed Jesus, is thought to have been the 13th guest to sit down to the Last Supper.

It also has a root in Norse mythology. A dinner party of the gods was ruined by the 13th guest called Loki, who caused the world to be plunged into darkness.

The superstition has stuck, with some hotels having no room 13 and many tall buildings jumping straight from the 12th to the 14th floor. Some airlines also refuse to have a row 13 in their planes.

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Meanwhile, Friday has been considered the unluckiest day of the week for hundreds of years.

In Geoffrey Chaucer&aposs famous Canterbury Tales, written in the 14th Century, he says "and on a Friday fell all this mischance".

In Britain, Friday was once known as Hangman&aposs Day because it was usually when people who had been condemned to death would be hanged.

The combination of these superstitions has resulted in Friday 13th being considered a particularly unlucky day.

As for the Moon, folklore suggests that Full Moons and Micromoons affect human mental health and bring on natural disasters like earthquakes.

Luckily, there is no scientific evidence to support any such correlation.

NASA Astronomy Picture of the Day

When is the next full moon?

If you miss the Harvest Moon, thankfully there&aposs only a month to wait until the next full moon.

This will appear on October 13, and is known as the Hunters Moon or the Blood Moon, because it traditionally marked the start of the hunting season.

Full moon to happen on Friday the 13th for the first time in nearly 20 years

A rare Harvest Moon will appear in the night sky on Friday, September 13th. The last time the U.S. saw a full moon on Friday the 13 th was October 13th, 2000.

It won’t happen again until August 13th, 2049.

According to NASA, it’s called the Harvest Moon because it’s the full moon closest to the autumnal equinox. The autumnal equinox occurs on September 23 at 3:50 a.m., marking the end of summer and the start of fall.

The Harvest Moon is said to symbolize when farmers would need to start gathering in food to prepare for the lean winter months.

NASA says the best time to watch the Full moon is Saturday, September 14th at 12:33 a.m. Eastern Time.

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5 things to know about Friday the 13th and its rare full moon

Paraskevidekatriaphobians might want to stay indoors Friday, especially if they also have selenophobia.

The first condition is fear of Friday the 13th the second is fear of full moons. Both events happen this Friday.

Some people believe a full moon can make people act strangely. After all, the word “lunacy,” which means insanity, comes from the Latin word for moon. Similarly, Friday the 13th is associated with bad luck.

This Friday’s full moon is also a harvest moon, meaning it’s the full moon closest to the autumnal equinox (September 23). Here are five things to know about this moon and Friday the 13th.

1. It’s a rare occurrence

We haven't seen a harvest moon on Friday the 13th since 2000, according to treehugger.com, and we won't see another until 2049.

2. A harvest moon provides extra light

The full moon closest to the autumnal equinox rises about half an hour earlier than a normal full moon, according to NASA. This will happen for a few days, even when the moon isn't technically full. Farmers once relied on this extra light to harvest their crops, which is how the harvest moon got its name.

3. This is also a micromoon

A micromoon happens when a full moon coincides with apogee, the point in the moon's orbit farthest from Earth.

4. Friday the 13th will happen only twice this year

It’s taken nine months, but the first Friday the 13th of 2019 happens this week. The second will be December 13. Next year will also have two 13s falling on Fridays: March 13 and November 13.

5. Bad things have happened on Friday the 13th

In 1940, the Germans bombed Buckingham Palace on Friday the 13th. In 1970, a cyclone killed more than 300,000 people in Bangladesh. More recently, rapper Tupac Shakur was killed on September 13, 1996 — a Friday.

When is the Full Harvest Moon in September this year?

Depending on where you live, the Full Moon will peak on Friday, September 13 or in the wee morning hours of Saturday, September 14.

This means the Harvest Moon precedes the Autumn Equinox by just nine days this year.

Here in the UK, the Harvest Moon will arrive around 5.32am BST (4.32am UTC).

In central and western parts of the US, however, the Harvest Moon will appear on Friday.

Maine Farmers&rsquo Almanac astronomer Joe Rao said: &ldquoThe arrival of this year&rsquos Harvest Moon will depend on which time zone you happen to live in.

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&ldquoIf you live in the Eastern Time Zone, the moment the Moon turns full will occur just after midnight&mdashat 12.33am &ndash on Saturday, the 14th.

&ldquoBut if you live elsewhere in the country&mdashin the Central, Mountain, or Pacific time zones&mdashthe moment that the Moon turns full comes before midnight on Friday, the 13th.&rdquo

When viewed from Los Angeles, the Full Moon will peak around 9.32pm PDT.

Over Chicago, Illinois, the Full Moon will peak around 11.32pm CDT.

Stunning HARVEST MOON shines over the UK

There's a Full Moon Due on Friday the 13th for Most of the U.S. The Next One Isn't for Another 30 Years

T he next full moon is set to make an appearance on the most ominous date on the calendar this month.

A September full moon, also known as a “Harvest Moon,” will be visible to many Americans this Friday the 13th.

According to NASA, the moon will be full early Saturday morning, Sept. 14, at 12:33 a.m. EST, but for those who live in the Central, Mountain and Pacific time zones, the full moon will be visible shortly before midnight on Friday the 13th.

NASA says that the moon will appear full for about three days centered around this time &mdash from Thursday night through Sunday morning.

A full moon on Friday the 13th is an extremely rare occurrence, according to the Farmers’ Almanac. It reports that this will be the first full moon visible across the U.S. on Friday the 13th since Oct. 13, 2000.

The next one isn’t expected to happen again for another 30 years&mdashon Aug. 13, 2049.

On average, the Farmers’ Almanac says a Friday the 13th full moon is a 20-year occurrence.

As you might expect, September’s full moon is called the “Harvest Moon” because it comes at the peak of harvest season.

According to NASA, this moon has historically been especially helpful to farmers who relied on moonlight during harvest season. Although the moon traditionally rises about 50 minutes later each night leading up to a full moon, in the days leading up to September’s full moon it generally rises just 25 to 30 minutes later across the northern U.S., and only 10 to 20 minutes later for much of Canada and Europe.

The moon will also appear about 14% smaller because of its distance from Earth, which led to the September full moon’s additional nickname: “Micro Moon,” according to the Almanac.

“Micro Moon” is a sort of opposite phenomenon to a “Supermoon,” which makes the Moon appear larger in the night sky because it is orbiting especially close to Earth.

September’s full moon nearly lines up with the point when the moon’s orbit is farthest from Earth&mdasha point known as “apogee,” which the Almanac says is a distance of about 252,100 miles away.

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